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In Portuguese, Ã/ã represents a nasal central unrounded vowel, [ɐ̃] (its exact height varies from open to mid according to dialect). The combination 〈ãe〉 represents the diphthong [ɐ̃ĩ̯] in most dialects ([ɐ̃ɪ̯̃] in Brazil's RS, SC, PR, SP, MS and among caipira speakers), and 〈ão〉 represents [ɐ̃ũ̯] in most dialects ([ɐ̃ʊ̯̃] in Brazil's RS, SC, PR, SP, MS and among caipira speakers, while in hinterland European northern dialects of Portuguese it represents [aŋ] and in some reintegrationist Galician orthographies it may represent [oŋ]). Because Ã is a typically Portuguese character, it is sometimes used as a symbol of the Portuguese language.
In the International Phonetic Alphabet, /ã/ stands for a nasal open front unrounded vowel, found for example in Quebec French maman and Jean.
Letter A with diacritics
Letters using tilde sign ( ◌̃ )
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