Água Vermelha Dam

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Água Vermelha Dam
Água Vermelha Dam is located in Brazil
Água Vermelha Dam
Location of Água Vermelha Dam
Official name Usina de Água Vermelha
Location Iturama, São Paulo/Minas Gerais, Brazil
Coordinates 19°51′55″S 50°20′48″W / 19.86528°S 50.34667°W / -19.86528; -50.34667Coordinates: 19°51′55″S 50°20′48″W / 19.86528°S 50.34667°W / -19.86528; -50.34667
Construction began 1973
Opening date 1978
Owner(s) AES Tiete
Dam and spillways
Type of dam Embankment, concrete portion
Impounds Grande River
Height 67 m (220 ft)
Length 3,940 m (12,930 ft)
Dam volume 1,500,000 m3 (53,000,000 cu ft) (Concrete)
Spillway type Service, gate-controlled
Spillway capacity 19,848 m3/s (700,900 cu ft/s)
Reservoir
Creates Água Vermelha Reservoir
Total capacity 11.025 km3 (2.645 cu mi)
Surface area 647 km2 (250 sq mi)
Power station
Commission date 1978-1979
Type Conventional
Hydraulic head 57 m (187 ft)
Turbines 6 x Francis turbines
Installed capacity 1,396.2 MW

The Água Vermelha Dam is an embankment dam on the Grande River near Iturama in Minas Gerais/São Paulo, Brazil. It was constructed for hydroelectric power production and flood control. Construction on the dam began in 1973 and it was completed and operational by 1978.[1] The last generators were operational in 1979.[2]

Specifications[edit]

The dam is a 3,940 m (12,930 ft) long and 67 m (220 ft) high embankment dam with a concrete power station and spillway portion. The volume of concrete in the dam structure is 1,500,000 m3 (53,000,000 cu ft). The dam's spillway contains eight floodgates each with a maximum discharge capacity of 2,481 m3/s (87,600 cu ft/s) for a total of 19,848 m3/s (700,900 cu ft/s). The dam's reservoir has a capacity of 11.025 km3 (2.645 cu mi), of which 11 km3 (2.6 cu mi) is live (active or "useful") storage. The surface are of the reservoir is 647 km2 (250 sq mi) and its maximum level above sea level is 383.3 m (1,258 ft) and the minimum is 373.3 m (1,225 ft). The dam's power station has a gross hydraulic head of 57 m (187 ft) and contains six 232.7 MW generators powered by Francis turbines for a total installed capacity of 1,396.2 MW.[3][4]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Dam Vermelha Aqua" (in Portuguese). Speedy Look. Retrieved 19 September 2010. 
  2. ^ "Hydroelectric Plants in Brazil - Sao Paulo". Indust Cards. Retrieved 19 September 2010. 
  3. ^ "Aqua Vermelha". AES Tiete. Retrieved 19 September 2010. 
  4. ^ "Summary Information Dam Power Plant Agua Vermelha - SP". Brazil Ministry of Transportation. Retrieved 19 September 2010.