Ã

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A with tilde.svg

Ã/ã (a-tilde) is a letter used in some languages, generally considered a variant of the letter A.

In Portuguese, Ã/ã represents a nasal central unrounded vowel, [ɐ̃] (its exact height varies from open to mid according to dialect). The combination ãe represents the diphthong [ɐ̃ĩ̯] in most dialects ([ɐ̃ɪ̯̃] in Brazil's RS, SC, PR, SP, MS and among caipira speakers), and ão represents [ɐ̃ũ̯] in most dialects ([ɐ̃ʊ̯̃] in Brazil's RS, SC, PR, SP, MS and among caipira speakers, while in hinterland European northern dialects of Portuguese it represents [aŋ] and in some reintegrationist Galician orthographies it may represent [oŋ]). Because à is a typically Portuguese character, it is sometimes used as a symbol of the Portuguese language.[citation needed]

This symbol is also used in the Aromanian, Guaraní, Kashubian and Vietnamese languages. In Vietnamese, it represents [aː] in a high breaking-rising tone. This also used in !Xóõ.

In the International Phonetic Alphabet, /ã/ stands for a nasal open front unrounded vowel, found for example in Quebec French maman and Jean.

Character à ã
Unicode name LATIN CAPITAL LETTER A WITH TILDE LATIN SMALL LETTER A WITH TILDE
Encodings decimal hex decimal hex
Unicode 195 U+00C3 227 U+00E3
UTF-8 195 131 C3 83 195 163 C3 A3
Numeric character reference à à ã ã
Named character reference à ã
EBCDIC family 102 66 70 46
ISO 8859-1/4/9/10/14/15 195 C3 227 E3

See also[edit]