Çaykur Rizespor is a Turkish sports club based in Rize. Çaykur Rizespor is currently playing in the Turkish Super Lig. The club was founded in May 19, 1953 in green-yellow colours and had professionalship status in 1968 as Rizespor and changed its colours to blue-green. Since 1990, the team has been sponsored by the Turkish tea company Çaykur hence the name and the image of a tea leaf on the club's logo. Rizespor changed their name to Çaykur Rizespor, ahead of the 1990–91 season. The club plays its home games in Yeni Rize Şehir Stadium.
In the first anniversary year of the salvation from Russian occupation, the young generation of Rize found the first sports club of Rize in 1953. At first, the club was named Rize Idman Yurdu. In 1953, Suphi Bey and İsmail Kentay, a senior security chief in Ankara, were both highly involved laying the foundations of the club. The other founders were listed as Kalamozlu Ali Bey, Ali Kemal Kavrakoğlu, Memiş Kanburoğlu, Hamdi Tuzcuoğlu, Sadettin Türüt, Sabri Kolçak, Acente İbrahim, Lazoğlu Ahmet Bey. These people arranged a local with two rooms right next to the municipality building of Rize, where the club operated it's bureaucratic accounts. Rize İdman Yurdu participated in two different sports branches which were football and gymnastic. Meanwhile, an institution of music was also found, leading the first band of Rize. The entire instruments were gifted by the deputy of Lazistan, Süleyman Sudi Sofuoğlu Bey.
In June 25, 1923, Şark İdman Ocağı started to function at the property of a hotel called Barış Hotel. It was another soccer club found in Rize. The members of the council of founding fathers were Ali Kemal Kavrakoğlu, Rıfkı Tuzcuoğlu, İshak Turnaoğlu, Hamdullah Şadoğlu, Hasan Biber, Riyazi Diren and Kamil Karadeniz. "Even though fanatical groups took place back in the days, the existence of two rival clubs, functioning in one city, have always attracted an increasing capacity of spectators." 
A committee of 5 people, Yakup Temizel, Atıf Taviloğlu, İsmet Bilsel, Yaşar Tümbekçioğlu and Muharrem Kürkçü, found the club in 19 May 1953 at the 34th anniversary year of the start of Independence War. The intention was to enhance the physical and cultural talents of the youth as well as to contribute to the developments of Rize. Domestic cultivation of lemon citruses and oranges labeled the club colour to be yellow and being Rize's symbol, tea gardens, represented the colour green.
One of the founding members, Yaşar Dömlekçioğlu, was chosen the first president of the club.
During the amateur league years through 1953 to 1968, local-born players such as Ahmet Durmuş, Kenan Tiryaki, Mustafa Erol, İrfan Akaslan, Mahmut Salih Yavuz, Salih Kazancı, Ahmet Kemal Yavuz, Hamil Kazancı, Mustafa Veziroğlu, Yılmaz Özkan, Yılmaz Balta, Ahmet Fenci, Ekif Fence, Oktay Arayıcı, Abdullah Kıtır, Mustafa Kazdal, Abdullah Şeker and Ömer Çakır played for Rizespor. With the regulation changes in 1968, the club formed a professional club structure by the association of two clubs, Rize Güneşspor and Fenergençlik.The club started from the third division with the colours blue and green. At the end of a competitive season, as a result of a fight inside the game the club got punished with a forfeit as well as a deduction of 2 points which bereaved Rizespor from promotion that season. The punishment was the first time in the Turkish football history. In the coming period, the club did not get relegated and in 1978-1979, Rizespor won the title and qualified to play in the Turkish Super League for the first time in the club history.