Çorum Province

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Çorum Province
Province of Turkey
Location of Çorum Province in Turkey
Location of Çorum Province in Turkey
Country Turkey
Region Black Sea
Capital Çorum
Area
 • Total 12,820 km2 (4,950 sq mi)
Population (2010-12-31)[1]
 • Total 535,405
 • Density 42/km2 (110/sq mi)
Area code(s) 0364
Vehicle registration 19

Çorum (Turkish: Çorum İli) is a province in the Black Sea Region of Turkey, but lying inland and having more characteristics of Central Anatolia than the Black Sea coast.

Geography[edit]

The province of Çorum is a mixture of mountains and high plateaus, some of it watered by the Kızılırmak and Yeşilırmak rivers. The province includes much attractive high meadow and mountain for walking and excursions from the city and towns.

Kızılırmak and Taybı plain, İskilip


Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Average high °C 4.2 6.5 11.5 17.4 21.8 25.6 28.9 29.1 25.6 19.5 12.1 6.0
Ave. low °C -4.3 -3.8 -1.1 3.7 7.0 9.8 12.1 12.0 8.7 4.7 0.3 -2.3
source: www.meteor.gov.tr

History[edit]

The Lion Gate at Hattusa, Turkey. This was one of the two city gates. The arc is typical for Hittite architecture.

Excavations reveal that Çorum area was inhabited during the Paleolithic, Neolithic period and the 4th stage of the Calcolithic Age. Remains of these periods have been found at Büyük Güllüce, Eskiyapar and Kuşsaray.

In later times Çorum and its environs were dominated by Hittites and in the district of Boğazkale is one of the most important Hittite sites in Anatolia, the UNESCO World Heritage listed Hattusa, the capital of the Hittite Empire from 1700 BC to 1200 BC. Other important Hittite site include the open-air temples at Yazılıkaya and Alacahöyük; royal tombs; and the excavations of Boğazköy including tablets proving tradings links between the Hittites and the Ancient Egyptians.

Then came the other civilizations: Phrygians, who left remains at Pazarlı, north of Çorum;

Then Cimmerians, Medes, Persians, Galatians, Romans, Byzantines, Seljuk Turks, Danishmends, Mongol Empire (Ilkhanids), Eretnids, Kadi Burhan al-Din and finally the Ottoman Empire. As well as the Hittite archaeology the province also contains a number of castles, bridges and mosques from the Seljuk and Ottoman periods.

In 1980, Nationalist Movement Party millitants perpetrated the Çorum Massacre against the Alevi Turk minority, killing 57 and injuring more than 200.

Population[edit]

Population statistical of subprovinces
Subprovince 1831* 1849 1893 1907 1927 1950 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 2007
Çorum 10.075* 49.057 80.973 60.752 88.056 118.536 144.569 168.985 189.748 221.699
Alaca - - - - 26.787 46.444 54.315 56.657 56.724 53.403 53.193
Bayat - - - - - - 22.836 27.078 31.957 36.294 30.574
Boğazkale - - - - - - - - - 9.973 8.190
Dodurga - - - - - - - - - 13.550 10.439
İskilip 11.450* 43.442 43.271 52.362 53.722 66.611 55.618 67.434 72.569 52.569 45.327
Kargı - - - - - - 31.564 32.261 31.247 26.762 20.388
Laçin - - - - - - - - - 11.960 9.425
Mecitözü - - 31.928 1907 36.752 44.319 34.598 35.496 34.911 31.246 26.064
Oğuzlar - - - - - - - - - 11.154 9.083
Ortaköy - - - - - - 9.580 11.016 12.420 13.073 11.820
Osmancık 4.349* 17.639 29.473 29.184 33.494 42.960 53.849 63.018 52.490 53.758
Sungurlu 67.607 39.793 40.405 62.429 76.382 90.006 100.000 88.327 80.840
Uğurludağ - - - - - - - - - 18.111 16.265
Total 202.601 247.602 341.353 446.389 518.366 571.831 608.660 597.065
  • The census data of 1831 is only the central city, villages and towns are not included.
  • The boxes with (-) sign are the times the before the subprovince was a subprovince.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Turkish Statistical Institute, MS Excel document – Population of province/district centers and towns/villages and population growth rate by provinces

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 40°33′52″N 34°39′50″E / 40.56444°N 34.66389°E / 40.56444; 34.66389