Édouard Herriot

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Édouard Herriot
Édouard Herriot 01.jpg
Prime Minister of France
In office
15 June 1924 – 17 April 1925
Preceded by Frédéric François-Marsal
Succeeded by Paul Painlevé
In office
20 July 1926 – 23 July 1926
Preceded by Aristide Briand
Succeeded by Raymond Poincaré
In office
3 June 1932 – 18 December 1932
Preceded by André Tardieu
Succeeded by Joseph Paul-Boncour
Personal details
Born Édouard Marie Herriot
5 July 1872
Died March 26, 1957(1957-03-26) (aged 84)
Political party Radical

Édouard Marie Herriot (French: [edwaʁ ɛʁjo]; 5 July 1872 – 26 March 1957) was a French Radical politician of the Third Republic who served three times as Prime Minister and for many years as President of the Chamber of Deputies.

Hérriot was born at Troyes, France. He served as Mayor of Lyon from 1905 until his death, except for a brief period from 1942 to 1945, when he was exiled to Germany for opposing the Vichy regime. As mayor, Herriot improved relations between municipal government and local unions, increased public assistance funds, and launched an urban renewal programme,[1] amongst other measures. He died in Lyon, where he is buried at the Cimetière de Loyasse.

Herriot's First Ministry, 14 June 1924 – 17 April 1925[edit]

Changes

Herriot's Second Ministry, 19–23 July 1926[edit]

Herriot's Third Ministry, 3 June – 18 December 1932[edit]

Denial of the Holodomor[edit]

The height of denial of the Holodomor was reached during a visit to Ukraine carried out between August 26 and September 9, 1933, by French Prime Minister Édouard Herriot, who denied accounts of the famine and said that Soviet Ukraine was "like a garden in full bloom".[2]

Herriot declared to the press that there was no famine in Ukraine, that he did not see any trace of it, and that this showed adversaries of the Soviet Union were spreading the rumour. "When one believes that the Ukraine is devastated by famine, allow me to shrug my shoulders", he declared. The September 13, 1933 issue of Pravda was able to write that Herriot "categorically contradicted the lies of the bourgeoisie press in connection with a famine in the USSR."[3]

Political career[edit]

Governmental functions

Président of the Council of Ministers : 1924–1925 / 19–21 July 1926 / June–December 1932.

Minister of Transport, Public Works and Supply : 1916–1917.

Minister of Education and Fine Arts : 1926–1928.

Minister of Foreign Affairs : 1924–1925 / 19–21 July 1926 / June–December 1932.

Minister of State : 1934–1936.

Electoral mandates

National Assembly of France

President of the National Assembly of France : 1947–1954.

Member of the National Assembly of France for Rhône (department) : 1946–1957 (He died in 1957). Elected in 1946, reelected in 1951, 1956.

Constitutional Assembly

Member of the Constitutional Assembly for Rhône (department) : 1945–1946. Elected in 1945, reelected in June 1946.

Chamber of Deputies of France

President of the Chamber of Deputies of France : 1925–1926 / 1936–1940.

Member of the Chamber of Deputies of France for Rhône (department) : 1919–1942 (Dissolution of Parliament by Philippe Petain in 1942). Elected in 1919, reelected in 1924, 1928, 1932, 1936.

Senate of France

Senator of Rhône : 1912–1919. Elected in 1911.

General council

General councillor of Rhône (department) : 1945–1951.

Municipal Council

Mayor of Lyon : 1905–1942 (Deposition by Philippe Pétain in 1942) / 1945–1957 (He died in 1957). Reelected in 1908, 1912, 1919, 1925, 1929, 1935, 1945, 1947, 1953.

Municipal councillor of Lyon : 1904–1942 (Deposition by Philippe Pétain in 1942) / 1945–1957 (He died in 1957). Reelected in 1908, 1912, 1919, 1925, 1929, 1935, 1945, 1947, 1953.

Political functions

President of the Radical Party (France) : 1919–1926 / 1931–1936 / 1948–1953 / 1955–1957.

Trivia[edit]

Herriot was declared an honorary citizen of the city of Veliki Bečkerek (today Zrenjanin) in 1933. There is also a street with his name in Zrenjanin.

References[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
Marcel Sembat
Minister of Public Works and Transport
1916–1917
Succeeded by
Georges Desplas
Preceded by
Minister of Supply
1916–1917
Succeeded by
Maurice Viollette
Preceded by
Frédéric François-Marsal
President of the Council
1924–1925
Succeeded by
Paul Painlevé
Preceded by
Edmond Lefebvre du Prey
Minister of Foreign Affairs
1924–1925
Succeeded by
Aristide Briand
Preceded by
Paul Painlevé
President of the Chamber of Deputies
1925–1926
Succeeded by
Raoul Péret
Preceded by
Aristide Briand
President of the Council
1926
Succeeded by
Raymond Poincaré
Minister of Foreign Affairs
1926
Succeeded by
Aristide Briand
Preceded by
Édouard Daladier
Minister of Public Instruction
1926–1928
Succeeded by
Pierre Marraud
Preceded by
André Tardieu
President of the Council
1932
Succeeded by
Joseph Paul-Boncour
Minister of Foreign Affairs
1932
Preceded by
Minister of State
1934–1936
Succeeded by
Preceded by
Fernand Bouisson
President of the Chamber of Deputies
1936–1940
Succeeded by
Preceded by
Vincent Auriol
President of the National Assembly
1947–1954
Succeeded by
André Le Troquer
New office President of the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe
1949
Succeeded by
Paul-Henri Spaak