Épinal

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For the Épinal meteorite of 1822, see meteorite falls.
Épinal
The Moselle River
The Moselle River
Coat of arms of Épinal
Coat of arms
Épinal is located in France
Épinal
Épinal
Coordinates: 48°10′28″N 6°27′04″E / 48.1744°N 6.4512°E / 48.1744; 6.4512Coordinates: 48°10′28″N 6°27′04″E / 48.1744°N 6.4512°E / 48.1744; 6.4512
Country France
Region Lorraine
Department Vosges
Arrondissement Épinal
Canton Épinal-Est and Épinal-Ouest
Intercommunality Épinal-Golbey
Government
 • Mayor (2008–2014) Michel Heinrich
Area1 59.24 km2 (22.87 sq mi)
Population (2006)2 35,814
 • Density 600/km2 (1,600/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 88160 / 88000
Elevation 315–492 m (1,033–1,614 ft)
(avg. 340 m or 1,120 ft)
Website www.epinal.fr

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Épinal is a commune in northeastern France and the capital (prefecture) of the Vosges department. Inhabitants are known as Spinaliens.

Geography[edit]

The commune has a land area of 59.24 square kilometres (22.87 sq mi). It is situated on the Moselle River, 60 kilometres (37 miles) south of Nancy.

Main sights[edit]

The old town centre features the Place des Vosges, the Chapitre district, Saint-Maurice's Basilica, medieval castle remains and the Roman House (11th and 13th centuries). It is also known for its parks and gardens, as well as a large communal forest with arboretum (the Arboretum de la Forêt d'Épinal).

There are major fortifications, extended and maintained until the early 20th century. There is a legend, among the populace of Épinal, that Napoleon's ghost strolls the wall ramparts on 9 September of each year at 5:00 am It was on this day and at this time that, in 1811, Napoleon gave his first and last oration to the city of Épinal, wherein he addressed the challenges posed by northern expansion.

There is an American military cemetery on the outskirts of the town where United States service members killed in World War II are buried.

Famous Natives[edit]

Émile Durkheim, a founder of sociology, was born here in 1858.

Economy[edit]

Épinal is best known for the "Images d'Épinal" – which is now a common expression in French language – the popular prints created by a local company, the Imagerie d'Épinal, formerly known as the Imagerie Pellerin. These stencil-colored woodcuts of military subjects, Napoleonic history, storybook characters and other folk themes were widely distributed throughout the 19th century. The company still exists today, and still uses its hand-operated presses to produce the antique images. Other local industries include textiles, metals, morocco leather, precision instruments, and bicycles. There is a school of textile weaving.

Politics[edit]

Épinal is contained within Vosges' 1st constituency for elections to the National Assembly.

International relations[edit]

Twin towns — Sister cities[edit]

Épinal participates in town twinning to foster good international relations. Its current partners include:

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "British towns twinned with French towns [via WaybackMachine.com]". Archant Community Media Ltd. Archived from the original on 5 July 2013. Retrieved 2013-07-20. 
  2. ^ "Schwäbisch Hall and its twin towns". Stadt Schwäbisch Hall. Retrieved 2013-07-26. 
Épinal from the ruins of the castle


External links[edit]