Évaux-les-Bains

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Évaux-les-Bains
Presbitère-evaux.jpg
Coat of arms of Évaux-les-Bains
Coat of arms
Évaux-les-Bains is located in France
Évaux-les-Bains
Évaux-les-Bains
Coordinates: 46°10′33″N 2°29′13″E / 46.1758°N 2.4869°E / 46.1758; 2.4869Coordinates: 46°10′33″N 2°29′13″E / 46.1758°N 2.4869°E / 46.1758; 2.4869
Country France
Region Limousin
Department Creuse
Arrondissement Aubusson
Canton Évaux-les-Bains
Intercommunality Évaux-les-Bains Chambon-sur-Voueize
Government
 • Mayor (2008–2014) Bernard Campos
Area
 • Land1 45.55 km2 (17.59 sq mi)
Population (2008)
 • Population2 1,515
 • Population2 density 33/km2 (86/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 23076 / 23110
Elevation 292–560 m (958–1,837 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Évaux-les-Bains is a commune in the Creuse department in the Limousin region in central France.

History[edit]

A spa town founded by the Romans in the first century, who developed the thermal baths and called the place “Ivaonum”, possibly after a deity, Ivaos.
It became a place of pilgrimage after the sixth century, because of the tomb of the Christian hermit Marien.

A monastery was built here in the tenth century, but this was destroyed in the seventeenth century. It was the regional capital of the Combraille in the thirteenth century and was besieged during the Hundred Years War by the Routiers.

The Roman baths, abandoned since the fifth century, became popular again at the beginning of the 17th century and again in the nineteenth century.

Geography[edit]

An area of lakes and streams, forestry, farming and associated light industry, consisting of a small town and several hamlets situated between the valleys of the Cher and the Tardes Rivers, some 14 miles (23 km) southwest of Montlucon, at the junction of the D19, D20, D996 and the D915 roads. The commune is on the border with the department of Allier and is served by a TER railway link to Montlucon.

The river Tardes flows into the Cher in the commune, 7.5 km (4.7 mi) north of the town.

Population[edit]

Historical population
Year Pop.   ±%  
1962 1,771 —    
1968 1,822 +2.9%
1975 1,727 −5.2%
1982 1,810 +4.8%
1990 1,716 −5.2%
1999 1,545 −10.0%
2008 1,515 −1.9%

Sights[edit]

  • The church of St.Peter & Paul, dating from the eleventh century.
  • The seventeenth century châteaux of Relibert and Monterolle.
  • The church of Notre-Dame.
  • Remains of an old convent.
  • The chapel of Saint Marien.
  • Vestiges of the town gates and walls.
  • Châteaux de Relibert, Monterolle
  • Vestiges of the Roman baths.
  • The Tardes viaduct, by Gustave Eiffel.
  • The war memorial.
  • The eleventh-century chapel of Saint Radegonde.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]