Évora Municipality

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Évora
Municipality
Giraldo Square in Évora.
Giraldo Square in Évora.
Flag of Évora
Flag
Coat of arms of Évora
Coat of arms
Location in Portugal
Location in Portugal
Coordinates: 38°34′N 07°54′W / 38.567°N 7.900°W / 38.567; -7.900Coordinates: 38°34′N 07°54′W / 38.567°N 7.900°W / 38.567; -7.900
Country  Portugal
Region Alentejo
Subregion Alentejo Central
District/A.R. Évora
Government
 • Mayor Carlos Pinto de Sá (CDU)
Area
 • Total 1,307.03 km2 (504.65 sq mi)
Population
 • Total 55,619
 • Density 43/km2 (110/sq mi)
Parishes (no.) 12
Municipal holiday Saint Peter
June 29
Website http://www.cm-evora.pt/cmevora

Évora (Portuguese pronunciation: [ˈɛvuɾɐ] ( )) is a municipality in Portugal. The population in 2011 was 56,596,[1] in an area of 1307.03 km².[2] It is the seat of the Évora District and capital of the Alentejo region. It contains the city of Évora.

The present Mayor is Carlos Pinto de Sá of the CDU coalition. The municipal holiday is June 29.

Geography[edit]

Physical geography[edit]

Évora (altitude 300 m) is situated in Alentejo (southern Portugal). It is the chief city of the district. The seat of the municipality is the city of Évora, composed by the civil parishes of Santo Antão, São Mamede and Sé e São Pedro in the historical centre and the urban parishes of Bacelo, Horta das Figueiras, Malagueira and Senhora da Saúde outside the ancient city walls where most of the population in fact reside. The remaining civil parishes in the municipality are rural or suburban and do not form part of the city for statistic purposes.

The freeway that serves Évora is the A6/E90. The municipality can be reached by the following motor routes:

Travel time from Lisbon by car (due east) via the toll road[A6] is about one and a half hours. Secondary, scenic roads can be taken, but the trip time is much longer (up to 3 hours). Due to a limited amount of tourist signs, a list of interesting points compiled prior to driving a route to Évora is important. Motor assistance services are reasonable but aimed at local commerce, not tourism.

Climate[edit]

The weather tends to be warm and often hot (32-35°C), and rarely goes below 5 °C (41 °F) in winter.

Évora
Climate chart (explanation)
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
89
 
13
6
 
 
86
 
13
7
 
 
56
 
16
7
 
 
56
 
18
9
 
 
38
 
21
11
 
 
28
 
26
14
 
 
8
 
30
16
 
 
23
 
30
16
 
 
28
 
27
16
 
 
69
 
22
13
 
 
81
 
16
13
 
 
86
 
13
6
Average max. and min. temperatures in °C
Precipitation totals in mm
Source: www.weather.com

Human geography[edit]

Évora is in the heart of Alentejo region, an area consisting mostly of a soft rolling hills and plains. Alentejo's capital and largest city, Évora is a quite pleasant medium sized city and has numerous monuments. Due to its long history, monuments and buildings are its main attraction to outsiders. However there are numerous "Festas Populares" celebrating saints, holidays, "Feiras" (fairs) and cultural events (such as televised musical presentations) sponsored by the municipality and other organizations[3] Such events are so common that locals hardly make reference to them. The city's wonderful backdrop is often featured in concerts.

The municipality consists of the following 12 civil parishes:[4]

Economy[edit]

Évora is the chief city of the Alentejo region, and plays a role as an important agricultural and services center. It is home to several institutions with great importance for the region, like the state-run University of Évora and district hospital. Évora has tried to develop the aerospace sector, and expects soon Embraer industrial facilities.[5]

Évora, as well as the surrounding area, has many hotel, bed-and-breakfast and various styles of accommodation. From the very expensive - Convento do Espinheiro, Heritage Hotel & Spa - to camping sites, there is a great variety, with something for all tastes and budgets.

Transport[edit]

Évora can also be reached by bus or train. The construction of a high speed train link to Lisbon and Madrid is planned.

There is a small airfield, the Évora Municipal Airport, currently without commercial airline service. The closest major airports are: Beja, Lisbon, Faro and Badajoz.

References[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ Instituto Nacional de Estatística
  2. ^ Eurostat
  3. ^ Região de Turismo de Évora in Portuguese.
  4. ^ Diário de Notícias newspaper. "Law nr. 11-A/2013, page 552 46" (pdf) (in Portuguese). Retrieved 10 July 2014. 
  5. ^ (Portuguese)Évora aprova isenções fiscais aos projectos da Embraer, Diário Digital (22 August 2008)
Sources

External links[edit]