Usage in various languages
In Afrikaans, î is a punctuated form of i and a usage example includes "wîe", plural of "wig" (= wedge).
Î is used to represent the /iː/ sound.
Î is the 12th letter of the Kurdish Kurmanji alphabet and represents /iː/.
Î is a variant of I in Italian. It should be used when forming the plural of male nouns ending in "-io", to avoid placing the stress on the wrong syllable. Example: "principio" /prinˈtʃipjo/ (principle) has the plural "principî" /prinˈtʃipi/, while "principe" /ˈprintʃipe/ (prince) has "principi" /ˈprintʃipi/ as plural. However, the usage of Î in Italian is rapidly decreasing; most Italians write "principi" for the plurals of both "principio" and "principe".
Î is a letter which appears in several French words, like naître (to be born), abîme (abyss), maître (master), (crème) fraîche and more. Unlike Â, Ê, and Ô, the circumflex does not alter the pronunciation of î, nor does it alter û.
The circumflex usually denotes the exclusion of a letter (usually s) that was in a prior version of the word:
- voster became vôtre.
- abismus became abisme and then abîme.
- magister became maistre and then maître.
- The letter is sometimes used to denote a unit vector in mathematics.
|Charset||Unicode||ISO 8859-1, 2, 3, 4, 9, 10, 14, 15, 16|
Letter I with diacritics
|Í í||Ì ì||Ĭ ĭ||Î î||Ǐ ǐ||Ïï||Ḯḯ||Ĩĩ||Į į||Ī ī||Ỉ ỉ||Ȉ ȉ||Ȋ ȋ||Ị ị||Ḭ ḭ||Ɨ ɨ||ᵻ||ᶖ||İ i||I ı||ꟾ|
Letters using circumflex accent ( ◌̂ )