Île-aux-Moines

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Île-aux-Moines
Enizenac'h
The island lies in the Gulf of Morbihan
The island lies in the Gulf of Morbihan
Île-aux-Moines is located in France
Île-aux-Moines
Île-aux-Moines
Coordinates: 47°35′51″N 2°50′36″W / 47.5975°N 02.8433°W / 47.5975; -02.8433Coordinates: 47°35′51″N 2°50′36″W / 47.5975°N 02.8433°W / 47.5975; -02.8433
Country France
Region Brittany
Department Morbihan
Arrondissement Vannes
Canton Vannes-Ouest
Intercommunality Pays de Vannes
Government
 • Mayor (2008—2014) Jean Pressard
Area
 • Land1 3.20 km2 (1.24 sq mi)
Population (1999)
 • Population2 610
 • Population2 density 190/km2 (490/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 56087 / 56780
Elevation −1–31 m (−3.3–101.7 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Île-aux-Moines (Enizenac'h in Breton; the name means island of the monk(s)) is a commune in the Morbihan department in the region of Brittany in north-western France.

It is the largest island in the Gulf of Morbihan. It is one of two island communes of the Gulf, the other being Île-d'Arz.

Geography[edit]

Île-aux-Moines lies in the Gulf of Morbihan. It is 7 km (4.3 mi) by 5 km (3.1 mi), with an area of 3.1 square kilometres. It is in the shape of cross and nowhere on the island lies further than 450 metres from the water.

Access from the mainland is possible from Larmor-Baden or Port-Blanc.

History[edit]

Île-aux-Moines has been inhabited since the Neolithic period, as attested by the dolmens and other relics.

In 854, the then king of Brittany, Erispoe, gave a donation to the Abbey of Saint-Conwoïon in Redon, created by his father Nominoe. This became storage space of the abbey.

After the Norman invasions of the 10th century. the island was handed back to the parish of Arradon.

In 1453, it was given the status of parish.

In 1792 it became a commune in its own right.

Demographics[edit]

Inhabitants of Île-aux-Moines are called Ilois.

Monuments[edit]

There are many megalithic relics on the south side:

  • The cromlech of Kergonan, in the middle of the island, with a radius of more than 70 metres, is one of Europe's biggest.
  • The dolmen of Penhap, 5 kilometres from the main town, is the most well-conserved on the island.
  • Crucifices can be found at Trec'h, Brouel and Le Nioul, as well as on Kerno.
  • The St Michel Chapel

See also[edit]

External links[edit]