The medieval wall of the Castle of Óbidos dividing the town from the rest of the municipality
|Official name: Concelho de Óbidos|
|Civil Parishes||A dos Negros, Amoreira, Gaeiras, Olho Marinho, Santa Maria, São Pedro, Sobral da Lagoa, Usseira, Vau|
|- elevation||49 m (161 ft)|
|Lowest point||Sea level|
|- location||Atlantic Ocean|
|- elevation||0 m (0 ft)|
|Length||20.97 km (13 mi), Northwest-Southeast|
|Width||12.55 km (8 mi), North-South|
|Area||141.55 km2 (55 sq mi)|
|Density||76.82 / km2 (199 / sq mi)|
|President||Telmo Henrique Correia Daniel Faria (PPD-PSD)|
|Municipal Chair||Feliciano José Barreiras Duarte (PPD-PSD)|
|- summer (DST)||WEST (UTC+1)|
|ISO 3166-2 code||PT-|
|Postal Zone||2510-086 Óbidos|
|Area Code & Prefix||(+351) 295 XXX XXX|
|Patron Saint||Santa Maria|
|Municipal Address||Edifício dos Paços do Concelho, Largo de S. Pedro
|Municipal Holidays||11 January|
Location of the municipality of Óbidos in continental Portugal
|Wikimedia Commons: Óbidos|
|Statistics from INE (2001); geographic detail from Instituto Geográfico Português (2010)|
Óbidos is a municipality of 10,875 inhabitants (2001), in the Oeste Subregion of the Centro Region in continental Portugal (part of the older district of Leiria), its municipal seat is the town of Óbidos. The municipality covers an area of 141.55 km², bounded by in the northeast and east by Caldas da Rainha, in the south by Bombarral, in the southeast by Lourinhã, in the west by Peniche and fronting the Atlantic Ocean.
The origin of the municipality had its beginnings in an early Roman settlement near the foothills of an elevated escarpment. The region of Óbidos, that extended from the Atlantic to the interior of the Estremadura Province. along the rivers and lakes, has been inhabited since the late Paleolithic. A settlement was constructed by early Celt tribes, that was later a centre of trade for the Phoenicians. Archeological evidence from the base of the medieval tower (south of Facho) at Óbidos Castle indicates that evidence of Roman construction, that is linked to an outpot of the Roman civitas of Eburobrittium, a large urban area that has been under excavation.
On 11 January 1148, the first king of Portugal, Afonso Henriques, supported by Gonçalo Mendes da Maia, took Óbidos from north African Arabs, after encircling their battlements. Óbidos was then a Moorish outpost, protected by a pentagonal defensive line, but taken by the Portuguese it was a base for Templar raids.
With the gift of Óbidos, as a wedding gift between King Dinis and Queen Elizabeth, the settlement began to pertain to the Queen's patrimony; in fact, the village was referred to as the town of the Queens until 1834, since many of the royal consorts visited or stayed in Óbidos or regularly contributed funds to the settlement. Queen Catherine constructed an aqueduct and fountain system during her stay.
The 1755 earthquake caused damages to the walls of the village, a few temples and many buildings and resulting in the loss of Arab- or Medieval-inspire architecture. Similarly, the Peninsular Wars were fought in the vicinity of Óbidos, including the Battle of Roliça, which was the liturgical centrer of the community.
Administratively, the municipality is divided into nine civil parishes, that include:
The town has a magnificent castle, now hosting a pousada. The municipality is also home to the well known and prestigious Praia D'el Rey golf complex, one of the top golf resorts in Europe.
- Óbidos Patrimonium (ed.). "Resumo Histórico" (in Portuguese). Óbidos, Portugal: Câmara Municipal de Óbidos.