and Italy (South Tyrol)
|Frequency||FM: 87.6 – 97.7 MHz
Shortwave: 6155 kHz (07:00–08:15 CET)
Astra 1H: 12.66275 GHz, Transp. 115
|First air date||1 October 1967|
|Format||Classical, jazz, world music, news, drama, culture, arts|
|Audience share||6% (December 2012, )|
Österreich 1 (Ö1) is an Austrian radio station: one of the four national channels operated by Austria's public broadcaster ORF. It focuses on classical music and opera, jazz, documentaries and features, news, radio plays and dramas, Kabarett, quiz shows, and discussions.
Ö1's programming mix of information, culture, music, literature, education, science and religion is relayed worldwide (with just a few changes from the domestic schedule) as Radio Österreich 1 International, aimed at Austrians living abroad as well as a global audience interested in Austria. Ö1 broadcasts news in German, English and French.
The channel was launched by on 1 October 1967 as part of an exercise which saw the ORF's radio output reorganized into three numbered services, the other two being the regional stations grouped as Ö2 and the pop music channel Ö3.
Earlier, in 1964, there had been a petition for a national referendum, whereby more than 800,000 citizens declared themselves against ideological appointments of key positions within the public broadcasting service by the Austrian grand coalition government of Chancellor Alfons Gorbach (ÖVP) and Vice-Chancellor Bruno Pittermann (SPÖ) according to the Austrian Proporz system. Two years later, a legal regulation of a nonpartisan broadcasting was passed by the National Council parliament, entailing a relaunch of the ORF radio stations.
Ö1 was designated to comply with the public educational mandate (Bildungsauftrag) and to offer a broadly cultural program for an artistically inclined audience. Up to today, one focus is on news broadcasts like one-hour Mittagsjournal ("Noon Journal") or Morgenjournal ("Morning Journal"), launched in the course of the coverage of the 1968 Prague Spring. Beside established programmes as Du holde Kunst first aired in 1945, Ö1 since the 1970s also broadcasts radio documentaries (Hörbilder), music programmes beyond the strictly classical canon (Pasticcio, Spielräume), and several recurring reports on everyday life in a feuilleton style like Der Schalldämpfer by Axel Corti (discontinued upon his death in 1993). Similar to other classical music radio stations, Ö1 has to bear with the tension between an elitist "Hofrat widow broadcaster" and a "Classic FM" popularisation, with the station's style and scheduling a matter of ongoing debates.
Ö1 broadcasts from Funkhaus Wien on Argentinierstrasse in the Wieden district of Vienna. The current station identification was composed by the jazz musician Werner Pirchner in 1994, the slogan Ö1 gehört gehört—a pun on "to be heard" in German conforming with "ought to"—was created by the author Wolf Haas.
Since 2010 a 75-minute altered block of programming is broadcast every morning on the shortwave frequencies of former Radio Österreich International as Ö1 International. Ö1 internet radio can also be listened to live on the ORF website through streaming audio, the programmes can also be heard for a week after broadcast at no charge. Several are available as downloads and podcasts.
|Alte Musik – neu interpretiert||Music||Presented by Bernhard Trebuch, live from the ORF KulturCafé.|
|Ambiente – von der Kunst des Reisens||Travel||Specializing in Western Europe, presented by Ursula Burkert|
|Apropos Oper||Music||Magazine of the Vienna State Opera|
|Contra – Kabarett und Kleinkunst||Culture||Information on various theatre groups|
|Diagonal – Radio für Zeitgenossen||Culture and society||Monthly magazine on the newest CDs|
|Dimensionen – die Welt der Wissenschaft||Science||Various articles on science and history topics|
|Du holde Kunst||Culture||Presentation of artists and their work|
|Erfüllte Zeit||Religion||Features on world religions|
|Ex libris – das Bücherradio||Literature||Modern book discussions and analyses|
|Ganz Ich - Wohlfühlen mit Ö1||Society||Information on leading a healthy and fit life|
|gehört.gewusst. - das Ö1 Quiz||Quizshow||Chaired by Doris Glaser|
|help - das Konsumentenmagazin||Consumerism||Consumer information, tips and help|
|Hörbilder||Culture||Information and geography of foreign countries|
|Kabarett direkt||Culture||Stories related to the season at that time|
|Ö1 Klassik-Treffpunkt||Music||Interviews live from the ORF KulturCafé|
|Kontext – Sachbücher und Themen||Information||Magazine on various topics and their facts|
|Kunstradio – Radiokunst||Music||Documenting the arts|
|Leporello: Menschen – Moden – Lebenskunst||Society||Looking at life in different countries|
|Matinee live||Music||Live music broadcast in Dolby Digital|
|matrix – computer & neue medien||Information Technology||Computers and new media|
|Menschenbilder||Society||Portraits of famous musicians|
|Mittagsjournal||News||Midday news magazine|
|Moment – Leben heute||Society||A magazine looking at modern life|
|Morgenjournal||News||Morning news magazine|
|Motive – aus dem evangelischen Leben||Religion||For Protestants|
|Pasticcio||Music||Short classical pieces|
|Patina||Curiosities||Interesting discoveries from the ORF archives|
|Praxis – Religion und Gesellschaft||Religion and Society||How society and religion mix|
|Radiogeschichten||Culture||Biographies of famous artists|
|Radiodoktor - das Ö1 Gesundheitsmagazin||Health||Magazine on health topics|
|Religion Aktuell||Information||News about religion|
|Rudi Radiohund||Children||Stories and games|
|Synchron – das Filmmagazin||Movies||Latest film reviews and commentaries|
|Terra incognita||Culture||Portraits of different countries and their culture|
|Texte – neue Literatur aus Österreich||Literature||Readings of Austrian short stories|
|Tonspuren||Culture||Portraits of book and play authors|
|Von Tag zu Tag||History||Different styles and different truths in historical science|