Öndörkhaan

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Öndörkhaan
Өндөрхаан
ᠥᠨᠳᠦᠷᠬᠠᠨ
District
Kherlen District
Хэрлэн сум
ᠬᠡᠷᠦᠯᠦᠨᠰᠤᠮᠤ
In the Öndörkhaan Museum complex
In the Öndörkhaan Museum complex
Öndörkhaan is located in Mongolia
Öndörkhaan
Öndörkhaan
Coordinates: 47°19′N 110°39′E / 47.317°N 110.650°E / 47.317; 110.650
Country Mongolia
Province Khentii Province
Elevation 1,027 m (3,369 ft)
Population (2010)
 • Total 18,140
Time zone UTC + 8 (UTC+8)

Öndörkhaan (Mongolian: Өндөрхаан; ᠥᠨᠳᠦᠷᠬᠠᠨ; sometimes Undurkhaan), is a town in Mongolia located 290 km east of Ulaanbaatar. The Mongolian Parliament, State Great Khural, renamed the city Chinggis City on November 18, 2013 in honor of Genghis Khan, who was born and possibly buried in the same province north of the city.[1] Öndörkhaan has a population of roughly 15,000 persons and serves as the capital of the Khentii Aimag (province). Öndörkhaan officially known as Kherlen sum.

Geography and climate[edit]

Öndörkhaan shares its location with the Kherlen sum (municipality) and is the most populous part of the Khentii province.

Öndörkhaan experiences a semi-arid climate (Köppen BSk) with long, dry, frigid winters and short, very warm summers. Öndörkhaan is the second coldest city in Mongolia[citation needed]. It borders the Kherlen River and is located on a broad flat unprotected plain. In winter, when the river freezes over and the winds howl across the open steppe it can easily reach -40C (no wind chill factor).

Climate data for Öndörkhaan
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 0.2
(32.4)
7.2
(45)
19.4
(66.9)
27.1
(80.8)
35.3
(95.5)
38.5
(101.3)
37.7
(99.9)
36.6
(97.9)
30.4
(86.7)
31.7
(89.1)
14.6
(58.3)
7.5
(45.5)
38.5
(101.3)
Average high °C (°F) −15.0
(5)
−10.4
(13.3)
0.2
(32.4)
10.8
(51.4)
19.2
(66.6)
24.0
(75.2)
25.4
(77.7)
23.5
(74.3)
17.7
(63.9)
9.3
(48.7)
−3.9
(25)
−12.6
(9.3)
7.35
(45.23)
Daily mean °C (°F) −22.4
(−8.3)
−19.2
(−2.6)
−8.9
(16)
2.3
(36.1)
10.6
(51.1)
16.4
(61.5)
18.5
(65.3)
16.5
(61.7)
9.4
(48.9)
0.6
(33.1)
−11.6
(11.1)
−19.8
(−3.6)
−0.63
(30.86)
Average low °C (°F) −27.9
(−18.2)
−26.9
(−16.4)
−16.6
(2.1)
−5.8
(21.6)
2.2
(36)
9.2
(48.6)
12.0
(53.6)
10.1
(50.2)
2.8
(37)
−5.9
(21.4)
−17.7
(0.1)
−25.4
(−13.7)
−7.49
(18.53)
Record low °C (°F) −44.1
(−47.4)
−43.2
(−45.8)
−38.2
(−36.8)
−20.8
(−5.4)
−13.7
(7.3)
−3.0
(26.6)
1.2
(34.2)
−1.9
(28.6)
−10.8
(12.6)
−24.1
(−11.4)
−35.3
(−31.5)
−42.9
(−45.2)
−44.1
(−47.4)
Precipitation mm (inches) 1.2
(0.047)
2.6
(0.102)
2.5
(0.098)
7.9
(0.311)
15.0
(0.591)
42.2
(1.661)
65.4
(2.575)
49.4
(1.945)
23.4
(0.921)
8.2
(0.323)
3.3
(0.13)
2.4
(0.094)
223.5
(8.798)
Avg. precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm) 0.5 0.4 0.8 1.7 2.7 6.3 10.1 8.5 4.1 2.3 1.1 0.9 39.4
Source: NOAA (1961-1990) [2]

Economy[edit]

Coal mining is important to the economy of the town and Chandgana Tal coalfield is located 53 km E from Öndörkhaan.

There exists a major United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) Networking and Cluster Development project stationed in Öndörkhaan specializing in the strengthen of urban, peri-urban and rural business associations and networks so as to reduce the very high unemployment rates.

Transportation[edit]

The Öndörkhaan Airport (UNR/ZMUH) has one unpaved runway and was serviced by regular flights from and to Ulan Bator, before the paved highway was completed.

The town serves as a transportation hub, linking Ulaanbaatar and Choibalsan.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Coordinates: 47°19′24″N 110°39′40″E / 47.32333°N 110.66111°E / 47.32333; 110.66111