Örebro

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Örebro
Örebro Castle
Örebro Castle
Coat of arms of Örebro
Coat of arms
Örebro is located in Sweden
Örebro
Örebro
Coordinates: 59°16′26″N 15°12′27″E / 59.27389°N 15.20750°E / 59.27389; 15.20750Coordinates: 59°16′26″N 15°12′27″E / 59.27389°N 15.20750°E / 59.27389; 15.20750
Country Sweden
Province Närke
County Örebro County
Municipality Örebro Municipality
Charter 1404
Area[1]
 • City 49.27 km2 (19.02 sq mi)
 • Metro 1,380.11 km2 (532.86 sq mi)
Elevation 34 m (112 ft)
Population (31 December 2010)[1]
 • City 140,599
 • Density 2,172/km2 (5,630/sq mi)
 • Metro 140,295
Demonym Örebroare
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 701 xx, 703 xx
Area code(s) (+46) 19
Website www.orebro.se

Örebro [œrəˈbruː] is a city, the seat of Örebro Municipality and the capital of Örebro County in Sweden with 140,599 inhabitants in 2013.[1] It is the sixth biggest city in Sweden and one of the largest inland hubs of the country.

History[edit]

Örebro circa 1700, in Suecia antiqua et hodierna, with the castle in the middle.

Örebro received its Royal Charter and city privileges not later than 1404.

Örebro literally means a bridge over gravel banks, which is how the geography looks, with the stream Svartån draining into the lake Hjälmaren. The location became a natural seat of commerce in the Scandinavian Middle Ages and is mentioned in print in the 13th century. Old buildings from the early days include the foundations of the city church, a building which has undergone several modifications. The natural center of the city is otherwise the magnificent Örebro Castle, situated on an islet in the Svartån, and dividing the town into a northern and a southern part. This castle was constructed during the stewardship of Birger Jarl during the early 13th century and then modified and enlarged during the reign of King Gustav Vasa in the 1560s.

Notable events in Örebro's history include the national diet meeting at Örebro in 1810, where Jean-Baptiste Bernadotte was elected crown prince of Sweden.

Although a trade town, Örebro remained small until the second half of the 19th century, when it grew rapidly as a center of the national shoe-manufacturing industry (see: History of Närke).

Geography and climate[edit]

Örebro, like the rest of the area close to Mälardalen, has a cold, temperate, humid continental climate (Köppen Dfb) that is made milder by the proximity to water and the Gulf Stream which makes it relatively close to oceanic climates. Summer temperatures occasionally exceed 30 °C (86 °F) albeit not yearly, and temperatures above 5 °C (41 °F) are rare in winter, although frost-free nights sometimes occur. During cold winters, Örebro receives plenty of snowfall. Örebro is far more prone than coastal areas to really harsh frosts with temperatures below -20° happening pretty much every winter according to SMHI statistics. During the 21st century, the record heat is 33 °C (91 °F) on 11 July 2010.[2] This was equalled on August 3, 2014, with local SMHI data even suggesting 34 °C (93 °F) at the time [3] The lowest recorded temperature in modern times was during the extreme Scandinavian coldwave of January 2010 with −28 °C (−18 °F) according to the same SMHI source as earlier mentioned.

Climate data for Örebro
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) −1
(30)
−1
(30)
4
(39)
9
(48)
16
(61)
20
(68)
22.5
(72.5)
20
(68)
17
(63)
9
(48)
4
(39)
1
(34)
10
(50)
Daily mean °C (°F) −4
(25)
−4
(25)
−2
(28)
4.5
(40.1)
10
(50)
14.5
(58.1)
17.5
(63.5)
15.5
(59.9)
12.5
(54.5)
6
(43)
1.5
(34.7)
−2
(28)
5.83
(42.48)
Average low °C (°F) −7
(19)
−7
(19)
−4
(25)
0
(32)
5
(41)
10
(50)
13
(55)
11
(52)
8
(46)
3
(37)
−1
(30)
−4
(25)
3.5
(38.3)
Precipitation mm (inches) 38
(1.5)
36
(1.42)
23
(0.91)
35
(1.38)
45
(1.77)
65
(2.56)
94
(3.7)
41
(1.61)
49
(1.93)
69
(2.72)
57
(2.24)
52
(2.05)
604
(23.78)
Source #1: MSN Weather[4]
Source #2: Accuweather average data[5]

Demography[edit]

Sites of interest[edit]

The watertower Svampen (The Mushroom). A restaurant is located at the top of the building.

Örebro's old town, Wadköping, is located on the banks of the Svartån (black stream). It contains many 18th and 19th century wooden houses, along with museums and exhibitions. The water tower of Örebro, named Svampen (The Mushroom), is a popular destination as an outlook tower. In 1971, a replica of the tower was built in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.[citation needed]

Culture[edit]

  • Swedish Chamber Orchestra
  • Örebro is the hometown of the punk-rock band Millencolin. They named one of their albums Pennybridge Pioneers, where Pennybridge stands for Örebro as a colloquial translation into English.
  • The influential and highly popular grind band Nasum were formed in Örebro.
  • Örebro is one of the public broadcaster SVT's 12 local news districts and has television premises located in the city.

Örebro has hosted a contemporary art exhibition called Open Art on four occasions: in 2008, 2009, 2011 and 2013. In 2013, the exhibition featured works by 90 artists from Sweden and many other countries throughout the world.[6] The fifth edition of the exhibition is planned for the summer of 2015.[7]

Örebro University is one of Sweden's most recent, being upgraded from högskola (university college) in 1999. It currently has around 16,000 students and a staff of 1,100. Gustavsvik, the largest water park in the Nordic countries, is located just a kilometer south of central Örebro. With more than 700,000 visitors per year, it is one of the most popular tourist and leisure establishments in Sweden. Only Liseberg, Gröna Lund and Skansen are more popular. In the summer the manor of Karlslund is a very popular place to visit.

Gallery[edit]

Sports[edit]

Football[edit]

Floorball[edit]

Other sports[edit]

Karlslunds IF is a multi-sports club specialising in American Football, Bandy, Baseball/Softball, Bowling, Football, Gymnastics, Skiing and Swimming.

Notable people[edit]

Actors
  • Fares Fares (born 1973), Lebanese-Swedish actor
  • Josef Fares (born 1977), Lebanese-Swedish film director
  • Mary Stävin (born 1957), Miss Sweden World 1977, Miss World 1977
Musicians
Politicians
Religion
Scientists and engineers
Sportspeople
Writers

Twin towns - Sister cities[edit]

Örebro is twinned with [8]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]