|• City||49.27 km2 (19.02 sq mi)|
|• Metro||1,380.11 km2 (532.86 sq mi)|
|Elevation||34 m (112 ft)|
|Population (31 December 2010)|
|• Density||2,172/km2 (5,630/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
|Postal code||701 xx, 703 xx|
|Area code(s)||(+46) 19|
Örebro [œrəˈbruː] is a city, the seat of Örebro Municipality and the capital of Örebro County in Sweden with 140,599 inhabitants in 2013. It is the sixth biggest city in Sweden and one of the largest inland hubs of the country.
|This section does not cite any references or sources. (May 2013)|
Örebro received its Royal Charter and city privileges not later than 1404.
Örebro literally means a bridge over gravel banks, which is how the geography looks, with the stream Svartån draining into the lake Hjälmaren. The location became a natural seat of commerce in the Scandinavian Middle Ages and is mentioned in print in the 13th century. Old buildings from the early days include the foundations of the city church, a building which has undergone several modifications. The natural center of the city is otherwise the magnificent Örebro Castle, situated on an islet in the Svartån, and dividing the town into a northern and a southern part. This castle was constructed during the stewardship of Birger Jarl during the early 13th century and then modified and enlarged during the reign of King Gustav Vasa in the 1560s.
Geography and climate
Örebro, like the rest of the area close to Mälardalen, has a cold, temperate, humid continental climate (Köppen Dfb) that is made milder by the proximity to water and the Gulf Stream which makes it a borderline oceanic climate. Summer temperatures occasionally exceed 30°, and temperatures above 5° are rare in winter. During cold winters, Örebro receives plenty of snowfall. Örebro is far more prone than coastal areas to really harsh frosts with temperatures below -20° happening pretty much every winter according to SMHI statistics.
|Climate data for Örebro|
|Average high °C (°F)||0
|Daily mean °C (°F)||−2.0
|Average low °C (°F)||−4
|Precipitation mm (inches)||38
|Source: MSN Weather|
Sites of interest
Örebro's old town, Wadköping, is located on the banks of the Svartån (black stream). It contains many 18th and 19th century wooden houses, along with museums and exhibitions. The water tower of Örebro, named Svampen (The Mushroom), is a popular destination as an outlook tower. In 1971, a replica of the tower was built in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.
Rebel leader Engelbrekt in front of Örebro City Hall.
- Swedish Chamber Orchestra
- Örebro is the hometown of the punk-rock band Millencolin. They named one of their albums Pennybridge Pioneers, where Pennybridge stands for Örebro as a colloquial translation into English.
- The influential and highly popular grind band Nasum were formed in Örebro.
- Örebro is one of the public broadcaster SVT's 12 local news districts and has television premises located in the city.
Örebro University is one of Sweden's most recent, being upgraded from högskola (university college) in 1999. It currently has around 16,000 students and a staff of 1,100. Gustavsvik, the largest water park in the Nordic countries, is located just a kilometer south of central Örebro. With more than 700,000 visitors per year, it is one of the most popular tourist and leisure establishments in Sweden. Only Liseberg, Gröna Lund and Skansen are more popular. In the summer the manor of Karlslund is a very popular place to visit.
Olaus Petri Church
Nerikes Allehanda, the local newspaper's current offices in Örebro.
View over Örebro Watertower Svampen with the mountain ridge Kilsbergen in the background.
Allehandaborgen from Svartån river.
- Örebro SK are the most popular football team in Örebro County. The club was founded in 1908 and the team currently play in the first division in Sweden (Allsvenskan).
- KIF Örebro DFF play in the highest level of women's soccer leagues in Sweden (Damallsvenskan).
- BK Forward currently play in Division 1 Norra.
- Örebro SK Ungdom currently playing in Division 2 Norra Götaland.
- Rynninge IK currently play in Division 2 Norra Götaland.
- IFK Örebro currently play in Division 3 Västra Svealand.
- Karlslunds IF HFK currently play in Division 3 Västra Svealand.
- Örebro Syrianska BK currently play in Division 3 Västra Svealand.
- Adolfsbergs IK currently play in Division 4 Örebro.
- FK Bosna 92 currently play in Division 4 Örebro.
- Örebro Volley play in the highest level of women's volleyball leagues in Sweden. They have won the league ten times.
- Örebro HK currently play in Swedish Hockey League (the highest level) since the 2013–14 season, having been promoted in the 2012–13 season.
- Örebro Black Knights are an American football Club that played in the Swedish Championship Finals in 1998 and 1999.
- Örebro Universitets IF Rugby
Karlslunds IF is a multi-sports club specialising in American Football, Bandy, Baseball/Softball, Bowling, Football, Gymnastics, Skiing and Swimming.
- Fares Fares (born 1973), Lebanese-Swedish actor
- Josef Fares (born 1977), Lebanese-Swedish film director
- Mary Stävin (born 1957), Miss Sweden World 1977, Miss World 1977
- Jens Bogren (born 1979), record producer
- Stephan Berg (born 1957), composer and songwriter
- Rob Marcello (born 1977), guitar player
- Nina Persson (born 1974), singer
- Mats Ronander (born 1954), singer, guitar player, and composer
- Dan Swanö (born 1973), singer and multi-instrumentalist
- Jasmine Kara (born 1988), singer
- Dead Man (2003–present), psychedelic folk rock band
- Lolita Pop (1979–1992), rock band
- Millencolin (1992–present), punk rock band
- Nasum (1992–present), grindcore band
- Spetsnaz (2001–present), electronic band
- Truckfighters (2001–present), rock band
- Witchcraft (2000–present), doom metal band
- Henry Allard (1911–1996), politician
- Leni Björklund (born 1944), politician
- Engelbrekt Engelbrektsson, (1390s–1436), rebel leader and statesman
- Sten Tolgfors (born 1966), politician and businessman
- Olof Daniel Westling (Prince Daniel; born 1973), husband of Crown Princess Victoria
- John Ongman (1844–1931), pastor
- Laurentius Petri (1499–1573), clergyman
- Olaus Petri (1493–1552), clergyman and reformer
- Scientists and engineers
- Manne Siegbahn (1886–1978), physicist
- Gunnar A. Sjögren (1920–1996), automobile designer
- Jonas Wenström (1855–1893), engineer and inventor
- Bertil Lindblad (1895-1965), astronomer
- Peter Andersson (born 1965), ice hockey player
- Christian Berglund (born 1980), ice hockey player
- Orvar Bergmark (1930–2004), football and bandy player
- Stig Blomqvist (born 1946), rally driver.
- Hasse Borg (born 1953), football player
- Magnus Erlingmark (born 1968), football player
- Emilia Fahlin (born 1988), cyclist
- Richard Göransson (born 1978), racing driver
- Carl Gunnarsson (born 1986), ice hockey player
- Oscar Jansson (born 1990), football player
- Fredrik Lindgren (born 1985), motorcycle speedway rider
- Ludvig Lindgren (born 1990), motorcycle speedway rider
- Tomas Nordahl (boen 1946), football player and commentator
- Ronnie Peterson (1944–1978), racing driver
- Johan Röjler (born 1981), ice speed skater
- Emra Tahirović (born 1987), Bosnian-Swedish football player
- Caroline Bergius (born 1989), Handball player
Twin towns - Sister cities
- "Localities 2010, area, population and density in localities 2005 and 2010 and change in area and population". Statistics Sweden. 29 May 2012. Archived from the original on 17 December 2012.
- "Weather Information for Örebro". World Weather Information Service. Retrieved 1 January 2009.
- Vänorter - http://www.orebro.se/2444.html:
- "Miasta partnerskie - Urząd Miasta Łodzi [via WaybackMachine.com]". City of Łódź (in Polish). Archived from the original on 24 June 2013. Retrieved 2013-07-21.
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|Wikisource has the text of the Encyclopaedia Britannica (9th ed.) article Örebro.|