× Citrofortunella mitis

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×Citrofortunella mitis
Musk Lime
Calamondin Orange.JPG
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Sapindales
Family: Rutaceae
Genus: ×Citrofortunella
Species: ×C. mitis
Binomial name
×Citrofortunella mitis
(Blanco) J. Ingram & H.E. Moore[1]
  • Citrus madurensis[1]

The × Citrofortunella mitis is a hybrid species in the family Rutaceae. Its common names include: Musk lime, Panama orange,[2] and Calamondin orange.

The plant is native to China and is one of the cold-hardiest citrus.[3] It is the hybrid between mandarin orange and kumquat.[4]


×Citrofortunella mitis is a fairly small tree growing between 6.5 ft and 25 ft (2-7.5m) and is quite slender. The branches can be slightly thorny in places and has an extremely deep taproot.[5]


A Musk Lime, ×Citrofortunella mitis, growing in a garden pot.
Musk Lime, a fragrant flower close-up.

×Citrofortunella mitis is cultivated as an ornamental plant, for planting in gardens and in pots and container gardens on patios and terraces. Its creamy-green foliage and edible fruit make it desirable for landscaping use. In the spring and summer the musk lime blooms with fragrant white or off-white flowers.[6]

The fruits are sometimes sour and are primarily used for cooking.[6]

The juice can be used in place of that of the common Persian or Bearss lime.[7]

The juice is sometimes used against the itching caused by insect bites. The musk lime is used medicinally in many ways, such as the bleaching of freckles or as a natural deodorant.[7]

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