Ørland

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Ørland kommune
Municipality
Orlandkommuneskyline.jpg
Coat of arms of Ørland kommune
Coat of arms
Official logo of Ørland kommune
Sør-Trøndelag within
Norway
Ørland within Sør-Trøndelag
Ørland within Sør-Trøndelag
Coordinates: 63°42′32″N 9°36′38″E / 63.70889°N 9.61056°E / 63.70889; 9.61056Coordinates: 63°42′32″N 9°36′38″E / 63.70889°N 9.61056°E / 63.70889; 9.61056
Country Norway
County Sør-Trøndelag
District Fosen
Administrative centre Brekstad
Government
 • Mayor (2003) Hallgeir Grøntvedt (Sp)
Area
 • Total 73.56 km2 (28.40 sq mi)
 • Land 73.43 km2 (28.35 sq mi)
 • Water 0.08 km2 (0.03 sq mi)
Area rank 401 in Norway
Population (2010)
 • Total 5,121
 • Rank 189 in Norway
 • Density 69.7/km2 (181/sq mi)
 • Change (10 years) 1.7 %
Demonym Ørlending[1]
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
ISO 3166 code NO-1621
Official language form Bokmål
Website www.orland.kommune.no
Data from Statistics Norway
Map of Ørland

Ørland is a municipality in Sør-Trøndelag county, Norway. It is part of the Fosen region. The administrative centre of the municipality is the town of Brekstad. Other villages include Uthaug, Opphaug, and Ottersbo. Brekstad declared itself to be a town in 2005.

Ørland is located at the southwestern tip of the Fosen peninsula at the northern shore of the mouth of Trondheimsfjord where the Stjørnfjord arm begins.

General information[edit]

The municipality of Ørland was established on 1 January 1838 (see formannskapsdistrikt). In 1853, the northern district of Bjugn was separated to become a municipality of its own. This left Ørland with 3,361 residents. On 1 January 1896, the southern district of Værnes was separated from Ørland to become the municipality of Agdenes. After the division, Ørland had 3,649 residents.[2]

Name[edit]

The Old Norse form of the name was Yrjar. This is a plural form derived from aurr which means "gravel". The last element land was added in the 16th century (spelled "Ørieland" in 1590).[3]

Coat-of-arms[edit]

The coat-of-arms is from modern times. They were granted on 9 February 1979. The arms are derived from the arms of Inger, Lady of Austraat, a noblewoman who lived in Austrått manor, Ørland from 1488–1555 and who played a major role in the history of the area. She was later portrayed by Henrik Ibsen in his play Lady Inger of Ostrat.[4]

Churches[edit]

The Church of Norway has one parish (sokn) within the municipality of Ørland. It is part of the Deanery (prosti) of Fosen and the Diocese of Nidaros.

Churches in Ørland
Parish
(Sokn)
Church Name Year Built Location
of the Church
Ørland Ørland kirke 1342 Brekstad
Storfosna kirke 1915 Storfosna

Geography[edit]

Ørland is coastal lowland

Ørland is largely flat lowland, and rather windy as it faces the Norwegian Sea to the west with the Trondheimsfjord and the mouth of the Stjørnfjord to the east. The majority of the municipality is on the Fosen peninsula, but the islands of Garten, Storfosna, and Kråkvåg are also populated. The Kjeungskjær lighthouse lies at the mouth of the Bjugnfjorden in the northeastern part of the municipality.

Climate[edit]

The mean annual temperature is 5.8 °C (42.4 °F) and mean annual precipitation is 1,048 millimetres (41.3 in).[5]


Ørland
Climate chart (explanation)
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
87
 
2
−3
 
 
70
 
2
−3
 
 
68
 
4
−1
 
 
60
 
7
1
 
 
50
 
13
5
 
 
66
 
15
8
 
 
85
 
16
10
 
 
86
 
16
10
 
 
133
 
13
8
 
 
131
 
9
5
 
 
99
 
5
1
 
 
113
 
3
−2
Average max. and min. temperatures in °C
Precipitation totals in mm
Source: met.no/klimastatistikk/eklima

Economy[edit]

Major occupations are the Ørland Main Air Station, part of the Royal Norwegian Air Force; agriculture; public services; and commerce. Large industries include the Grøntvedt Pelagic herring factory and the Mascot Høie bedclothes factory.

Attractions[edit]

Major attractions are the Ramsar Convention Bird Protection areas, the coastal areas themselves, and the Manor of Austrått, dated 1656 and with a known history from around 1000 AD. Other attractions are the single, large Sessile oak (the northernmost in the world, known as Austråtteika) in the nearby forest;[6] and the fortifications of the triple 28-centimetre (11 in) gun turret from World War II, which is now open to public viewing.

Media gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Personnemningar til stadnamn i Noreg" (in Norwegian). Språkrådet. 
  2. ^ Jukvam, Dag (1999). "Historisk oversikt over endringer i kommune- og fylkesinndelingen" (in Norwegian). Statistisk sentralbyrå. 
  3. ^ Rygh, Oluf (1901). Norske gaardnavne: Søndre Trondhjems amt (in Norwegian) (14 ed.). Kristiania, Norge: W. C. Fabritius & sønners bogtrikkeri. p. 49. 
  4. ^ Norske Kommunevåpen (1990). "Nye kommunevåbener i Norden". Retrieved 28 October 2008. 
  5. ^ "Ørland: 1961-1990 base period". met.no. 
  6. ^ "Austråttlunden" (PDF) (in Norwegian). 

External links[edit]