Øystre Slidre

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Øystre Slidre MØ kommune
Municipality
Buahaugen in Øystre Slidre
Buahaugen in Øystre Slidre
Coat of arms of Øystre Slidre MØ kommune
Coat of arms
Official logo of Øystre Slidre MØ kommune
Oppland within
Norway
Coordinates: 61°14′11″N 9°8′37″E / 61.23639°N 9.14361°E / 61.23639; 9.14361Coordinates: 61°14′11″N 9°8′37″E / 61.23639°N 9.14361°E / 61.23639; 9.14361
Country Norway
County Oppland
District Valdres
Administrative centre Heggenes
Government
 • Mayor (2011) Kjell Berge Melbybråten (Ap)
Area
 • Total 963 km2 (372 sq mi)
 • Land 881 km2 (340 sq mi)
Area rank 109 in Norway
Population (2004)
 • Total 3,116
 • Rank 264 in Norway
 • Density 4/km2 (10/sq mi)
 • Change (10 years) 0.5 %
Demonym Øystreslidring[1]
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
ISO 3166 code NO-0544
Official language form Nynorsk
Website www.oystre-slidre.kommune.no
Data from Statistics Norway

Øystre Slidre is a municipality in Oppland county, Norway. It is part of the traditional region of Valdres. The administrative centre of the municipality is the town of Heggenes.

The old municipality of Slidre (created in 1838) was divided into Øystre Slidre and Vestre Slidre in 1849. The majority of today's residents live in the villages of Heggenes, Rogne, Skammestein, Beito, and Beitostølen.

General information[edit]

Name[edit]

The municipality (originally the parish) is named after the old Slidre farm (Old Norse: Slíðrar), since the first church was built here. The name is probably derived from slíðr which means "sheath" (which is probably referring to a long depression near the church). The meaning of the name Øystre Slidre is "(the) eastern (part of) Slidre" (since the parish and municipality of Slidre was divided in 1849.)[2]

See also: Vestre Slidre

Coat-of-arms[edit]

The coat-of-arms is from modern times. They were granted in 1989. The arms show blue and silver tiles made of slate. This recognizes that the slate industry was a formerly important industry in the area. Slate roofing was very common in Valdres.[3][4]

History[edit]

Bitihorn and Båtskaret (the boat pass)
At Røyne, looking towards Hegge

Båtskaret (The boat pass) is a narrow pass along Bitihorn where in medieval times people from Øystre Slidre dragged their boats through, therefore the name. A bit further into the mountain there is a big lake called Vinstervatnet with a lot of fine trout. As a result of a dispute between people from Valdres and people from Gudbrandsdal, they could not leave their boats behind. Therefore they had to resort to dragging their boats through Båtskaret. According to local folklore, the dispute began in medieval times with a young bride being married to an old man and a knight stealing his way over the mountains to rescue her. [4]

Hegge stave church, at Hegge, was originally constructed in the year 1216 or slightly later. It has been extensively rebuilt and is mostly post-reformation. It contains a fine altarpiece (reredos) carved by Kjørn from Heidal between 1781-1782.[4]

Geography[edit]

Øystre Slidre shares borders with the municipalities of Nord-Aurdal and Vestre Slidre in the south, Vang in the west, Gausdal, Sør-Fron, and Nord-Fron to the east, and up to Valdresflya, at the border of Vågå in the north. Øystre Slidre is part of the traditional district of Valdres in central, southern Norway, situated between the valleys of Gudbrandsdal and Hallingdal. Øystre Slidre is 45.1 kilometres (28.0 mi) on a north-south axis and 39.8 kilometres (24.7 mi) on an east-west axis.

The highest point is Øystre Rasletind at a height of 2,010 metres (6,590 ft) above sea level. About 73% of the land is over 900 metres (3,000 ft) in elevation. More than 10% of the land is over 1,300 metres (4,300 ft) above sea level. The lowest points lie at 410 metres (1,350 ft) above sea level. Lakes and rivers cover 75 square kilometres (29 sq mi) of the area. The largest lakes are Vinstri, Yddin, Vangsjøen, Javnin and Olevatn.[3]

Economy[edit]

Because of the rugged landscape, farming is only possible on a small scale, but this is still one of the main sources of income. There are only about 30 square kilometres (12 sq mi) of agricultural land in the municipality. About 85% of farmers in the municipality use the high mountain pastures in the summer time.[3]

Beitostølen, view towards town centre

The winter sports resort of Beitostølen, host to World Cup events in biathlon and cross-country skiing, is located here. It is the biggest tourist area in the municipality, and provides a large fraction of the municipality's income.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Personnemningar til stadnamn i Noreg" (in Norwegian). Språkrådet. 
  2. ^ Rygh, Oluf (1900). Norske gaardnavne: Kristians amt (Anden halvdel) (4 ed.). Kristiania, Norge: W. C. Fabritius & sønners bogtrikkeri. p. 285.  (Norwegian)
  3. ^ a b c "Om Øystre Slidre". Øystre Slidre kommune. Retrieved 2009-01-04.  (Norwegian)
  4. ^ a b c Stagg, Frank Noel (1956). East Norway and its Frontier. George Allen & Unwin, Ltd. 

External links[edit]