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Ĉ ĉ

Ĉ or ĉ (C circumflex) is a consonant in Esperanto orthography, representing the sound [t͡ʃ].

It is based on the letter c. Esperanto orthography uses a diacritic for all four of its postalveolar consonants, as do the Latin-based Slavic alphabets. Letters and digraphs that are similar to ĉ and represent the same sound include Slovene č, Polish digraph cz, English and Spanish digraph ch, French trigraph tch, Norwegian trigraph tsj, German tetragraph tsch, and Italian c before i or e.

Ĉ is the fourth letter of the Esperanto alphabet. Although it is written as cx in the x-system and ch in the h-system, it is C with a circumflex (ĉ) when written accented. L. L. Zamenhof, the creator of Esperanto, recommended using ch when ĉ is not available.

Character mappings[edit]

Charset Unicode ISO 8859-3
Majuscule Ĉ U+0108 C6
Minuscule ĉ U+0109 E6

See also[edit]