|Headquarters||Prague, Czech Republic|
|Key people||Dalibor Zelený|
|Revenue||41 billion CZK (2010)|
|Net income||-940 mIllion CZK (2010)|
|Total assets||76 billion CZK (2010)|
|Total equity||42 billion CZK (2010)|
České dráhy (ČD) or Czech Railways is the main railway operator in the Czech Republic. In 2010 its consolidated revenues reached CZK 41.0 billion (€1.6bn, $2.1bn). Revenues from passenger transport amounted to CZK 18.7 billion (65% transfer payments from the government, 25% intrastate transport, 10% international transport), revenues from freight transport operated by subsidiary ČD Cargo amounted to CZK 11.8 billion, revenues from traffic control invoiced to state-owned railway infrastructure operator SŽDC amounted to CZK 5.2 billion. With thirty-eight thousand employees ČD Group is the largest Czech company by the number of employees.
The company was established in 1993, after the dissolution of Czechoslovakia as a successor of the Czechoslovak State Railways. It is a member of the International Railway Union (UIC Country Code for Czech Republic is 54), Community of European Railways and the Organization for Railways Cooperation (Asia and Europe).
Until 1 July 2008, České dráhy was the biggest employer in the Czech Republic. After experiencing regular losses and requiring government subsidies., the railway reported its first ever "profit" in 2007 although it receives government subsidies. Attempts to make it more efficient are currently ongoing and a recent plan to move passenger transport to an independent subsidiary was approved by the Czech government in January 2008.
ČD operates trains; fixed infrastructure (such as tracks) is managed by SŽDC. In December 2010, the Czech government proposed bringing SŽDC and ČD together in a single holding company. The government has also changed the subsidies available to ČD and SŽDC.
- 9,412 km of railway lines controlled by ČD, of which 3,210 km is electrified track and 1,906 km is double- and multiple-track
- 168.8 million passengers carried
- 6,907 million passenger-kilometres
- 76.723 million tonnes of goods carried
- 13,592 million tonne-kilometres
České dráhy is the result of more than 160 years of railway history in the Czech lands. Historic milestones include:
- 1828: first horse-drawn railway in continental Europe: České Budějovice - Linz
- 1839: first steam-hauled railway: Vienna - Břeclav
- 1903: first standard gauge electrified railway track
- 1918: foundation of Československé státní dráhy (ČSD or CSD) (English: Czechoslovak state railways)
- 1991: first EuroCity (EC) trains run on ČSD railways
- 1993: foundation of České dráhy (ČD or CD) after break up of Czechoslovakia
- 1993: started renovation of Pan-European railway corridors
- 1994: started truck transportation ("RoLa") on ČD railways from Lovosice to Dresden (stopped in 2004)
- 2003: founding of České dráhy (Czech Railways), joint-stock company
- 2005: tilting train Pendolino in regular service
- 2007: freight transport moved into the subsidiary company ČD Cargo
- 2008: creation of ČD Sky, an alliance between České dráhy and the airline Sky Europe. SkyEurope, which was heavily indebted, went bust in August 2009.
- 2,726 tractive vehicles, of which 856 are electric locomotives and trainsets
- 27,416 freight cars
- 3,605 passenger cars
- Annual Report of České dráhy, a.s. for the Year 2010, auditor Deloitte Audit s.r.o., available at http://www.ceskedrahy.cz/pro-investory/financni-zpravy/vyrocni-zpravy/-11021/
- Recalculated using average exchange rates for calendar year 2010 published by the Czech National Bank. CZK/EUR 25.290, CZK/USD 19.111
- ČD Group (České dráhy, a.s. with its consolidated subsidiaries) is the largest Czech company by number of employees, but it is not the largest employer. The Ministry of Interior, for example, has more employees.
- PhDr. Zbyněk Zlinský. "SŽDC provozovatelem dráhy". Retrieved 2008-07-01.
- "Annual Report of České Dráhy Group for the Year 2005 (p. 10)".
- "Czech Railways Posts First Profit Ever". Prague Daily Monitor. 2008-01-14. Archived from the original on 2008-01-18. Retrieved 2008-01-25.
- "Railway Gazette: Reform looks to cut costs". Retrieved 2010-12-27.
- Handl, Erich. "Government Approves Splitting off Passenger Transport from Czech Railways". Czech Business Weekly. Archived from the original on 2008-01-19. Retrieved 2008-01-25.
- České dráhy Group Statistical Yearbook 2010, available at http://www.ceskedrahy.cz/pro-investory/financni-zpravy/statisticka-rocenka/-11024/
- "České dráhy, a.s. - About Us". Archived from the original on 2007-12-13. Retrieved 2008-01-25.
- "Czech Railways to Sell SkyEurope Tickets at Stations". Prague Daily Monitor. 2008-01-24. Archived from the original on 2008-01-29. Retrieved 2008-01-25.
- "ČD Cargo profile on their website".
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to ČD.|
- Official website (services)
- Official website (the company, in Czech)
- Cargo division official website
- National timetable information system - multiple transport operators, incl. trains, buses
- ČD Timetables in pdf format
- Actual train position