Điện Biên Đông District

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Điện Biên Đông District
Huyện Điện Biên Đông
Rural district
District location in northern Vietnam
District location in northern Vietnam
Coordinates: 21°15′N 103°14′E / 21.250°N 103.233°E / 21.250; 103.233
Country  Vietnam
Region Northwest
Province Điện Biên
Capital Mường Luân
Area
 • Total 466 sq mi (1,206 km2)
Population (2003)
 • Total 48,990
Time zone UTC + 7 (UTC+7)

Điện Biên Đông is a rural district of Điện Biên Province in the Northwest region of Vietnam. The district is predominantly mountainous. The district was established in 1995.[1]

As of 2003 the district had a population of 48,990.[2] The district covers an area of 1,206 km². The district capital lies at Mường Luân, although the only town in the district is Điện Biên Đông.[2]

Geography[edit]

The district lies in the southeastern part of Điện Biên Province, to the immediate southeast of Điện Biên Phủ City, south of Tuần Giáo District, east of Điện Biên District and north/northwest of Sốp Cộp District and west of Sông Mã District and Thuận Châu District in Sơn La Province.[3]

Điện Biên Đông is located at an average elevation of 900-1000 m.[4] The land is dominated by many streams and mountains which account for 90% of natural land.[4] The main river is the Nam Ma River which flows through the central part of the district. Điện Biên Đông has a tropical climate, influenced each year by two large air masses: the northern dry air, and the cold and hot humid air from the south.[4] Average rainfall is from 1600-1700 mm, falling mostly in June and the average temperature 22 degrees celsius.[4] The ethnic composition is as follows: Hmong (53.73%), Thai (32.06%), Lao (2.9%), Kho Mu (5.96%), Sinh Mun (3.46%), the rest are minorities.[4]

Administrative divisions[edit]

Điện Biên Đông has 14 administrative units, including 1 town and 13 communes:

Economy[edit]

The main agricultural commodities are rice, corn, peanuts, betel nuts, cotton, tea and products from livestock farming[4] Điện Biên Đông district has reserves of gold ore, lead and zinc.[4] Many of the Thai inhabitants people live in two colonnade homes with wood floors, usually along the streams and mainly farm rice and weave.[4] There is a notable tower in the commune of Mường Luân, classified as a national monument in 1981.[4] National Route 130 passes through the central part of the district.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Bình yên cho Điện Biên. Nhà xuất bản Công an nhân dân. 2004. p. 301. Retrieved 11 October 2011. 
  2. ^ a b "Districts of Vietnam". Statoids. Retrieved 13 March 2009. 
  3. ^ Vietnam Bike Tours. Dien Bien Phu Travel Map (Map). http://www.vietnambiketours.asia/wp-content/uploads/2011/04/Dien-Bien-Phu-Travel-map.jpg.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i "Huyện Điện Biên Đông" (in Vietnamese). Vietgle. Retrieved 11 October 2011. 

External links[edit]