Đorđe Balašević in 2010
11 May 1953 |
Novi Sad, SR Serbia, FPR Yugoslavia
|Origin||Novi Sad, Serbia|
|Genres||Pop rock, rock, chanson, folk rock|
|Years active||1977 – present|
|Labels||ZKP RTLJ, Jugoton, PGP-RTB, Diskoton, UFA Media, Hi-Fi Centar, Salayka|
|Associated acts||Žetva, Rani Mraz, Apsolutno Romantično|
Balašević started his career in the 1977 as a member of the pop rock band Žetva, before leaving to form the pop rock band Rani Mraz. After releasing two albums, Rani Mraz disbanded, and Balašević started a successful solo career, spanning up to the present. While his initial works were mostly pop rock-oriented, in his later career he often used elements of rock, chanson and folk music, while his lyrics often dealt with romantic, humorous or political- and social-related themes.
Balašević was born to a Serbian father, Jovan Balašević, and to Veronika Dolenec, half Hungarian, half Croatian from Rasinja near Koprivnica, Croatia. He has a sister, Jasna. His grandfather's surname was Balašev, but in 1941 the grandfather changed it to Balašević.
The younger Balašević grew up on Jovan Cvijić street in Novi Sad, in the same house where he currently lives. He started writing poetry in primary school. He left high school in the third year (because, in his words, he hated subjects like mathematics, physics and chemistry) but managed to get a high school diploma as part-time student and passed the preliminary exam for the university study of geography. He never graduated from the university. Instead, he joined the band Žetva (Harvest) in 1977.
Early career: Žetva and Rani Mraz
In 1978, he left Žetva and, together with Verica Todorović, formed the band Rani Mraz (Early Frost). The band had its début at the 1978 music festival in Opatija with the song "Moja prva ljubav" ("My First Love"). Rani Mraz had unsteady lineup, but managed to gain huge popularity with Balašević's pop rock-oriented songs released on 7" singles. During 1978, former Suncokret members Biljana Krstić and Bora Đorđević joined the band (forming the most famous Rani Mraz lineup), and together they recorded "Računajte na nas" ("Count on Us"), written by Balašević, a song which celebrated the youth's adoption of the communist revolution. The song became popular with both the communist authorities and the people, becoming an anthem of the Yugoslav youth. After just few months of cooperation, Verica Todorović and Bora Đorđević left the band (Đorđević forming his famous hard rock band Riblja Čorba), so Biljana Krstić and Balašević recorded Rani Mraz's first album Mojoj mami umesto maturske slike u izlogu (To my Mom instead of Prom Photo in the Shop-Window) with the help of studio musicians.
At the 1979 Split Festival, Balašević won the first prize with the single "Panonski mornar" ("Pannonian Sailor"). A few months later, Rani Mraz sold out Belgrade's Dom Sindikata Hall eight times in a row. In 1980, Balašević served in the Yugoslav People's Army in Zagreb and Požarevac, where he had a role in the TV show Vojnici (Soldiers), but also found time to write song "Zbog tebe" ("Because of You") for Zdravko Čolić and lyrics for several songs recorded on Srebrna Krila album Ja sam samo jedan od mnogih s gitarom (I'm only One of Many with a Guitar).
By the end of 1980, Balašević and Krstić released their second and final album under the name Rani Mraz, with a symbolic title Odlazi cirkus (The Circus Is Leaving). The album reaffirmed Balašević's status and delivered several hit songs, one of them being "Priča o Vasi Ladačkom" ("Story of Vasa Ladački") which went on to become one of Balašević's signature songs. However, Rani Mraz officially dissolved shortly afterwards.
Balašević started his solo career in 1982 with the album Pub (Jack) which was well received, bringing hits "Boža zvani Pub" ("Boža Known as the Jack"), "Pesma o jednom petlu" ("The Song about a Rooster"), "Lepa protina kći" ("Archpriest's Beautiful Daughter") and "Ratnik paorskog srca" ("Warrior with Peasant's Heart"). The album was produced by Josip Boček, who would also produce Balašević's following two releases. Shortly after, Balašević had a role in the TV series Pop Ćira i pop Spira (Priest Ćira and Priest Spira), recorded after Stevan Sremac's novel of the same title. He spent the winter of 1982-1983 on a tour, during which he sold out Belgrade's Sava Center hall for the first time. His Sava Center concerts would become his trademark in years to follow. At the time, he wrote the song "Hej, čarobnjaci, svi su vam đaci" ("Hey, Magicians, Everyone Can Learn from You") for the football club Red Star Belgrade.
In December 1983, Balašević released the album Celovečernji The Kid (Wholevening the Kid), which featured hits "Svirajte mi 'Jesen stiže, dunjo moja'" ("Play 'Autumn Is Coming, My Dear' to Me"), "Neko to od gore vidi sve" ("Someone from up above Watches it All"), "Blues mutne vode" ("Muddy Water Blues"), "Lunjo" ("Hey, Tramp") and "Don Francisco Long Play". The following album, 003, was released in 1985, and brought hits "Slovenska" ("Slavic Song"), "Al' se nekad dobro jelo" ("Back Then Eating Was Good"), "Badnje veče" ("Christmas Eve") and "Olivera".
In 1986, Balašević released the album Bezdan (Abyss), which brought hits "Ne lomite mi bagrenje" ("Don't Break My Locust Trees"), "Bezdan" and "Ne volim januar" ("I Don't Like January"). On this album Balašević worked with musicians which would become his live and studio support in the following years for the first time. The record was produced by Đorđe Petrović and arrangements were done by Aleksandar Dujin. Those two would be the key associates of Balašević in the following years. They became the backbone of Balašević's supporting band nicknamed The Unfuckables (although this is just a nickname, as he performs under his own name and the support band is not billed).
In 1987, Balašević released his first live album, double album U tvojim molitvama - Balade (In Your Prayers - Ballads). The album was recorded during 1986 and 1987 on his concerts in Zetra hall in Sarajevo, Ledena dvorana and Šalata in Zagreb, Sava Centar in Belgrade, and Studio M in Novi Sad. The album featured a gift 7" single with previously unreleased tracks "1987" and "Poluuspavanka ("Half-Lullaby"). The album also featured previously unrecorded track "Samo da rata ne bude" ("Just May There be no War"). The song was recorded live with a large children's choir.
Balašević's next studio album, Panta Rei, released in 1988. The song "Requiem" was dedicated to late Josip Broz Tito, while satire "Soliter" ("High-rise") caricatures Yugoslavia as a building in which only façade still holds while foundations slide. Blues sound was present in the songs "Neki se rode kraj vode" ("Some Were Born By the Water") and "Nemam ništa s tim" ("I Have Nothing to Do with It"). Balašević's following album, Tri posleratna druga (Three postwar Friends), was subtitled Muzika iz istoimenog romana (Music from the Novel of the Same Name), referring to his novel Tri posleratna druga. The album was recorded by Dujin, bass guitarist Aleksandar Kravić, and two musicians from Rijeka, guitarist Elvis Stanić (a former Linija 23, Denis & Denis, and Dr Doktor member) and drummer Tonči Grabušić. The album featured radio hits "Kad odem" ("When I'm Gone") "D-moll" ("D minor"), "Ćaletova pesma" ("Dad's Song"), "Saputnik" ("Fellow Traveler"), "O. Bože" ("Oh God"), and folk-oriented "Devojka sa čardaš nogama" ("A Girl with Csárdás Legs"). The song "Sugar Rap" featured caricatured rap sound.
The album Marim ja... (I care...) was released in 1991. Beside Balašević's old associates, the album featured Davor Rodik (pedal steel guitar), Nenad Jazunović (percussion), and Josip "Kiki" Kovač (violin). The songs "Nevernik" ("The Unbeliever"), "Ringišpil" ("Carousel"), Divlji badem ("Wild Almond") were the albums biggest hits.
As the Yugoslav Wars erupted, Balašević was forced to stop collaborating with Stanić and Grabušić (the two forming the jazz rock band Elvis Stanić Group). Balašević withdrew to isolation, partly due to his anti-war attitudes. His next album Jedan od onih života... (One of Those Lives...), released in 1993, featured Aleksandar Dujin on piano, Dušan Bezuha on guitar, Đorđe Petrović on keyboards, Aleksandar Kravić on bass guitar, Josip Kovač on saxophone, and Dragoljub Đuričić (formerly of YU grupa, Leb i Sol and Kerber) on drums. The songs such as "Krivi smo mi" ("It's Our Fault") and "Čovek sa mesecom u očima" ("The Man with the Moon in His Eyes") heavily criticized and denounced the ongoing war. At the same time, the compilation album Najveći hitovi (Greatest hits), featuring songs recorded during the 1986-1991 period, was released. The songs which appeared on the compilation were chosen by Balašević himself. At the time, he started to heavily criticize the regime of Slobodan Milošević on his concerts.
After a long break, at the beginning of 1996, he issued Na posletku... (After All...). Beside Balašević's old associates, the album featured young drummer Petar Radmilović. Na posletku... was mainly folk rock-oriented. Nearly all instruments on the album are acoustic, with the violin becoming dominant and woodwind instruments heavily used. In 1997, the live album Da l' je sve bilo samo fol?, recorded on December 6, 1996 on a concert in Maribor, was released in Slovenia.
The album Devedesete (Nineties), self-released by Balašević in the spring of 2000, was his most politically involved album. The album was produced by Petrović, and, beside old associates, featured the saxophonist Gabor Bunford.
In 2001, Balašević released the album Dnevnik starog momka (Diary of an Old Bachelor). The album comprised 12 songs, each having a female name as its title. The song titles form the acrostic "Olja je najbolja" ("Olja is the Best"), Olja being the nickname of Balešvić's wife Olivera Balašević. Balašević stated on several occasions that the girls the songs were names after are pure fiction. In 2002, the compilation album Ostaće okrugli trag na mestu šatre (trans. A Round Trace Will Remain at the Place where Tent Used to Be, named after a verse from the song "Odlazi cirkus") was released. The album featured the choice of songs from Balašević's solo career, with some of the older songs rerecorded.
In 2004, actor and film director Ljubiša Samardžić recorded the film Goose Feather (originally known as Jesen stiže, dunjo moja), based on the ballad "Priča o Vasi Ladačkom". The movie should have been recorded in cooperation between Samardžić and Balašević, however, the cooperation was not agreed. Balašević released the songs that should have been the soundtrack for the film on the album Rani mraz. The album's subtitle was Priča o Vasi Ladačkom.../Muzika iz nesnimljenog filma (Story of Vasa Ladački.../Music from the Film that was not Filmed). The album featured folk rock sound similar to the one on Na posletku.... The album featured rerecorded "Priča o Vasi Ladačkom" and the instrumental track based on it, "Pričica o Vasi L." ("Short Story about Vasa L."). The album also featured the song "Maliganska", which Balašević wrote at the beginning of his career and unsuccessfully offered to Zvonko Bogdan, and which was previously released by pop rock/folk rock band Apsolutno Romantično under the title Đoletova pesma (Đole's Song). The album, beside old associates, featured Zoran and Pera Alvirović (of Apsolutno Romantično), Andrej Maglovski (accordion), Stevan Mošo (prim), Beni Ćibri (double bass), Agota Vitkai Kučera (soprano), St. George Choir, and others.
In 2010, Balašević directed the film An Early Frost (originally titled Kao rani mraz), starring Daniel Kovačević, Rade Šerbedžija and Balašević's daughter Jovana, based on the song "Priča o Vasi Ladačkom". The film received mostly negative reviews by the critics.
In 2012, Balašević released two new songs "Berba '59." ("Spirit of 59") and "Ljubav ne pobeđuje" ("Love Doesn't Win").
Balašević's concerts are known to last for more than four hours at a time. Apart from performing his songs, he has a custom of making long pauses between songs and commenting on current events. Therefore his concerts are more of a cabaret than rock concerts in the common sense of the word.
His traditional New Year's concerts in Sava Center hall in Belgrade are traditionally sold out. He sold out Sava Center for the first time in the 1982/1983 season, started his regular New Year's concerts in 1986, and in the 1990s and 2000s he was performing up to 11 evenings in a row.
Since one of his first songs "Računajte na nas", Balašević has been politically involved. Together with another early single "Tri put sam video Tita" ("I Saw Tito Three Times"), these songs summed up his early political position: pan-southslavic, patriotism and Titoism.
During the second half of the 1980s, Balašević began to criticize the authorities, and in the early 1990s his songs and stage speeches showed disillusionment and sadness over the fact that bloodshed was possible in the Yugoslavia he once admired. He openly criticised Serbian, Croatian and Slovene nationalism.
In the ensuing war years, Balašević had serious problems with the government of Slobodan Milošević because he openly stated his opposition to it. At his concerts he often criticised and made fun of Milošević and other Serbian politicians. In 1996, he became the UNHCR Goodwill Ambassador for his antiwar statements during the Yugoslav wars and held the first postwar concert in Sarajevo as the first Serbian artist visiting war-torn Bosnia and Herzegovina.
In 2000, he took part in demonstrations during and following the downfall of Slobodan Milošević.
In 1991, when Croatia and Slovenia were on the verge of declaring independence from SFRY, he performed a song named "Bluz za braću Slovence" (trans. "Blues for Slovenian Brothers") where he openly criticised Slovenes for their plans to secede from Yugoslavia, going so far as to even make fun of them. Later he apologised for that song.
Some critics state that in his song "Ne lomite mi bagrenje" ("Don't Break my Locusts") released on his 1986 album Bezdan he was metaphorically speaking against Albanian terror over Serbs in the conflict on Kosovo. Balašević later explained, "It is not a song about ethnicities, but rather about good and evil, and I don't regret anything. I called Evil by its full name even when others praised it. [referring to Milošević regime]". Later, in late 1990s, he stated, "I didn't know Serbs would become Shiptars to Shiptars. That turned around. We are the ones who break locusts now, but I can't take the blame for that".
In 2006, after Montenegro declared independence from The State Union of Serbia and Montenegro, Balašević's letter to Montenegrin Prime Minister Milo Đukanović in which Balašević congratulates Đukanović on the independence of Montenegro was published in Blic.
Balašević currently lives in Novi Sad, in the same house where he grew up, with his wife Olivera (born Savić in Zrenjanin), who was a ballerina and a member of gymnastics national team, and their three children: daughters Jovana (an actress, born in 1980) and Jelena (a consultant in the Government of Vojvodina, born in 1984), and son Aleksa (born in 1994).
The 1998 book YU 100: najbolji albumi jugoslovenske rok i pop muzike (YU 100: The Best albums of Yugoslav pop and rock music) features two Đorđe Balašević solo albums, Bezdan (ranked No. 25) and Pub (ranked No. 66), and one Rani Mraz album, Mojoj mami umesto maturske slike u izlogu (ranked No. 44).
In 2000, the song "Slovenska" was polled No.69 on the Rock Express Top 100 Yugoslav Rock Songs of All Times list. In 2006, the song "Priča o Vasi Ladačkom was polled No.13 B92 Top 100 Domestic Songs list. In 2011, the song "Menuet" was polled, by the listeners of Radio 202, one of 60 greatest songs released by PGP-RTB/PGP-RTS during the sixty years of the label's existence.
In 2007, twenty-one bands from Balašević's native Novi Sad, including Zbogom Brus Li, Pero Defformero, Super S Karamelom and others, recorded a tribute album to Balašević entitled Neki noviji klinci i.... In 2012, singer-songwriter and former Azra leader Branimir "Johnny" Štulić released a cover of "U razdeljak te ljubim" on his official YouTube channel.
With Rani Mraz
- Pub (1982)
- Celovečernji The Kid (1983)
- 003 (1985)
- Bezdan (1986)
- Panta Rei (1988)
- Tri posleratna druga (1989)
- Marim ja... (1991)
- Jedan od onih života... (1993)
- Na posletku... (1996)
- Devedesete (2000)
- Dnevnik starog momka (2001)
- Rani mraz (2004)
- Računajte na nas - book of poems
- I život ide dalje - collection of columns
- Jedan od onih života - novel
- Dodir svile (1998) - book of poems
- Tri posleratna druga - novel
- ...i od dva-tri akorda (jer ni ne umem bolje ja...) - book of poems
- Kao rani mraz - screenplay for movie
- "U razdeljak te ljubim" / "Srce mi je kao ratar"
- "Računajte na nas" / "Strađšan žulj" at Discogs
- Mojoj mami umesto maturske slike u izlogu at Discogs
- Zbog tebe at Discogs
- Ja sam samo jedan od mnogih s gitarom at Discogs
- Odlazi cirkus
- Pub at Discogs
- Josip Boček production credits at Discogs
- "Hej, čarobnjaci, svi su vam đaci" at Discogs
- Celovečernji The Kid at Discogs
- 003 (album)|003 at Discogs
- Bezdan at Discogs
- U tvojim molitvama - Balade at Discogs
- Panta Rei at Discogs
- Tri posleratna druga at Discogs
- Marim ja... at Discogs
- Jedan od onih života...
- Najveći hitovi at Discogs
- Na posletku at Discogs
- Devedesete at Discogs
- Dnevnik starog momka at Discogs
- Rani mraz at Discogs
- An Eraly Frost at IMDb
- Kao rani mraz review at Popboks
- Kao rani mraz review at politika.rs
- Kao rani mraz review at danas.rs
- "Brend – Vojvodina stara", vreme.rs
- "Poslušajte "Ljubav ne pobeđuje", novu pjesmu Balaševića", balkanrock.com
- Janjatović, Petar. YU ROCK enciklopedija. (excerpt)
- (Bosnian) BH Dani 104, Focus (redaction commentaries)
- (Serbian) Online interview with Balašević
- (Serbian)Interview with Balašević, reprinted from Draško Aćimović's book "Džungla na Estradi"
- "Balkan Slow Motion", balasevic.net
- Antonić, Duško; Štrbac, Danilo (1998). YU 100: najbolji albumi jugoslovenske rok i pop muzike. Belgrade: YU Rock Press.
- "100 najboljih pesama svih vremena YU rocka". Rock Express (in Serbian) (Belgrade: Rock Express) (25).
- The B92 Top 100 Domestic Songs list at B92 official site
- 60 хитова емисије ПГП на 202!, facebook.com
- Neki noviji klinci i... at Discogs
- "U RAZDELJAK TE ЉUBIM" via Branimir Štulić, YouTube.com
- EX YU ROCK enciklopedija 1960-2006, Janjatović Petar; ISBN 978-86-905317-1-4
- NS rockopedija, novosadska rock scena 1963-2003, Mijatović Bogomir; Publisher: SWITCH, 2005
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