Ľubietová

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Coordinates: 48°45′00″N 19°22′00″E / 48.75000°N 19.36667°E / 48.75000; 19.36667
Ľubietová
Village
Lubietova.jpg
Country Slovakia
Region Banská Bystrica
District Banská Bystrica
Elevation 491 m (1,611 ft)
Coordinates 48°45′00″N 19°22′00″E / 48.75000°N 19.36667°E / 48.75000; 19.36667
Area 61.04 km2 (23.57 sq mi)
Population 1,160 (31 December 2013)
Density 19 / km2 (49 / sq mi)
First mentioned 1241
Mayor Pavel Zajac (ĽS-HZDS, Smer-SD, SNS, KDH)
Postal code 976 55
Area code +421-48
Car plate BB
Location of Ľubietová in Slovakia
Location of Ľubietová in Slovakia
Statistics: MOŠ/MIS
Website: www.lubietova.sk

Ľubietová (German: Libethen) is a village in central Slovakia.[1] Originally an ancient mining town, it is known for precious minerals.

Geography[edit]

Ľubietová is part of the Banská Bystrica District in the Banská Bystrica Region. It is situated 25 km east from the town of Banská Bystrica. It lies at an altitude of 491 metres and covers an area of 61 km². The geographic center of Slovakia, the Hrb mountain, is located near the village.

History[edit]

Thanks to abundant deposits of copper and less rich deposits of iron ore, Ľubietová became soon an important center of medieval mining industry. It was granted the status of a royal town in 1379 by Louis the Great and German miners settled here. As one of the most important centers of Protestant Reformation in the country, the town created the Protestant "League of Seven Mining Towns" together with Banská Belá, Banská Bystrica, Banská Štiavnica, Kremnica, Nová Baňa, and Pukanec. In 1692, the first modern blast furnace in the Kingdom of Hungary was built in Ľubietová. Due to the decline of the mining industry in the 18th century, the settlement lost its urban character and became a village.

Minerals[edit]

Entrance to an ancient copper mine near Ľubietová

Ľubietová is famous for precious minerals that can be found inside the ancient mines. For example, Libethenite was discovered there in 1823 and is named after the German name of the village (Libethen). Euchroite was also described for the first time in Ľubietová. The list of interesting minerals, mostly created by weathering of copper ores, also includes azurite and malachite.

Population[edit]

In 2013, Ľubietová had a population of 1160 inhabitants. According to the 2001 census, 98.5% of inhabitants were Slovaks. The religious makeup was 60.2% Lutherans, 27% Roman Catholics, and 8.2% with no religious affiliation.[2]

Famous people[edit]

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://en.e-obce.sk/obec/lubietova/lubietova.html
  2. ^ http://www.statistics.sk/mosmis/eng/run.html Municipal Statistics from the Statistical Office of the Slovak republic