Location of Ōda in Shimane Prefecture
|• Mayor||Soichi Takegoshi (since 2005)|
|• Total||436.11 km2 (168.38 sq mi)|
|Population (January 1, 2012)|
|• Density||89/km2 (230/sq mi)|
|Time zone||Japan Standard Time (UTC+9)|
|- Tree||Prunus mume|
|- Flower||Phododendron molle|
|Address||1111 Ōdaguchi, Ōda-machi, Ōda-shi, Shimane-ken
As of January 1, 2012, the city has an estimated population of 38,837, with 16,264 households and a population density of 89.05 persons per km². The total area is 436.11 km². The city was founded on January 1, 1954. Ōda is home to the Iwami Ginzan Silver Mine, a World Heritage Site.
Located in the central coastal portion of Shimane Prefecture, Ōda borders the Sea of Japan to the north and the Chūgoku Mountains to the south. Mount Sanbe (1,126 metres (3,694 ft)), part of Daisen-Oki National Park, is a double volcano of the Hakusan Volcanic Zone, and is situated to the southeast of the city.
Ōda remains a center of agricultural production. The city is a center for dairy farms. Additionally, the city is known for its roof tile industry, produced since early times as Iwami gawara, or kawara Japanese roof tiles of Iwami.
Ōda is serviced by two transportation networks. The first is JR West Sanin Main Line, connecting Ōdashi Station to Tottori through Yonago and Matsue to the east, and connecting along the coast to Hamada and Masuda to the west.
The area of present-day Ōda located in Izumo Province. The area was a strategic meeting point of three ancient transportation routes: the San'in, Izumo, and the Bingo. As a result, numerous market towns were developed in the area.
Iwami Ginzan Silver Mine
Ōda is home to the Iwami Ginzan Silver Mine, a World Heritage Site. Iwami Ginzan was the largest silver mine in Japanese history. Active for almost four hundred years, it operated from the discovery of silver in the area in 1526 until 1923. Iwami Ginzan was the most important source of silver to the Tokugawa Shogunate during the Edo period (1603 – 1868), and was directly controlled by the Tokugawa government. The mine is a popular tourist destination in Shimane, and can be reached by bus from Ōda Station on the JR West Sanin Main Line.
Nima Sand Museum
The Nima Sand Museum features a large hourglass mechanism that automatically rotates from December 31 to January 1. It is designated the largest hourglass in the world, but is not officially registered in Guinness World Records. This museum officially opened in March 1991.
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- "Ōda". Encyclopedia of Japan. Tokyo: Shogakukan. 2012. OCLC 56431036. Retrieved 2012-07-27.
- "Sambesan". Encyclopedia of Japan. Tokyo: Shogakukan. 2012. OCLC 56431036. Retrieved 2012-07-27.
- Encyclopedia of Japan. Tokyo: Shogakukan. 2012. OCLC 56431036. Retrieved 2012-07-27.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Oda, Shimane.|
- Ōda City official website (Japanese)