Ōhariu

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Ohariu electorate 2008.png

Ōhariu is a New Zealand Parliamentary electorate returning one Member of Parliament to the New Zealand House of Representatives. It was contested for the first time at the 2008 election. It is the successor to Ohariu-Belmont, first contested at the first Mixed Member Proportional election in 1996. Through its existence Ohariu-Belmont was represented by Peter Dunne, leader of the United Future party. Dunne contested and won the new electorate in 2008.

Population centres[edit]

The boundaries of the two electorates are near identical except for the removal of the eponymous Lower Hutt suburb of Belmont into the Rimutaka seat and the addition of Crofton Downs from Wellington Central. The new electorate contains the section of Wellington City between Crofton Downs and southern Tawa, including Ngaio, Khandallah, Johnsonville and Newlands. The rest of the electorate consists of Lower Hutt's hill suburbs of Korokoro, Maungaraki and Normandale. Ōhariu is one of 11 electorate names to include a macron, for the first time.

Both Ohariu-Belmont and Ōhariu are young and wealthy; it has the largest number of 30-49 year-olds in the country, and the second highest number of families earning between $70,000 and $100,000 per year. 69% of its population is New Zealand European, 14% Asian and 8% Māori.[1]

History[edit]

Despite Dunne having a 7,702 vote majority in Ohariu-Belmont at the 2005 election,[2] United's performance was less impressive. In 2005 it won just 5.6% of the party vote (down from 13.0% in 2002) in an electorate dominated by the big two parties: National came out on top in the party vote with 43.1%, beating Labour by 3.6%, having been reduced to 24.4% three years earlier.[3]

Historically Ohariu (without a macron) was an electorate based around north and western Wellington, contested between 1978 and 1990. A substantial redrawing of Wellington's boundaries ahead of the last First Past the Post election in 1993 led to Ohariu being divided between Wellington-Karori and the new electorate of Onslow. Dunne, then a member of the Labour Party, was the MP for the old Ohariu between 1984 until its abolition, and won Onslow in 1993.

Members of Parliament[edit]

Key

 National    Labour    United Future    Green  

Election Winner
1978 election Hugh Templeton
1981 election
1984 election Peter Dunne
1987 election
1990 election
(Electorate abolished 1993-2008, see Onslow)
2008 election Peter Dunne1
2011 election

1Dunne defected to United New Zealand in 1995.

List MPs[edit]

Members of Parliament elected from party lists in elections where that person also unsuccessfully contested the Ōhariu electorate. Unless otherwise stated, all MPs terms began and ended at general elections.

Election Winner
2008 election Charles Chauvel
Katrina Shanks
2011 election Charles Chauvel
Gareth Hughes
Katrina Shanks

Election results[edit]

2011 election[edit]

General Election 2011: Ōhariu[4]

Notes: Green background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member.
A Green tickY or Red XN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

Party Candidate Votes % ±% Party Votes % ±%
United Future Green tickY Peter Dunne 14,357 38.58 +5.97 672 1.78 -0.43
Labour Charles Chauvel 12,965 34.84 +4.89 10,036 26.53 -6.80
National Katrina Shanks 6,907 18.56 -7.97 18,764 49.60 +3.33
Green Gareth Hughes 2,160 5.80 -1.26 5,453 14.42 +5.28
Conservative Stephen Woodnutt 378 1.02 +1.02 636 1.68 +1.68
NZ First Hugh Barr 339 0.91 +0.91 1,478 3.91 +1.82
Libertarianz Sean Fitzpatrick 109 0.29 +0.29 47 0.12 +0.07
ACT   286 0.76 -2.66
Māori   201 0.53 -0.20
Legalise Cannabis   160 0.42 +0.11
Mana   73 0.19 +0.19
Alliance   12 0.03 -0.11
Democratic   10 0.03 +0.003
Informal votes 369 137
Total Valid votes 37,215 37,828
United Future hold Majority 1392 3.74 +1.07

Electorate (as at 26 November 2011): 46,740[5]

2008 election[edit]

General Election 2008: Ōhariu[6]

Notes: Green background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member.
A Green tickY or Red XN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

Party Candidate Votes % ±% Party Votes % ±%
United Future Green tickY Peter Dunne 12,303 32.61 843 2.21
Labour Charles Chauvel 11,297 29.95 12,728 33.33
National Katrina Shanks 10,009 26.53 17,670 46.27
Green Gareth Hughes 2,665 7.06 3,488 9.13
Kiwi Joel Sison 522 1.38 283 0.74
ACT Colin du Plessis 487 1.29 1,304 3.41
Legalise Cannabis Danyl Strype 330 0.87 119 0.31
Alliance Kelly Buchanan 111 0.29 55 0.14
NZ First   798 2.09
Māori   278 0.73
Progressive   273 0.71
Bill and Ben   208 0.54
Family Party   65 0.17
Pacific   22 0.06
Libertarianz   20 0.05
Workers Party   11 0.03
Democratic   9 0.02
RAM   7 0.02
RONZ   7 0.02
Informal votes 242 88
Total Valid votes 37,724 38,188
United Future win new seat Majority 1,006 2.67


References[edit]