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Location of Ōita in Ōita Prefecture
|• Mayor||Ban Kugimiya (since April 2003)|
|• Total||501.25 km2 (193.53 sq mi)|
|Population (June 30, 2011)|
|• Density||949.35/km2 (2,458.8/sq mi)|
|Time zone||Japan Standard Time (UTC+9)|
|- Tree||Elaeocarpus sylvestris|
|- Flower||Camellia sasanqua|
|Address||2-31 Niage-machi, Ōita-shi, Ōita-ken
- 1 Demographics and geography
- 2 Economy
- 3 History
- 4 Climate
- 5 Landmarks and points of interest
- 6 Transportation
- 7 Sports
- 8 Education
- 9 Notable people from Ōita
- 10 Sister cities
- 11 References
- 12 External links
Demographics and geography
Ōita is the most populous city in Ōita Prefecture. As of June 30, 2011, the city has an estimated population of 475,861, with 205,639 households and a population density of 949.35 persons per km². The total area of the city is 501.25 km².
The city is bordered by City of Beppu to the northwest, City of Yufu to the west, City of Taketa to the southwest, City of Bungo-ōno to the south, and City of Usuki to the southeast. The north of the city faces Beppu Bay and the Seto Inland Sea.
The downtown and shopping districts are located to the north of Oita Station. Recently, however, the area has been gradually declining, because the main commercial areas have been dispersed due to the construction of big shopping malls in the suburbs.
During the Sengoku period (15th - 16th century), the powerful Ōtomo clan based in Funai and the area prospered as a key port of trade with Portugal and Ming Dynasty China. Ōtomo Sōrin, a famous Christian Daimyo, first introduced western culture. It was in Funai that the first western style hospital was built and the first Japanese choir was formed.
|Climate data for Ōita, Ōita|
|Average high °C (°F)||10.0
|Daily mean °C (°F)||5.5
|Average low °C (°F)||1.2
|Average precipitation mm (inches)||44.9
|Average snowfall cm (inches)||1
|Average relative humidity (%)||65||66||68||71||74||79||80||78||78||74||71||67||72.6|
|Mean monthly sunshine hours||144.8||137.2||169.3||169.2||179.7||138.3||181.4||199.9||147.5||159.3||142.0||145.1||1,913.7|
|Source: NOAA (1961-1990) |
Landmarks and points of interest
At the entrance to the Takasaki-yama park is the "Marine Palace" aquarium, also known as "Umi Tamago", or "Sea Egg".
In the middle of the city, there are many shops and department stores. Some major departmental stores include Tokiwa, Parco, Frespo Kasugaura, and D Plaza. There are also shopping malls in the suburbs, such as Tokiwa Wasada Town and Park Place Oita.
Outside the city, scenic spots include mountain plateaus, seaside villages and towns renowned for onsen (geothermal hot springs).
Ōita is also famous for the intestines of puffer fish.
Toriten is another famous food in this city.
Buses are the primary mode of transportation in Oita, run by two main bus service companies. The Oita Bus Company operates bus routes in the city. The Oita Kotsu Company runs north of the city. For long distance bus services, these two companies, as well as Kamenoi Bus Company operate bus routes from Oita to main place of Kyushu, such as Fukuoka and Kumamoto, and Osaka, Nagoya and more.
Oita Airport is located nearby, at Kunisaki, and used to be accessible via hovercraft, which takes about 30 minutes. However, this service has been suspended since late 2009. Other ways of accessing the airport is by bus, taxi or a private vehicle.
Annual sporting events include:
- Beppu-Oita Mainichi Marathon, which traces a path between Ōita and its neighbouring city of Beppu. The competition has been held every year since 1952 and is classed as an IAAF Silver Label road race.
- The Kyūshū Ekiden, beginning in Nagasaki and ending in Fukuoka, the world's longest relay race
Sporting events held in Oita include:
- 1966 National Sports Festival of Japan
- 2001 Kirin Cup
- 2002 FIFA World Cup
- 2003, 2006, 2007 Kirin Challenge Cup
- 2005 J. League All-Star Soccer
Sports teams and facilities
|Oita Trinita||Football||J. League
|Ōita Stadium||1994 (as Oita Trinity, changed to current name from 1999)|
|Vasagey Oita||Futsal||F. League||Oita Prefectural General Gymnasium||2003|
|Oita Miyoshi Weisse Adler||Volleyball||V.League||Toto Oita factory gymnasium||1996 (as Miyoshi Department of Cardiology EKG, changed to current name from 2006)|
Oita City operates all public elementary and junior high schools, while the prefecture operates the high schools.
- Oita Uenogaoka High School
- Oita Oginodai High School
- Oita Kogyo High School
- Oita Shogyo High School
- Oita Tsurusaki High School
- Oita Nishi Highs School
- Oita Higashi High School
- Oita Hofu High School (middle and high school)
- Oita Maizuru High School
- Oita Minami High School
- Geijutsu Midorigaoka High School
- Jouhou Kagaku High School
- Tsurusaki Kogyo High School
Notable people from Ōita
- Mao Abe, singer-songwriter
- Takamasa Anai, judo wrestler
- Yuya Ando, baseball player
- Chiyotaikai Ryūji, sumo wrestler
- Eri Fukatsu, actress
- Arata Isozaki, architect
- Yūko Kotegawa, actress
- Atsuhiro Miura, football player
- Daisuke Miyazaki, handball player
- Tomiichi Murayama, 81st Prime Minister of Japan
- Shigeichi Nagano, photographer
- Yūsuke Santamaria, tarento
- Rino Sashihara, HKT48, former AKB48
- Seiichi Uchikawa, baseball player
- Naomi Zaizen, actress
- Aveiro, Portugal (1978)
- Wuhan, China (1979)
- Austin, Texas, USA (1990)
- Guangzhou, China (1997)
- Vitória, Brazil
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