Ōita, Ōita

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Ōita
大分市
Core city
Ōita City
From top left: Funai Castle, Monkeys in Mount Takasaki, Motomachi Stone Buddhas, Oita Stadium, Old Oita Bank, Shopping street in central Oita
From top left: Funai Castle, Monkeys in Mount Takasaki, Motomachi Stone Buddhas, Oita Stadium, Old Oita Bank, Shopping street in central Oita
Flag of Ōita
Flag
Location of Ōita in Ōita Prefecture
Location of Ōita in Ōita Prefecture
Ōita is located in Japan
Ōita
Ōita
Location in Japan
Coordinates: 33°14′0″N 131°36′24″E / 33.23333°N 131.60667°E / 33.23333; 131.60667Coordinates: 33°14′0″N 131°36′24″E / 33.23333°N 131.60667°E / 33.23333; 131.60667
Country Japan
Region Kyushu
Prefecture Ōita Prefecture
Government
 • Mayor Ban Kugimiya (since April 2003)
Area
 • Total 501.25 km2 (193.53 sq mi)
Population (June 30, 2011)
 • Total 475,861
 • Density 949.35/km2 (2,458.8/sq mi)
Time zone Japan Standard Time (UTC+9)
Symbols
- Tree Elaeocarpus sylvestris
- Flower Camellia sasanqua
Address 2-31 Niage-machi, Ōita-shi, Ōita-ken
870-8504
Phone number 097-534-6111
Website www.city.oita.oita.jp

Ōita (大分市 Ōita-shi?) is the capital city of Ōita Prefecture, located on the island of Kyushu, Japan.

On January 1, 2005, the town of Notsuharu (from Ōita District) and the town of Saganoseki (from Kitaamabe District) were merged into Ōita.

Demographics and geography[edit]

City view from city centre

Ōita is the most populous city in Ōita Prefecture. As of June 30, 2011, the city has an estimated population of 475,861, with 205,639 households and a population density of 949.35 persons per km². The total area of the city is 501.25 km².

The city is bordered by City of Beppu to the northwest, City of Yufu to the west, City of Taketa to the southwest, City of Bungo-ōno to the south, and City of Usuki to the southeast. The north of the city faces Beppu Bay and the Seto Inland Sea.

Main street of Ōita

Economy[edit]

During the 1960s and 1970s, an industrial region was formed along the Beppu Gulf coast. Among the plants in the region were flagship plants of Nippon Steel and Showa Denko.

In the 1970s, Toshiba and Canon built and expanded their plants in inland area. By then, the city emerged as a major production center of electronics products such as LSIs and digital cameras.

The downtown and shopping districts are located to the north of Oita Station. Recently, however, the area has been gradually declining, because the main commercial areas have been dispersed due to the construction of big shopping malls in the suburbs.

History[edit]

The Ōita area is historically known as Funai (府内?), the capital of Bungo Province (豊後国?).

During the Sengoku period (15th - 16th century), the powerful Ōtomo clan based in Funai and the area prospered as a key port of trade with Portugal and Ming Dynasty China. Ōtomo Sōrin, a famous Christian Daimyo, first introduced western culture. It was in Funai that the first western style hospital was built and the first Japanese choir was formed.

Climate[edit]

Ōita has a humid subtropical climate (Köppen climate classification Cfa) with hot summers and cool winters. Precipitation is significant throughout the year, but is somewhat lower in winter.

Climate data for Ōita, Ōita
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 10.0
(50)
10.3
(50.5)
13.5
(56.3)
18.8
(65.8)
22.9
(73.2)
25.8
(78.4)
30.2
(86.4)
31.3
(88.3)
27.4
(81.3)
22.4
(72.3)
17.5
(63.5)
12.6
(54.7)
20.23
(68.39)
Daily mean °C (°F) 5.5
(41.9)
5.9
(42.6)
8.8
(47.8)
14.0
(57.2)
18.2
(64.8)
21.8
(71.2)
26.1
(79)
26.8
(80.2)
23.2
(73.8)
17.8
(64)
12.7
(54.9)
7.7
(45.9)
15.71
(60.28)
Average low °C (°F) 1.2
(34.2)
1.7
(35.1)
4.1
(39.4)
9.3
(48.7)
13.6
(56.5)
18.1
(64.6)
22.6
(72.7)
23.0
(73.4)
19.5
(67.1)
13.4
(56.1)
8.1
(46.6)
3.1
(37.6)
11.48
(52.67)
Precipitation mm (inches) 44.9
(1.768)
66.9
(2.634)
98.0
(3.858)
132.3
(5.209)
157.8
(6.213)
266.6
(10.496)
240.3
(9.461)
174.8
(6.882)
227.1
(8.941)
135.2
(5.323)
61.4
(2.417)
32.3
(1.272)
1,637.6
(64.474)
Snowfall cm (inches) 1
(0.4)
1
(0.4)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
2
(0.8)
 % humidity 65 66 68 71 74 79 80 78 78 74 71 67 72.6
Mean monthly sunshine hours 144.8 137.2 169.3 169.2 179.7 138.3 181.4 199.9 147.5 159.3 142.0 145.1 1,913.7
Source: NOAA (1961-1990) [1]

Landmarks and points of interest[edit]

Marine Palace AKA "Umi Tamago"
Takasaki Mountain

Takasaki mountain (高崎山) that borders Beppu is famous for wild monkeys, specifically the Japanese Macaque.

At the entrance to the Takasaki-yama park is the "Marine Palace" aquarium, also known as "Umi Tamago", or "Sea Egg".[2]

The Ōita Stadium, also known as Big Eye or Kyushu Oil Dome, is situated along the city expressway. It is the home field of the J. League football club Oita Trinita and is used for large local events.

In the middle of the city, there are many shops and department stores. Some major departmental stores include Tokiwa, Parco, Frespo Kasugaura, and D Plaza. There are also shopping malls in the suburbs, such as Tokiwa Wasada Town and Park Place Oita.

Outside the city, scenic spots include mountain plateaus, seaside villages and towns renowned for onsen (geothermal hot springs).

Ōita is also famous for the intestines of puffer fish.

Toriten is another famous food in this city.

Transportation[edit]

Japan National Route 10 at Oita, Oita

The principal railway station of the city is Ōita Station where Nippō Main Line, Kyudai Main Line, and Hohi Main Line of JR Kyushu gathers.

Buses are the primary mode of transportation in Oita, run by two main bus service companies. The Oita Bus Company operates bus routes in the city. The Oita Kotsu Company runs north of the city. For long distance bus services, these two companies, as well as Kamenoi Bus Company operate bus routes from Oita to main place of Kyushu, such as Fukuoka and Kumamoto, and Osaka, Nagoya and more.

Oita Airport is located nearby, at Kunisaki, and used to be accessible via hovercraft, which takes about 30 minutes. However, this service has been suspended since late 2009. Other ways of accessing the airport is by bus, taxi or a private vehicle.

The Ōita Expressway, Higashi-Kyushu Expressway, National Route 10 and National Route 210 all run through the city.

Many ships depart from the Port of Oita, to places such as Kansai, and Shikoku.

Sports[edit]

Annual sporting events include:

Sporting events held in Oita include:

Sports teams and facilities[edit]

Club Sports League Venue Established
Oita Trinita Football J. League
Division 1
Ōita Stadium 1994 (as Oita Trinity, changed to current name from 1999)
Vasagey Oita Futsal F. League Oita Prefectural General Gymnasium 2003
Oita Miyoshi Weisse Adler Volleyball V.League Toto Oita factory gymnasium 1996 (as Miyoshi Department of Cardiology EKG, changed to current name from 2006)

Education[edit]

Oita City operates all public elementary and junior high schools, while the prefecture operates the high schools.

National universities[edit]

Prefectural universities[edit]

Private universities[edit]

High schools[edit]

  • Oita Uenogaoka High School
  • Oita Oginodai High School
  • Oita Kogyo High School
  • Oita Shogyo High School
  • Oita Tsurusaki High School
  • Oita Nishi Highs School
  • Oita Higashi High School
  • Oita Hofu High School (middle and high school)
  • Oita Maizuru High School
  • Oita Minami High School
  • Geijutsu Midorigaoka High School
  • Jouhou Kagaku High School
  • Tsurusaki Kogyo High School

Notable people from Ōita[edit]

Sister cities[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]