Ōuetsu Reppan Dōmei

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Northern Alliance
Ōuetsu Reppan Dōmei
Standard-bearer in 2006 Aizu parade.JPG
Standard-bearer in 2006 Aizu parade bearing the flag of the Ōuetsu Reppan Dōmei
Formation Spring 1868
Type Military and political alliance
Headquarters Shiroishi, Sendai Domain, Japan
Membership 31 Domains of Northern Japan
Official language Japanese
Meishu (Alliance Head) Prince Kitashirakawa Yoshihisa
Sotoku (Governor-General) Date Yoshikuni, Uesugi Narinori

The Ōuetsu Reppan Dōmei (奥羽越列藩同盟?) "Alliance of the domains of Mutsu (陸奥), Dewa (出羽) and Echigo (越後)", Northern Alliance (北部同盟 Hokubu Doumei?) or Oh-U-Etsu (奥羽越, Oh-shu (奥州), U-shu (羽州) and Etsu-shu (越州)) Confederation of Allied Domains (列藩同盟) was a Japanese military-political coalition established and disestablished over the course of several months in early to mid-1868 during the Boshin War (戊辰戦争). Its flag was either a white interwoven five-pointed star on a black field, or a black interwoven five-pointed star on a white field.

History[edit]

Sometimes referred to as the "Northern Alliance" (北部同盟) or "Reppan Domei" (列藩同盟), it centered around the Sendai (仙台藩), Yonezawa (米沢藩), and Nihonmatsu (二本松藩) domains, and drew together nearly all domains from the provinces of Mutsu (陸奥国) and Dewa (出羽国), several domains of northern Echigo Province (越後国), and even the Matsumae domain (松前藩) of Ezo (蝦夷地) (modern-day Hokkaidō (北海道)). Headquartered at Shiroishi Castle (白石城), the alliance's nominal head was Prince Kitashirakawa Yoshihisa (北白川宮能久親王), the onetime abbot of Kan'eiji Temple (寛永寺) in Edo (江戸) who fled north following the Satsuma-Chōshū (薩長) takeover of the city, who declared himself "Emperor Tobu" (東武皇帝), with Date Yoshikuni (伊達慶邦) of Sendai and Uesugi Narinori (上杉斉憲) of Yonezawa as the head of the Alliance. Although heteroclitic in nature, the Alliance formed of a combination of modern and traditional forces, and mobilized a total of about 50,000 soldiers. Though the alliance did its best to support the Aizu domain (会津藩), Aizu was not formally part of the alliance "Kaisho Alliance" (会庄同盟); neither was Shōnai (庄内藩).

In addition, though it technically no longer existed as a domain, the forces of the Hayashi clan (林忠崇) of the Jōzai Domain (請西藩) also fought on behalf of the Alliance.

While the alliance was a bold, innovative step that combined the military forces of several dozen domains, it was unable to fully act as a single, cohesive unit, and with the fall of Sendai and Aizu, it effectively collapsed.

Members of the Ōuetsu Reppan Dōmei[edit]

Troops from Sendai, following their mobilization in April, joined the Northern Alliance against Imperial troops in May 1868.
Flag
Domain Ruling Family Province
Matsumae Matsumae Ezo
Akita Satake Dewa
Morioka Nanbu Mutsu
Yonezawa Uesugi Dewa
Nihonmatsu Niwa Mutsu
Hirosaki Tsugaru Mutsu
Shinjō Tozawa Dewa
Tanagura Abe Mutsu
Sōma Sōma Mutsu
Sendai Date Mutsu
Ichinoseki Tamura Mutsu
Miharu Akita Mutsu
Yamagata Mizuno Dewa
Kaminoyama Matsudaira Dewa
Iwakidaira Ando Mutsu
Fukushima Itakura Mutsu
Honjō Rokugō Dewa
Moriyama Matsudaira Mutsu
Izumi Honda Mutsu
Kameda Iwaki Dewa
Hachinohe Nanbu Mutsu
Tendō Oda Dewa
Yunagaya Naito Mutsu
Shimotedo Tachibana Mutsu
Yashima Ikoma Dewa
Shibata Mizoguchi Echigo
Nagaoka Makino Echigo
Murakami Naito Echigo
Muramatsu Hori Echigo
Mineyama Makino Echigo
Kurokawa Yanagisawa Echigo

Notes[edit]

References[edit]

  • Keene, Donald (2005). Emperor of Japan: Meiji and His World, 1852–1912. Columbia University Press. ISBN 0-231-12341-8. 
  • Hoshi, Ryoichi (1995). Ouetsu Reppan Domei: Higashi Nihon seifu juritsu no yume (Japanese). Chuo Koronsha. ISBN 4-12-101235-6. 
  • Ravina, Mark (2004). The Last Samurai: The Life and Battles of Saigō Takamori. Wiley. ISBN 0-471-08970-2. 

External links[edit]