Şırnak Province

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Şırnak Province
Şırnak ili
Province of Turkey
Dilopkê, Şırnak Province
Dilopkê, Şırnak Province
Location of Şırnak Province in Turkey
Location of Şırnak Province in Turkey
Country Turkey
Region Southeastern Anatolia
Capital Şırnak
Area
 • Total 7,172 km2 (2,769 sq mi)
Population (2010-12-31)[1]
 • Total 430,109
 • Density 60/km2 (160/sq mi)
Area code(s) 0486[2]
Vehicle registration 73

The Şırnak Province (Turkish: Şırnak ili, Kurdish: Parêzgeha Şirnex) is a Turkish province in southeastern Anatolia. As of 2013, the province had an estimated population of 475,255 people.[3]

History[edit]

Numerous conflicts have broken out in the province, and it is a hotbed for activity in the Kurdish-Turkish conflict. On 15-16 May 1992, a "particularly bloody clash" took place near the border with Iraq, during which 29 soldiers and near 100 Kurdistan Workers' Party (PKK) insurgents were killed.[4] On 18-20 August, a major battle broke out by the PKK took place in the city of Sirnak, the provincial capital, by some 700 fighters, holding the city for about 40 hours. During the battle over 20,000 of Şırnak's 25,000 inhabitants fled the town due to the violence. According to Turkish authorities, a total of 147 people were killed including 40 members of security forces, 85 rebels and 22 civilians.[5] A full-scale counterattack by the Turkish army caused serious damage to the city.[4] Turkish security forces responded by bombing, heavy shelling and firing on rebel positions in local houses and shops. Following the battle a curfew was imposed in the town.

On March 26 1994, an airstrike by two Turkish warplanes killed 24 civilians and wounded more in an attack on Kuskonar village.[6] On December 16, 1994, counter-terrorism units seized 1470 kilos of hashish and 180 kilos of cannabis in a raid on a PKK-KONGRA GEL shelter in Beytüşşebap district.[7]

In July 2001, a gendarme was killed by a landmine in the Beytüşşebap district. As a result, gendarmes drove out the inhabitants of the villages of Asat and Ortakl, and an explosion took place.[8] On June 15 2004, one soldier and a terrorist were killed and two soldiers were injured, and another soldier was killed the following day.[9] On February 15 2008, a demonstration was put on in Cizre, marking the ninth anniversary of the capture of Kurdish Workers' Party Abdullah Öcalan. A 16-year-old youth, Yahya Menekşe, died when he was caught under a police vehicle. A bitter legal battle followed.[10] The village guard system in the province is reported to be "particularly strong".[11]

Geography[edit]

Midin

The province borders Siirt Province to the north, Van Province to the northeast, Mardin Province to the west, Batman Province to the northwest, Syria to the southwest, and Iraq to the southeast.[12] Şırnak Province has some mountainous regions in the west and the south, but the majority of the province consists of plateaus, resulting from the many rivers that cross it. These include the Tigris, and its tributaries Hezil and Kızılsu, and also Çağlayan. The most important mountains are the Cudi (2089 m),[13] the Gabar, the Namaz and the Altın. Şırnak is the poorest province of Turkey with an average of 508 TL per capita.

Districts[edit]

Şırnak province is divided into 7 districts (capital district in bold):[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Turkish Statistical Institute, MS Excel document – Population of province/district centers and towns/villages and population growth rate by provinces
  2. ^ Area codes page of Turkish Telecom website (Turkish)
  3. ^ a b "Şırnak". Citypopulation.de. Retrieved 20 September 2014. 
  4. ^ a b Ayalon, Ami (1 November 1994). Middle East Contemporary Survey. The Moshe Dayan Center. pp. 758–9. ISBN 978-0-8133-2133-2. 
  5. ^ "Kurds". Asylumlaw.org. Retrieved 20 September 2014. 
  6. ^ Ron, James (1995). Weapons Transfers and Violations of the Laws of War in Turkey. Human Rights Watch. p. 11. ISBN 978-1-56432-161-9. 
  7. ^ Nikbay, O.; Hancerli, S. (29 June 2007). Understanding and Responding to the Terrorism Phenomenon: A Multi-Dimensional Perspective. IOS Press. p. 144. ISBN 978-1-60750-249-4. 
  8. ^ Human Rights Watch. Human Rights Watch. 2001. p. 45. 
  9. ^ Mango, Andrew (2005). Turkey and the War on Terror: For Forty Years We Fought Alone. Taylor & Francis. p. 52. ISBN 978-0-415-35002-0. 
  10. ^ Sinclair-Webb, Emma (2008). Closing Ranks Against Accountability: Barriers to Tackling Police Violence in Turkey. Human Rights Watch. p. 43. ISBN 978-1-56432-409-2. 
  11. ^ Sugden, Jonathan (2005). "Still Critical": Prospects in 2005 for Internally Displaced Kurds in Turkey. Human Rights Watch. p. 10. 
  12. ^ Google Inc. "Şırnak Province". Google Maps (Map). Cartography by Google, Inc. https://www.google.co.uk/maps/preview?q=Sirnak+Province&hl=en&ie=UTF-8&ei=QEwdVMyPF4fB7AbntoHwCg&ved=0CAYQ_AUoAQ&source=newuser-ws. Retrieved 20 September 2014.
  13. ^ Siirt 1973 (in Turkish). Ajans-Türk Matbaacilak Sanayii. 1973. p. 102. 

Coordinates: 37°26′58″N 42°34′28″E / 37.44944°N 42.57444°E / 37.44944; 42.57444