|Province of Turkey|
Dilopkê, Şırnak Province
Location of Şırnak Province in Turkey
|• Electoral district||Şırnak|
|• Total||7,172 km2 (2,769 sq mi)|
|• Density||60/km2 (160/sq mi)|
Numerous conflicts have broken out in the province, and it is a hotbed for activity in the Kurdish-Turkish conflict. On 15-16 May 1992, a "particularly bloody clash" took place near the border with Iraq, during which 29 soldiers and near 100 Kurdistan Workers' Party (PKK) insurgents were killed. On 18-20 August, a major battle broke out by the PKK took place in the city of Sirnak, the provincial capital, by some 700 fighters, holding the city for about 40 hours. During the battle over 20,000 of Şırnak's 25,000 inhabitants fled the town due to the violence. According to Turkish authorities, a total of 147 people were killed including 40 members of security forces, 85 rebels and 22 civilians. A full-scale counterattack by the Turkish army caused serious damage to the city. Turkish security forces responded by bombing, heavy shelling and firing on rebel positions in local houses and shops. Following the battle a curfew was imposed in the town.
On March 26 1994, an airstrike by two Turkish warplanes killed 24 civilians and wounded more in an attack on Kuskonar village. On December 16, 1994, counter-terrorism units seized 1470 kilos of hashish and 180 kilos of cannabis in a raid on a PKK-KONGRA GEL shelter in Beytüşşebap district.
In July 2001, a gendarme was killed by a landmine in the Beytüşşebap district. As a result, gendarmes drove out the inhabitants of the villages of Asat and Ortakl, and an explosion took place. On June 15 2004, one soldier and a terrorist were killed and two soldiers were injured, and another soldier was killed the following day. On February 15 2008, a demonstration was put on in Cizre, marking the ninth anniversary of the capture of Kurdish Workers' Party Abdullah Öcalan. A 16-year-old youth, Yahya Menekşe, died when he was caught under a police vehicle. A bitter legal battle followed. The village guard system in the province is reported to be "particularly strong".
The province borders Siirt Province to the north, Van Province to the northeast, Mardin Province to the west, Batman Province to the northwest, Syria to the southwest, and Iraq to the southeast. Şırnak Province has some mountainous regions in the west and the south, but the majority of the province consists of plateaus, resulting from the many rivers that cross it. These include the Tigris, and its tributaries Hezil and Kızılsu, and also Çağlayan. The most important mountains are the Cudi (2089 m), the Gabar, the Namaz and the Altın. Şırnak is the poorest province of Turkey with an average of 508 TL per capita.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Şırnak Province.|
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