Şehsuvar Sultan

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Şehsuvar Sultan
Şehsuvar Sultan.jpg
Born English: Mary, Turkish: Mari
1682[1]
Died April 16[2] – April 27, 1756[1]
Constantinople
Resting place
Nuruosmaniye Mosque, Istanbul
Residence Topkapı Palace
Other names Şehsuvar Valide Sultan, Şehsuvar Kadın, Valide Sultan Mari
Ethnicity Serb[3][4]
Known for Valide Sultan
Religion Eastern Orthodox Christian , converted later to Islam
Spouse(s) Mustafa II
Children Osman III
The burial place of Şehsuvar is in the Nuruosmaniye Mosque in Istanbul.

Şehsuvar Sultan (fully Devletlu İsmetlu Şehsuvar Valide Sultan Aliyyetü'ş-şân Hazretleri; 1682 – April 1756) was a Serbian noblewoman who was the consort to the Ottoman Sultan Mustafa II (r. 1695–1703) and Valide Sultan ("Mother Sultan") to their son Osman III (r. 1754–1757). Her resting place is located inside the Nuruosmaniye Mosque in Istanbul.

Life[edit]

A Serbian noblewoman,[3][4] her given name was Mary (Turkish: Mari[3][4] or Marya), and she was born in 1682.[1] She became the second concubine of Sultan Mustafa II (r. 1695–1703), after first concubine Saliha Sultan (born Elisaveta, a Greek), who was the mother of Mahmud I (r. 1730-1754).[5] According to other sources she was a Russian.[6][7][8][9] The women of the Ottoman sultan lived in the Imperial Harem, one of the most important elements of the Ottoman court. The Haseki sultan ("Mother of a Prince") was the second most powerful woman of the harem after the Valide Sultan. According to Ottoman tradition, she was given an Arabic name.[10] Şehsuvar and Mustafa II had one son, Osman III, born on January 2, 1699.[11]

The Edirne event saw Mustafa II dethroned, with his brother Ahmed III succeeding as the new Sultan (r. 1703–1730). Mahmud I, Mustafa II's first son and the older half-brother of Osman III, succeeded as Sultan following Patrona Halil's orchestrated riot.[12] Mahmud I was then succeeded by his half-brother Osman III, thus Şehsuvar became the new Valide sultan.[13]

She was buried in the Nuruosmaniye Mosque, located in the Çemberlitaş neighbourhood of Fatih district in Istanbul, on 27 April 1756. The mosque had been finished during the rule of Osman III, who buried his mother (Şehsuvar) in a separate türbe (tomb).[14]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Osman Gazi'den Sultan Vahidüddin Han'a Osmanlı tarihi, Volume 4. Çamlıca Basım Yayın. "ŞEHSUVAR VALİDE SULTAN (1682-27 Receb 1169/27 Nisan 1756)" 
  2. ^ Dünden bugüne İstanbul ansiklopedisi. 1994. p. 156. "16 Nisan 1756'da Şehsuvar Valide Sultan öldü." 
  3. ^ a b c Ali Kemal Meram (1977). Padişah anaları: resimli belgesel tarih romanı. p. 355. "İkinci Mustafa'nın (Şehsuvar Sultan) takma adlı câriyesi Sırp kızı Mari'den doğan oğlu Üçüncü Osman ve yeni Pâdişâh anaları (1754-1757)" 
  4. ^ a b c Günseli İnal, Semiramis Arşivi (2005). Semiramis: Sultan'ın gözünden şenlik. p. 27. "Osman'in annesi Sirp Mari yani §ehsiivar Sultan" 
  5. ^ İkinci Mustafa'nın (Saliha Sultan) takma adlı cariyesi Rum kızı Aleksandra'dan doğan oğlu Birinci Mâhmut (Ali Kemal Meram, Padisah Anaları, Öz Yayınları, 1977, p. 347.)
  6. ^ Christopher Buyers. "The Royal Ark – Royal and Ruling Houses of Africa, Asia, Oceania and the Americas". 4dw.net. Retrieved 6 February 2014. 
  7. ^ Daud Azad. Jew Or Zionist. Azad Publications. 
  8. ^ Godfrey Goodwin (1999). Topkapi Palace: an illustrated guide to its life & personalities. Saqi Books. 
  9. ^ Mehmet Süreyya Bey (1969). Osmanlı devletinde kim kimdi, Volume 1. Küğ Yayını. 
  10. ^ Meram 1977, p. 361:

    Pâdişah anası Vâlide Şehsuvar Sultan (Mari), her iki gelinine, Osmanlı geleneğince birer Arapça ad koydu.

  11. ^ Osmanlı padişahları ve Musevi tebalarına ilişkin kısa tarihçe. 1999. p. 136. "Anası (Mother): Şehsuvar Valide Sultan Doğum Tarihi : 2 Ocak 1699 Ölüm Tarihi : 30 Ekim 1757 Bom : January 2nd 1 699 Deceased : October 30th ..." 
  12. ^ Shaw, Stanford J. and Shaw, Ezel Kural (1976). History of the Ottoman Empire and Modern Turkey, volume 1: Empire of the Gazis: the rise and decline of the Ottoman Empire, 1280-1808. Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press. p. 240. ISBN 0-521-21280-4. 
  13. ^ John Freely (1996). Istanbul: the imperial city. p. 255. 
  14. ^ The garden of the mosques: Hafiz Hüseyin al-Ayvansarayī's guide to the Muslim monuments of Ottoman Istanbul. 
Ottoman royalty
Preceded by
Saliha Sultan
Valide Sultan
13 December 1754 – April 1756
Succeeded by
Mihrişah Sultan