Šavnik

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
For the river, see Šavnik (river).
Šavnik
Шавник
Šavnik is located in Montenegro
Šavnik
Šavnik
Location of Šavnik in Montenegro
Coordinates: 42°57′N 19°06′E / 42.95°N 19.10°E / 42.95; 19.10Coordinates: 42°57′N 19°06′E / 42.95°N 19.10°E / 42.95; 19.10
Country  Montenegro
Settlements 27
Government
 • Mayor Velimir Perišić (DPS)
 • Ruling party DPS - SDP
Area
 • Total 553 km2 (214 sq mi)
Population (2003 census)
 • Total 570
 • Density 5.3/km2 (14/sq mi)
 • Municipality 2,947
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 81450
Area code +382 40
ISO 3166-2 code ME-18
Car plates ŠN
Website www.savnik.cg.yu

Šavnik (Serbian Cyrillic: Шавник, pronounced [ʃǎv̞niːk]) is a city in Montenegro, on the Šavnik river. It is the central settlement of the Šavnik Municipality.

History[edit]

Šavnik is a relatively new settlement, founded in 1861. It was populated by internal migrants from other parts of Montenegro, mostly craftsmen, which were needed by local farmers. The town quickly became a center for the Drobnjaci region, and incorporated a post office, school, primary court, and military post.

Industrialization during the SFR Yugoslavia era mostly bypassed Šavnik, so did any major transit road or rail links, so the economy of town went into stagnation. Population of Šavnik and entire municipality is since in slow but steady decrease. Most of the residents are migrating to Nikšić and southern Montenegro, and Šavnik is often a synonym for a poor and deteriorating town.

The future road Risan - Nikšić - Šavnik - Žabljak, and proximity of Žabljak as a main mountain tourist resort in Montenegro may boost Šavnik's economic prospects.


Transport[edit]

Šavnik is situated on a regional road halfway between Nikšić and Žabljak, and it is its only link with the rest of Montenegro.