Škoda Superb

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Škoda Superb
SkodaSuperbII.jpg
Overview
Manufacturer Škoda Auto
Production 1934–1949
2001–present
Body and chassis
Class Large family car (D-segment)

The Škoda Superb is an automobile produced by the Czech car manufacturer Škoda Auto from 1934 to 1949, and from 2001 to present, as its flagship model.

The original Škoda Superb, produced between 1934 and 1949, was a luxury car and was the automaker's first car available with all wheel drive and a V8 engine.

The first modern version, produced from 2001 to 2008, was based on the platform of the Volkswagen Passat and shared with it some mechanical components, but was elongated by 10 centimetres (3.9 in). The second version is based on the Volkswagen Group A6 PQ46 platform and is currently the largest and most luxurious model in Škoda's model range. Due to its 2,761 millimetres (108.7 in) wheelbase it is also considered a competitor for some executive cars.[1]

Original Superbs (1934–1949)[edit]

Škoda Superb
SkodaSuperB.jpg
1939 Škoda Superb OHV
Overview
Production 1934–1943
1946–1949
Assembly Mladá Boleslav, Czechoslovakia (ASAP)
Designer Vladimír Matouš

Background[edit]

The Superb, which debuted in 1934, was Škoda's first car available with V8 engine and all-wheel drive.

Škoda introduced a new line of cars in 1930s that significantly differed from its previous products. A new design of chassis with backbone tube and all-around independent suspension was developed under the leadership of chief engineer Vladimír Matouš and derived from the one introduced by Hans Ledwinka at Tatra. First used on the 420 Standard in 1933, it aimed at solving the problem of insufficient torsional stiffness of the ladder frame.[2]

The new chassis design became the basis for the Popular, Rapid, Favorit, and Superb.[2] While in 1933 Škoda had a 14% share of the Czechoslovak car market, behind Praga and Tatra, the new line made it a market leader by 1936, with a 39% share in 1938.[2]

The Superb was introduced in 1934, at the time being Škoda's second highest type after the 650 (discontinued the same year) and costing about double the price of a Rapid, similar to its contemporary pricing policy. The Superb was a successor type to 860, a luxurious limousine with straight-eight engine, built 1929-1932.[3]

Design[edit]

The central supporting tube was split up in front, making place for attachment of the engine and gearbox. The drive shaft inside of the tube was powering rear wheels. All wheels had relatively independent suspension with leaf springs (one in the front and two in the rear). Four drum brakes were using hydraulic system, while mechanical handbrake was effective only on rear wheels.[3]

Specifications[edit]

Model Type Production
years
Units
made
Engine Horse-
power
Top speed
(km/h)
Avg.
L/100km
Length Width Height
Superb 640 1934–39 201 2.5 L I6 SV 55 110 17 5,500 mm (216.5 in) 1,700 mm (66.9 in) 1,700 mm (66.9 in)
Superb 902 1936–37 53 2.7 L I6 SV 60 115 17 5,500 mm (216.5 in) 1,700 mm (66.9 in) 1,700 mm (66.9 in)
Superb 913 1936–39 350 2.9 L I6 SV 65 120 17 5,500 mm (216.5 in) 1,700 mm (66.9 in) 1,700 mm (66.9 in)
Superb OHV 924 1938–43
1946–49
275 3.1 L I6 OHV 85 125 18 5,200 mm (204.7 in) 1,760 mm (69.3 in) /
1,800 mm (70.9 in)
1,710 mm (67.3 in) /
1,720 mm (67.7 in)
Superb 3000 952
956
1941–43
1942–43
1631 3.1 L I6 OHV 85 100
90
18 4,800 mm (189.0 in) 1,800 mm (70.9 in) 1,720 mm (67.7 in)
Superb 4000 919 1939–40 12 4.0 L V8 OHV 96 135 24 5,700 mm (224.4 in) 1,800 mm (70.9 in) 1,750 mm (68.9 in)
1939 Superb OHV rear view
Škoda Superb emblem

First and second generation (Type 640)[edit]

The first engine used in Superb was an in-line six cylinder flathead with 2,492 cc. It had a dry clutch and four speed gear-box with synchronization of the 3rd and 4th gear. The car was offered with bodywork with either 4 or 6 seats. The chassis weighted 1130 kg and whole car, depending on version, some 1680 kg. Two series of this type were made.[3]

Third generation (Type 902)[edit]

A new generation of Superb was introduced in May 1936 as type 902.

When Škoda introduced Superb in 1934, one of its main Czechoslovak competitors, Tatra, started manufacturing its V8 type 77, the world's first serially produced aerodynamic car. Accordingly, 902 had more rounded bodywork and front face more similar to the smaller Popular and Rapid. The engine was enlarged to 2,703 cc and it was fitted to a new gearbox with aluminum case.[3]

The 902 was available as four- or six-seat saloon car and as a two-door cabriolet. Also available was a saloon car with longer and more aerodynamic body made by Sodomka.[3]

Fourth generation (Type 913)[edit]

Another change came in October 1936, with the Superb type 913. The front of the car was redesigned and its flathead in-line six engine was enlarged to 2,914 cc.[3]

Type 913 was available in three basic versions: a six- or seven-seat limousine, five-seat saloon, and five-seat two-door car. Other less common versions included luxury two-door cabriolet, ambulance cars, vans, and a pick-up truck. Production ended in February 1939.[3]

From 1939, the Superb had spare wheels placed behind the front mudguard instead of under the floor of the trunk.

Fifth generation[edit]

Erwin Rommel helping to free up his staff car, Superb Kfz 21. Out of the field, Rommel was using another Czech car, Tatra 87.
Type 924[edit]

The first prototype of the type 924 was made in 1937, however it did not enter production until 1939 (with a dozen 913 models using the 924 engine being made in 1938). The car had a new 3,140 cc OHV engine, an extended wheelbase and shorter, more rounded bodywork. The 924 is characterized by spare-wheels located behind the front mudguards.[3]

The main version was a six-seat limousine. Its middle row of seats could be folded, allowing more space for the passengers in the rear.[3]

After the war, production of the Superb continued in small numbers throughout 1947-48, with 60 saloons and 100 open-top cars made, some of them in a luxurious version intended for parades. Officially, they were all delivered to the Czechoslovak Ministry of Interior.[3]

Types 952 and 956[edit]

In 1941–43, Škoda produced a military version of the 924 model for the Wehrmacht and its Nazi Allies. The production took place in then Nazi-occupied Bohemia and began with a rear-wheel drive version called 952 and culminated, briefly, with the all-wheel drive type 956.[4]

There were three military versions available: Kfz 21, a luxury command cabriolet used by high officers in the field such as General Heinz Guderian and Field Marshal Erwin Rommel[5] (100 made),[4] Kfz 15, a personnel-carrier and a raid car (1,600 made)[4] and as a military ambulance (30 made).[4]

Superb 4000 (Type 919)[edit]

In 1939, Škoda introduced the Superb Type 4000. With an OHV V8 engine having 3,990 cc, this model was extended in length to 5,700 mm (224.4 in). Unlike the inline-six models, the V8 had three gears with second and third gears synchronized. Only twelve cars of this type were made.[3]

Several historical Škoda Superb cars can be seen at the Škoda Auto Museum in Mladá Boleslav.

First generation (Typ 3U; 2001–2008)[edit]

Škoda Superb B5 (3U)
SkodaSuperb.jpg
Overview
Production December 2001–March 2008
Assembly Kvasiny, Czech Republic
Aurangabad, India (Škoda India)
Anting, China (Shanghai Volkswagen)
Solomonovo, Ukraine (Eurocar)
Ust-Kamenogorsk, Kazakhstan[6]
Body and chassis
Body style 4-door sedan
Layout Longitudinal front-engine, front-wheel drive / all-wheel drive
Platform Volkswagen Group B5 (PL45+)
Related Volkswagen Passat Lingyu
Powertrain
Engine 1.8 L I4 turbo (petrol)
2.0 L I4 (petrol)
2.8 L V6 (petrol)
1.9 L I4 (diesel)
2.0 L I4 (diesel)
2.5 L V6 (diesel)
Transmission 5-speed manual
6-speed manual
5-speed automatic
Dimensions
Wheelbase 2,803 mm (110.4 in)
Length 4,803 mm (189.1 in)
Width 1,765 mm (69.5 in)
Height 1,489 mm (58.6 in)
Rear ¾ of facelifted Škoda Superb in Laurin & Klement trim

The first generation of the modern Škoda Superb used the Volkswagen Group B5 PL45+ platform from the 1999 Shanghai-Volkswagen Passat B5 LWB, whose wheelbase is 10 centimetres (3.9 in) longer than the standard Passat B5. In 2005, Shanghai Volkswagen imported the Superb B5, rebadging it as the Volkswagen Passat Lingyu.[7] In 2009, one year after Škoda Superb B5 had been discontinued in Europe, the facelifted SVW Passat Lingyu was unveiled in China.[8] In 2011, SVW Passat Lingyu was discontinued, succeeded by SVW Passat NMS.

Several petrol and diesel internal combustion engines are shared with the rest of the Volkswagen Group range; and like the B5 Passat and B6/B7 Audi A4 which use the same automobile platform, they are mounted at the front, and orientated longitudinally. The base model, the 'Classic', included the 1.9 litre inline four cylinder (I4) Turbocharged Direct Injection (TDI) turbodiesel producing 74 kilowatts (101 PS; 99 bhp), or a 2.0 litre petrol inline-four rated at 85 kW (116 PS; 114 bhp). The 'Comfort' and 'Elegance' models offered with a 1.8 20-valve Turbo petrol I4 rated at 119 kW (162 PS; 160 bhp), or either a 142 kW (193 PS; 190 bhp) V6 2.8 litre petrol engine, or a 2.5 litre V6 TDI rated at 120 kW (163 PS; 161 bhp).

Transmissions included a five-speed or a six-speed manual gearbox, or a ZF-sourced five-speed tiptronic automatic. In addition to the 1.9 litre "Pumpe Düse" (PD) Unit Injector engine, the Superb eventually gained the 103 kW (140 PS; 138 bhp) 2.0 litre TDI.

The Superb received a minor facelift in August 2006[9] incorporating Škoda's new radiator grille, headlights, side-repeater indicators integrated into the door mirrors, and C-shaped tail lights in the style of Škoda Roomster and latest Škoda Octavia. An interior redesign completed the upgrades. A 'Laurin and Klement' model became the top of the range, replacing the 'Elegance' model. A range of new engines was introduced and the interior featured real wood as part of some trim levels. The 'Comfort', 'Elegance' and 'Laurin & Klement' models feature an umbrella stowed in the rear door panel.

Engines[edit]

Engine Power Torque Top speed 0-60 mph (seconds) Avg. mpg[clarification needed]
2.0 I4 115 hp (86 kW; 117 PS) 127 lb·ft (172 N·m) 122 mph (196 km/h) 11.6 32.8
1.8 I4 TFSi 150 hp (112 kW; 152 PS) 155 lb·ft (210 N·m) 134 mph (216 km/h) 9.5 34.0
2.8 V6 193 hp (144 kW; 196 PS) 207 lb·ft (281 N·m) 147 mph (237 km/h) 8.0 28.2
1.9 I4TDi PD 104 hp (78 kW; 105 PS) 185 lb·ft (251 N·m) 119 mph (192 km/h) 12.3 47.9
2.0 I4TDi PD 140 hp (104 kW; 142 PS) 236 lb·ft (320 N·m) 133 mph (214 km/h) 9.6 44.1
2.5 V6 TDi PD 163 hp (122 kW; 165 PS) 258 lb·ft (350 N·m) 139 mph (224 km/h) 9.2 35.8

Second generation (Typ 3T; 2008–present)[edit]

Škoda Superb B6 (3T)
Škoda Superb II TSI.JPG
Overview
Production 2008–present
Model years 2009–present
Assembly Kvasiny, Czech Republic
Anting, China (Shanghai Volkswagen)
Aurangabad, India (Škoda India)
Ust-Kamenogorsk, Kazakhstan
Body and chassis
Body style 4-door sedan
5-door estate
Layout Front-engine, front-wheel-drive or four-wheel-drive
Platform Volkswagen Group A6 PQ46
Related Volkswagen Passat Mk6
Powertrain
Engine 1.4 L I4 turbo (petrol)
1.8 L I4 turbo (petrol)
2.0 L I4 turbo (petrol)
3.6 L VR6 (petrol)
1.6 L I4 (diesel)
1.9 L I4 (diesel)
2.0 L I4 (diesel)
2.0 L I4 (diesel)
Transmission 5-speed manual
6-speed manual
6-speed automatic (DSG)
7-speed automatic (DSG)
Dimensions
Wheelbase 2,761 mm (108.7 in)
Length 4,838 mm (190.5 in)
Width 1,817 mm (71.5 in)
Height 1,462 mm (57.6 in)

An all new Škoda Superb (B6, Typ 3T) was unveiled at the Geneva Motor Show in early March 2008.[10]

Based on a stretched version of the latest A5 Octavia platform, the Volkswagen Group A6 PQ46, this new Superb is a five-door five-seat liftback saloon/sedan, with an innovative rear door that can double as a regular separate saloon boot, and full liftback, known as 'Twin-Door'. Being based on the Octavia A5 platform, this latest Superb now utilises a transverse engine layout.

Petrol engine options include five Volkswagen Group sourced units; consisting of an entry-level 92 kilowatts (125 PS; 123 bhp) 1.4-litre inline-four cylinder (I4) TFSI (with a turbocharger and Fuel Stratified Injection), a 118 kW (160 PS; 158 bhp) 1.8-litre I4 TFSI, a 147 kW (200 PS; 197 bhp) 2.0-litre I4 TFSI, a flagship 3.6-litre 191 kW (260 PS; 256 bhp) FSI VR6 engine (a detuned version of that fitted in the Passat R36) complete with 4motion four-wheel drive and six-speed Direct-Shift Gearbox (DSG). Diesel engine options will include 2.0-litre I4 Turbocharged Direct Injection (TDI) with common rail which is rated at 103 kW (140 PS; 138 bhp), 2.0-litre I4 TDI 125 kW (170 PS; 168 bhp) with common rail, and a 77 kW (105 PS; 103 bhp) 1.9-litre I4 TDI Greenline with reduced fuel consumption.

Trim levels available in the majority of Europe are the 'Comfort', 'Ambition', 'Elegance', 'Greenline', 'Exclusive' and 'Laurin & Klement' (May 2012) - with Laurin & Klement being top of the range. In the UK market, the levels available are 'S', 'SE', 'Elegance', 'Laurin & Klement' and 'Greenline'. Transmissions include five- and six-speed manual gearboxes, and the popular automatic Direct-Shift Gearbox (DSG) with either six- or seven-speeds, as an option on almost all engine/trim combinations. The wheels are choice of 16", 17" and 18".

A 'Combi' five-door estate version of the Skoda Superb was presented to the press in June 2009, and debuted at the Frankfurt Motor Show in September 2009.[11]

The Škoda Superb 3.6 FSI 4x4 is currently Škoda's most luxurious and fastest production car, with a top speed 250 km/h and acceleration of 0–100 km/h in 6.5 seconds.

Superb includes Bi-Xenon headlamps with AFS and headlamp washers, front proximity sensors, park assist system, tyre pressure monitoring system, navigation system and large 6.5” colour touch-screen display, TV broadcast receiver, electrically adjustable seat and mirrors, rain sensors, sunroof with solar panels that allow a parked car the circulation of cool air and cooling tray for drinks, changer for 6 CDs with a slot for an SD or MMC card, heated seats and ventilated front seats upholstered in leather, with 633 litres of luggage space.

Reception[edit]

It was named Luxury Car of the Year in 2009 by Top Gear Magazine.[12] In the German magazine, Auto, Motor und Sport, Superb won the first place at best cars of the 2012 survey with more than 29% votes in imported cars category.[13]

Engines[edit]

Model Years Engine and code Displ. Power Top speed 0–100 km/h Torque
1.4 TSI 2008- I4 16V CAXC 1390 cc 92 kW (125 PS; 123 hp) at 5000 rpm 201 km/h 10.5 s 200 N·m (150 lb·ft) at 1500-4000 rpm
1.8 TSI 2008- I4 16V 1798 cc 118 kW (160 PS; 158 hp) at 4500-6200 rpm 220 km/h 8.6 s 250 N·m (180 lb·ft) at 1500-4500 rpm
2.0 TSI 2008- I4 16V CCZA 1984 cc 147 kW (200 PS; 197 hp) at 5100-6000 rpm 240 km/h 7.8 s 280 N·m (210 lb·ft) at 1700-5000 rpm
3.6 FSI VR6 2008- VR6 24V CDVA 3597 cc 191 kW (260 PS; 256 hp) at 6000 rpm 250 km/h 6.5 s 350 N·m (260 lb·ft) at 2500-5000 rpm
1.6 TDI CR DPF 2009- I4 16V CAYC 1598 cc 77 kW (105 PS; 103 hp) at 4400 rpm 190 km/h 12.5 s 250 N·m (180 lb·ft) at 1500-2500 rpm
2.0 TDI CR DPF 2008- I4 16V CFFB 1968 cc 103 kW (140 PS; 138 hp) at 4200 rpm 207 km/h 10.2 s 320 N·m (240 lb·ft) at 1750-2500 rpm
2.0 TDI CR DPF 2008- I4 16V CBBB 1968 cc 125 kW (170 PS; 168 hp) at 4200 rpm 222 km/h 8.8 s 350 N·m (260 lb·ft) at 1750-2500 rpm
1.9 TDI PD DPF (GreenLine only) 2008-2010 I4 8V BLS/BXE 1896 cc 77 kW (105 PS; 103 hp) at 4000 rpm 190 km/h 12.5 s 250 N·m (180 lb·ft) at 1900 rpm
2.0 TDI PD DPF 2008-2009 I4 8V BMP 1968 cc 103 kW (140 PS; 138 hp) at 4000 rpm 207 km/h 10.2 s 320 N·m (240 lb·ft) at 1800-2500 rpm
Front of facelifted Škoda Superb B6
Rear of facelifted Škoda Superb B6

Facelift[edit]

In April 2013, Škoda unveiled a facelifted Superb in Shanghai, with an updated design and logo. New features include: electrically operated front and rear passenger seats and improved electrical functions for the boot/trunk. It was released for sale in the European market in June 2013.[14]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Skoda Superb 1.8 TSI Elegance 4X4 Estate". The Automobile Association. February 2010. Retrieved 21 August 2013. 
  2. ^ a b c Králík, Jan (2008), V soukolí okřídleného šípu, Grada Publishing, pp. 19–22 
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Schwartz, Jiří; Wohlmuth, Jiří (2005), Automobily Škoda Superb: Konstrukce, technické hodnoty, údržba, Grada Publishing, p. 9 
  4. ^ a b c d Jackson, Robert (2010), Tanky a další vojenská vozidla, Grada Publishing, p. 75 
  5. ^ Lepage, Jean-Denis (2007), German Military Vehicles of World War II:An Illustrated Guide to Cars, Trucks, Half-tracks, Motorcycles , Amphibious Vehicles And Others, McFarland, p. 64 
  6. ^ "Ao"Азия Авто"". Aziaavto.kz. Retrieved 2010-12-07. 
  7. ^ "帕萨特到领驭 追溯PASSAT六年改变历程". 搜狐汽车 (in Simplified Chinese). 24 March 2006. Retrieved 24 May 2013. 
  8. ^ "帕萨特新领驭成都解密". 搜狐汽车 (in Simplified Chinese). 22 April 2009. Retrieved 24 May 2013. 
  9. ^ WorldCarFans.com (2006-06-26). "2007 Škoda Superb minor facelift". Retrieved 2007-07-19. 
  10. ^ AutoWeb.cz, ČTK (2007-06-07). "Ekonom: Nový Superb bude v březnu 2008". Retrieved 2007-07-19. 
  11. ^ Ostmann, Bernd, ed. (18 June 2009). "Skoda Superb Kombi". Auto, Motor und Sport 14: 8–9. 
  12. ^ "Skoda Yeti and Superb get Top Gear awards". MotorTorque.com. 2009-12-08. Retrieved 2012-03-29. 
  13. ^ "Superb zvítězil v anketě Nejlepší auta roku 2012". Skoda Auto. 2012-01-26. Retrieved 2012-01-26. 
  14. ^ "Škoda odhalila nový Superb. Nabízí úspornější motory, do prodeje jde v červnu 2013 Škoda Superb announced in Shanghai". ihned.cz. 4 April 2013. Retrieved 1 July 2014. 

External links[edit]