Šumadija District

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Šumadija District
Шумадијски округ
Šumadijski okrug
District of Serbia
Location of Šumadija District in Serbia
Location of Šumadija District in Serbia
Country  Serbia
Administrative centre Kragujevac
Government
 • Commissioner n/a
Area
 • Total 2,387 km2 (922 sq mi)
Population (2011 census)
 • Total 293,308
 • Density 122.9/km2 (318/sq mi)
Municipalities 6 and 1 city
Settlements 174
- Cities and towns 5
- Villages 169

The Šumadija District (Serbian: Шумадијски округ / Šumadijski okrug) is a district of Serbia located in the central part of the country. It has a population of 293,308, and the administrative centre of the Šumadija district seat is Kragujevac. The district is named after the larger region of Šumadija.

Municipalities[edit]

The Šumadija District is divided into 6 municipalities and the city of Kragujevac. The municipalities of the district are:

Map of the Šumadija District

The city of Kragujevac is divided into the five municipalities of:

Demographics[edit]

According to the last official census done in 2011, the Šumadija District had 293,308 inhabitants. 64.9% of the population lived in urban areas. The ethnic composition of the district:

Ethnic group Population
Serbs 282,772
Roma 2,095
Montenegrins 927
Macedonians 421
Croats 281
Yugoslavs 266
Muslims 126
Gorani 103
Others 6,307
Total 293,308

Culture and history[edit]

In the vicinity of Kragujevac stand several medieval monasteries, including the Annunciation monastery Divostin from the thirteenth century; the St. Nicholas monastery, believed to have existed at the time of the Battle of Kosovo in 1389; and the Drača monastery from unknown times.

In 1833 the Kragujevac Grammar School, the first Serb-language grammar school south of the Sava and Danube rivers, was founded in Kragujevac. Over the last fifty years this city of Serbian schooling has borne a symbol of grief: in the Memorial Park in Šumarice stands a monument to the pupils and teachers of this grammar school who were executed in World War II. Seeking to set a frightening example for all Serbia, German fascists executed 7,000 citizens in Kragujevac over the course of a single day, October 21, 1941. Among them were about 300 pupils and 18 teachers, including 15 boys from the ages of 8 to 15.

Economy[edit]

Today Kragujevac is a modern industrial center of Serbia. The most famous business is the Zastava car factory, now part of FIAT, which produced the famous Yugo automobile. Also prominent are the "21 Oktobar" factory which produces spare car parts, and the Zastava Arms firearms manufacturer.

See also[edit]

Coordinates: 43°59′N 20°53′E / 43.983°N 20.883°E / 43.983; 20.883