Ve (Cyrillic)

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Not to be confused with the Latin letter B.
Cyrillic letter Ve
Cyrillic letter Ve - uppercase and lowercase.svg
Numeric value: 2
The Cyrillic script
Slavic letters
А Б В Г Ґ Д Ђ
Ѓ Е Ѐ Ё Є Ж З
Ѕ И Ѝ І Ї Й Ј
К Л Љ М Н Њ О
П Р С Т Ћ Ќ У
Ў Ф Х Ц Ч Џ Ш
Щ Ъ Ы Ь Э Ю Я
Non-Slavic letters
Ӑ Ӓ Ә Ӛ Ӕ Ғ Ҕ
Ӻ Ӷ Ԁ Ԃ Ԫ Ԭ
Ӗ Ӂ Җ Ӝ Ԅ Ҙ Ӟ
Ԑ Ӡ Ԇ Ӣ Ҋ Ӥ Қ
Ӄ Ҡ Ҟ Ҝ Ԟ Ԛ Ӆ
Ԓ Ԡ Ԯ Ԉ Ԕ Ӎ Ӊ
Ң Ӈ Ҥ Ԣ Ԩ Ԋ Ӧ
Ө Ӫ Ҩ Ԥ Ҧ Ҏ Ԗ
Ҫ Ԍ Ҭ Ԏ Ӯ Ӱ Ӳ
Ү Ұ Ҳ Ӽ Ӿ Һ Ԧ
Ҵ Ҷ Ӵ Ӌ Ҹ Ҽ
Ҿ Ӹ Ҍ Ӭ Ԙ Ԝ Ӏ
Archaic letters
Ҁ Ѻ ОУ Ѡ Ѿ Ѣ
Ѥ Ѧ Ѫ Ѩ Ѭ Ѯ
Ѱ Ѳ Ѵ Ѷ

Ve (В в; italics: В в) is a letter of the Cyrillic script.

It commonly represents the voiced labiodental fricative /v/, like the pronunciation of v in "very".

The capital letter Ve is shaped exactly like the capital Latin letter B but is pronounced differently.

Ve is usually romanized using the Latin letter V, but sometimes using the Latin letter W.[citation needed]

History[edit]

Ve and the Cyrillic letter Be (Б б) were both derived from the Greek letter Beta (Β β), which already represented /v/ in Greek by the time the Cyrillic alphabet was created.

In the Early Cyrillic alphabet its name was вѣдѣ (vědě), meaning "I know".

In the Cyrillic numeral system, Ve had the value of 2.

Usage[edit]

In Russian and Bulgarian, Ve generally represents /v/, but at the end of a word or before voiceless consonants it represents the voiceless [f] and before a palatalizing vowel it represents /vʲ/.

In standard Ukrainian pronunciation (based on the Poltava dialect), Ve represents a sound like the English W ([w]) when in the word final position. Because of this, it is not uncommon to see words ending in в transcribed to end in w, for example, Владислав = Vladyslaw for Vladislav.

Additionally, some Ukrainians also use this pronunciation in words where the letter is directly preceded by a consonant, while for others all occurrences of the letter Ve denote [w]. In the Eastern Ukraine, the letter Ve may represent a voiceless [f], but this is considered a Russianism, as word-final devoicing does not occur in standard Ukrainian. For example, the standard Ukrainian pronunciation of the word сказав (being said) is /skazaw/. However in the Eastern Ukraine one is likely to hear the Russified [skazaf] (with final devoicing).

In Belarusian, the letter Ve represents only the sound /v/. In the word final position, or if directly proceeded by a consonant, it mutates to the letter Short U (Ў ў), a Belarusian letter representing the sound /w/. E.g., the Belarusian noun "language" is мова (mova), but the adjectival form is моўны (mowny), and the genitive plural of the noun (formed by removing the final а) is моў (mow).

In Serbian, the letter Ve represents only the sound /v/.

In Macedonian the letter is used for the sound /v/, but if the letter appears at the end of the word then it is pronounced as /f/. An example of this is the word бев [bɛf] ('I was').

In Mongolian, it is used for /w/.

Related letters and other similar characters[edit]

Computing codes[edit]

Character В в
Unicode name CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER VE CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER VE
Encodings decimal hex decimal hex
Unicode 1042 U+0412 1074 U+0432
UTF-8 208 146 D0 92 208 178 D0 B2
Numeric character reference В В в в
KOI8-R and KOI8-U 247 F7 215 D7
CP 855 236 EC 235 EB
Windows-1251 194 C2 226 E2
ISO-8859-5 178 B2 210 D2
Mac Cyrillic 130 82 226 E2

External links[edit]

  • The dictionary definition of В at Wiktionary
  • The dictionary definition of в at Wiktionary