U (Cyrillic)

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Cyrillic letter U
Cyrillic letter U - uppercase and lowercase.svg
The Cyrillic script
Slavic letters
А Б В Г Ґ Д Ђ
Ѓ Е Ѐ Ё Є Ж З
Ѕ И Ѝ І Ї Й Ј
К Л Љ М Н Њ О
П Р С Т Ћ Ќ У
Ў Ф Х Ц Ч Џ Ш
Щ Ъ Ы Ь Э Ю Я
Non-Slavic letters
Ӑ Ӓ Ә Ӛ Ӕ Ғ Ҕ
Ӻ Ӷ Ԁ Ԃ Ԫ Ԭ
Ӗ Ӂ Җ Ӝ Ԅ Ҙ Ӟ
Ԑ Ӡ Ԇ Ӣ Ҋ Ӥ Қ
Ӄ Ҡ Ҟ Ҝ Ԟ Ԛ Ӆ
Ԓ Ԡ Ԯ Ԉ Ԕ Ӎ Ӊ
Ң Ӈ Ҥ Ԣ Ԩ Ԋ Ӧ
Ө Ӫ Ҩ Ԥ Ҧ Ҏ Ԗ
Ҫ Ԍ Ҭ Ԏ Ӯ Ӱ Ӳ
Ү Ұ Ҳ Ӽ Ӿ Һ Ԧ
Ҵ Ҷ Ӵ Ӌ Ҹ Ҽ
Ҿ Ӹ Ҍ Ӭ Ԙ Ԝ Ӏ
Archaic letters
Ҁ Ѻ ОУ Ѡ Ѿ Ѣ
Ѥ Ѧ Ѫ Ѩ Ѭ Ѯ
Ѱ Ѳ Ѵ Ѷ

U (У у; italics: У у) is a letter of the Cyrillic script. It commonly represents the close back rounded vowel /u/, somewhat like the pronunciation of oo in "boot". The forms of the Cyrillic letter U are similar to the lowercase of the Latin letter Y (Y y; Y y), but, as with most Cyrillic letters, the upper and lowercase forms are similar in shape differing mainly in size and vertical placement.

History[edit]

Historically, Cyrillic U evolved as a specifically East Slavic short form of the digraph оу used in ancient Slavic texts to represent /u/. The digraph was itself a direct loan from the Greek alphabet, where the combination ου (omicron-upsilon) was also used to represent /u/.

Consequently, the form of the letter is derived from Greek upsilon Υ υ, which was parallelly also taken over into the Cyrillic alphabet in another form, as Izhitsa Ѵ. (The letter Izhitsa was removed from the Russian alphabet in the orthography reform of 1917/19.)

It is normally romanised as "u", but in Kazakh, it is romanised as "w".

Related letters and other similar characters[edit]

  1. ^ However, many Dungan books are in fact set using Ӯ (with macron) instead of Ў with breve, e.g. the Dungan-Russian dictionary (1968). There is never an ambiguity, as this is the only У-with-a-diacritic in Dungan. It is used in Dungan syllables where pinyin would use -u, except in those with labial consonants (i.e. in du, ' nu, lu, gu, hu, zu, ru, etc., but not bu or mu)

Computing codes[edit]

Character У у
Unicode name CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER U CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER U
Encodings decimal hex decimal hex
Unicode 1059 U+0423 1091 U+0443
UTF-8 208 163 D0 A3 209 131 D1 83
Numeric character reference У У у у
KOI8-R and KOI8-U 245 F5 213 D5
Code page 855 232 E8 231 E7
Code page 866 147 93 227 E3
Windows-1251 211 D3 243 F3
ISO-8859-5 195 C3 227 E3
Macintosh Cyrillic 147 93 243 F3

References[edit]

External links[edit]

  • The dictionary definition of У at Wiktionary
  • The dictionary definition of у at Wiktionary