In contemporary spoken Arabic, pronunciation of ṯāʾ as [θ] is found in the Gulf, Iraqi, Tunisian dialects and in highly-educated pronunciations of Modern Standard and Classical Arabic. Pronunciation of the letter varies between and within the various varieties of Arabic: while it is consistently pronounced as the voiceless dental plosive[t] in Maghrebi Arabic, in the Arabic varieties of the Mashriq (in the broad sense, including Egyptian, Sudanese and Levantine), it can be pronounced as either [t] or as the sibilantvoiceless alveolar fricative[s]. Depending on the word in question, words pronounced as [s] are generally more technical or "sophisticated." Regardless of these regional differences, the pattern of the speaker's variety of Arabic frequently intrudes into otherwise Modern Standard speech; this is widely accepted, and is the norm when speaking the mesolect known alternately as lugha wusṭā ("middling/compromise language") or ʿAmmiyyat/Dārijat al-Muṯaqqafīn ("Educated/Cultured Colloquial") used in the informal speech of educated Arabs of different countries.
When representing this sound in transliteration of Arabic into Hebrew, it is written as ת׳.