Ha (kana)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from )
Jump to: navigation, search
ha
transliteration ha
hiragana origin
katakana origin

, in hiragana, or in katakana, is one of the Japanese kana, each of which represent one mora. Both represent [ha]). They are also used as a grammatical particle (in such cases, they denote [wa], including in the greeting "kon'nichiwa") and serve as the topic marker of the sentence. は originates from 波 and ハ from 八.

In the Sakhalin dialect of the Ainu language, the katakana ハ can be written as small ㇵ to represent a final h sound after an a sound (アㇵ ah).[1] This, along with other extended katakana, was developed by Japanese linguists to represent sounds in Ainu not present in standard Japanese katakana.

Form Rōmaji Hiragana Katakana
Normal h-
(は行 ha-gyō)
ha
haa
, hah
はあ, はぁ
はー
ハア, ハァ
ハー
Addition dakuten b-
(ば行 ba-gyō)
ba
baa
, bah
ばあ, ばぁ
ばー
バア, バァ
バー
Addition handakuten p-
(ぱ行 pa-gyō)
pa
paa
, pah
ぱあ, ぱぁ
ぱー
パア, パァ
パー

Stroke order[edit]

Stroke order in writing は
Stroke order in writing は
Stroke order in writing ハ
Stroke order in writing ハ
Stroke order in writing は

The Hiragana は is made with three strokes:

  1. A vertical line on the left side with a small curve.
  2. A horizontal stroke near the center.
  3. A vertical stroke on the right at the center of the second stroke followed by a loop near the end.
Stroke order in writing ハ

The Katakana ハ is made with two strokes:

  1. A straight stroke from the top pointing towards the bottom left.
  2. Another straight stroke going the opposite way, i.e. from the top to the bottom right.

Other representations[edit]

Character
Unicode name HIRAGANA LETTER HA KATAKANA LETTER HA HALFWIDTH KATAKANA LETTER HA KATAKANA LETTER SMALL HA
Encodings decimal hex decimal hex decimal hex decimal hex
Unicode 12399 U+306F 12495 U+30CF 65418 U+FF8A 12789 U+31F5
UTF-8 227 129 175 E3 81 AF 227 131 143 E3 83 8F 239 190 138 EF BE 8A 227 135 181 E3 87 B5
Numeric character reference は は ハ ハ ハ ハ ㇵ ㇵ
Shift JIS 130 205 82 CD 131 110 83 6E 202 CA
Character
Unicode name HIRAGANA LETTER BA KATAKANA LETTER BA HIRAGANA LETTER PA KATAKANA LETTER PA
Encodings decimal hex decimal hex decimal hex decimal hex
Unicode 12400 U+3070 12496 U+30D0 12401 U+3071 12497 U+30D1
UTF-8 227 129 176 E3 81 B0 227 131 144 E3 83 90 227 129 177 E3 81 B1 227 131 145 E3 83 91
Numeric character reference ば ば バ バ ぱ ぱ パ パ
Shift JIS 130 206 82 CE 131 111 83 6F 130 207 82 CF 131 112 83 70
  • Braille
は / ハ in Japanese Braille
は / ハ
ha
ば / バ
ba
ぱ / パ
pa
はあ / ハー
ばあ / バー
ぱあ / パー
Other kana based on Braille
ひゃ / ヒャ
hya
びゃ / ビャ
bya
ぴゃ / ピャ
pya
ひゃあ / ヒャー
hyā
びゃあ / ビャー
byā
ぴゃあ / ピャー
pyā
⠥ (braille pattern dots-136) ⠐ (braille pattern dots-5) ⠥ (braille pattern dots-136) ⠠ (braille pattern dots-6) ⠥ (braille pattern dots-136) ⠥ (braille pattern dots-136) ⠒ (braille pattern dots-25) ⠐ (braille pattern dots-5) ⠥ (braille pattern dots-136) ⠒ (braille pattern dots-25) ⠠ (braille pattern dots-6) ⠥ (braille pattern dots-136) ⠒ (braille pattern dots-25) ⠈ (braille pattern dots-4) ⠥ (braille pattern dots-136) ⠘ (braille pattern dots-45) ⠥ (braille pattern dots-136) ⠨ (braille pattern dots-46) ⠥ (braille pattern dots-136) ⠈ (braille pattern dots-4) ⠥ (braille pattern dots-136) ⠒ (braille pattern dots-25) ⠘ (braille pattern dots-45) ⠥ (braille pattern dots-136) ⠒ (braille pattern dots-25) ⠨ (braille pattern dots-46) ⠥ (braille pattern dots-136) ⠒ (braille pattern dots-25)

Japanese Semaphore Basic Stroke 10.svg

See also[edit]

References[edit]