Fu (kana)

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fu
transliteration fu, hu
hiragana origin
katakana origin

, in hiragana, or in katakana, is one of the Japanese kana, each of which represents one mora. The hiragana is made in four strokes, while the katakana in one. It represents the phoneme /hu͍/, although for phonological reasons, the actual pronunciation is [ɸu͍] ( ), which is why it is romanized fu in Hepburn romanization instead of hu. Written with a dakuten (ぶ, ブ), they both represent a "bu" sound, and written with handakuten (ぷ, プ) they both represent a "pu" sound.

The katakana フ is frequently combined with other vowels to represent sounds in foreign words. For example, the word "file" is written in Japanese as ファイル (fairu), with ファ representing a non-native sound, fa.

In certain Okinawan writing systems, ふ/フ can be written as ふぁ, ふぃ, ふぇ to make both fa, fi, and fe sounds as well as representing the sounds hwa, hwi, and hwe. In the Ryukyu University system, fa/hwa is written using the wa kana instead, ふゎ/フヮ. In the Ainu language the katakana with a handakuten プ can be written as a small ㇷ゚ to represent a final p sound. In the Sakhalin dialect, フ without a handakuten can be written as small ㇷ to represent a final h sound after an u sound (ウㇷ uh).

Forms Rōmaji Hiragana Katakana Example words (with kanji)
Normal f-
(は行 ha-gyō)
fu
  • ふゆ fuyu 冬 winter
  • ふえる fueru 増える to grow/increase
  • ふつう futsū 普通 normal
  • ふみきり fumikiri 踏み切り level crossing
  • ふとん futon 布団 quilt/blanket
  • ふるえる furueru 震える to shake
  • フランス furansu France
fuu
ふう, ふぅ
ふー
フウ, フゥ
フー
Addition dakuten b-
(ば行 ba-gyō)
bu
  • はんぶん hanbun 半分 half
  • かぶ kabu 株 share/stump
  • ぶし bushi 武士 samurai
  • ハーブ hābu herb
buu
ぶう, ぶぅ
ぶー
ブウ, ブゥ
ブー
Addition handakuten p-
(ぱ行 pa-gyō)
pu
  • ランプ ranpu lamp
puu
ぷう, ぷぅ
ぷー
プウ, プゥ
プー
Other additional forms
Rōmaji Hiragana Katakana
Form (f-)
Fa/Hwa ふぁ/ふゎ ファ/フヮ ファール fāru foul
Fi/Hwi ふぃ フィ フィンランド finrando Finland
Fu フリー furī Free
Fe/Hwe ふぇ フェ フェルト feruto felt
Fo ふぉ フォ フォード fōdo Ford

Stroke order[edit]

Stroke order in writing ふ
Stroke order in writing ふ
Stroke order in writing フ
Stroke order in writing フ
Stroke order in writing ふ
Stroke order in writing フ

Other representations[edit]

Character
Unicode name HIRAGANA LETTER FU KATAKANA LETTER FU HALFWIDTH KATAKANA LETTER FU KATAKANA LETTER SMALL FU
Encodings decimal hex decimal hex decimal hex decimal hex
Unicode 12405 U+3075 12501 U+30D5 65420 U+FF8C 12791 U+31F7
UTF-8 227 129 181 E3 81 B5 227 131 149 E3 83 95 239 190 140 EF BE 8C 227 135 183 E3 87 B7
Numeric character reference ふ ふ フ フ フ フ ㇷ ㇷ
Shift JIS 130 211 82 D3 131 116 83 74 204 CC
Character
Unicode name HIRAGANA LETTER BU KATAKANA LETTER BU HIRAGANA LETTER PU KATAKANA LETTER PU
Encodings decimal hex decimal hex decimal hex decimal hex
Unicode 12406 U+3076 12502 U+30D6 12407 U+3077 12503 U+30D7
UTF-8 227 129 182 E3 81 B6 227 131 150 E3 83 96 227 129 183 E3 81 B7 227 131 151 E3 83 97
Numeric character reference ぶ ぶ ブ ブ ぷ ぷ プ プ
Shift JIS 130 212 82 D4 131 117 83 75 130 213 82 D5 131 118 83 76
  • Braille
ふ / フ in Japanese Braille
ふ / フ
fu
ぶ / ブ
bu
ぷ / プ
pu
ふう / フー
ぶう / ブー
ぷう / プー
Other kana based on Braille
ひゅ / ヒゅ
hyu
びゅ / ビュ
byu
ぴゅ / ピュ
pyu
ひゅう / ヒュー
hyū
びゅう / ビュー
byū
ぴゅう / ピュー
pyū
⠭ (braille pattern dots-1346) ⠐ (braille pattern dots-5) ⠭ (braille pattern dots-1346) ⠠ (braille pattern dots-6) ⠭ (braille pattern dots-1346) ⠭ (braille pattern dots-1346) ⠒ (braille pattern dots-25) ⠐ (braille pattern dots-5) ⠭ (braille pattern dots-1346) ⠒ (braille pattern dots-25) ⠠ (braille pattern dots-6) ⠭ (braille pattern dots-1346) ⠒ (braille pattern dots-25) ⠈ (braille pattern dots-4) ⠭ (braille pattern dots-1346) ⠘ (braille pattern dots-45) ⠭ (braille pattern dots-1346) ⠨ (braille pattern dots-46) ⠭ (braille pattern dots-1346) ⠈ (braille pattern dots-4) ⠭ (braille pattern dots-1346) ⠒ (braille pattern dots-25) ⠘ (braille pattern dots-45) ⠭ (braille pattern dots-1346) ⠒ (braille pattern dots-25) ⠨ (braille pattern dots-46) ⠭ (braille pattern dots-1346) ⠒ (braille pattern dots-25)

Japanese Semaphore Basic Stroke 9.svg