Ka (kana)

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ka
transliteration ka
translit. with dakuten ga
translit. with handakuten (nga)
hiragana origin
katakana origin
spelling kana 為替のカ
(Kawase no "ka")

, in hiragana, or in katakana, is one of the Japanese kana, which each represent one mora. Both represent [ka]. The shapes of these kana both originate from 加.

The character can be combined with a dakuten, to form が in hiragana, ガ in katakana, and ga in Hepburn romanization. The phonetic value of the modified character is [ɡa] in initial positions, and varying between [ŋa] and [ɣa] in the middle of words.

A handakuten (゜) does not occur with ka in normal Japanese text, but it may be used by linguists to indicate a nasal pronunciation [ŋa].

か is the most commonly used interrogatory particle. It is also sometimes used to delimit choices.

が is used to denote the focus of attention in a sentence, especially to the grammatical subject.

Form Rōmaji Hiragana Katakana
Normal k-
(か行 ka-gyō)
Ka
kaa
, kah
かあ, かぁ
かー
カア, カァ
カー
Addition dakuten g-
(が行 ga-gyō)
Ga
gaa
, gah
があ, がぁ
がー
ガア, ガァ
ガー

Stroke order[edit]

か-bw.png

The Hiragana か is made with three strokes:

  1. A horizontal line which turns and ends in a hook facing left.
  2. A curved vertical line that cuts through the first line.
  3. A small curved line on the right.

カ-bw.png

The Katakana カ is made with two strokes:

  1. A horizontal line which turns and ends in a hook facing left.
  2. A curved vertical line that cuts through the first line.

Other communicative representations[edit]

Character
Unicode name HIRAGANA LETTER KA KATAKANA LETTER KA HALFWIDTH KATAKANA LETTER KA KATAKANA LETTER SMALL KA HIRAGANA LETTER GA KATAKANA LETTER GA
Encodings decimal hex decimal hex decimal hex decimal hex decimal hex decimal hex
Unicode 12363 U+304B 12459 U+30AB 65398 U+FF76 12533 U+30F5 12364 U+304C 12460 U+30AC
UTF-8 227 129 139 E3 81 8B 227 130 171 E3 82 AB 239 189 182 EF BD B6 227 131 181 E3 83 B5 227 129 140 E3 81 8C 227 130 172 E3 82 AC
Numeric character reference か か カ カ カ カ ヵ ヵ が が ガ ガ
Shift JIS 130 169 82 A9 131 74 83 4A 182 B6 131 149 83 95 130 170 82 AA 131 75 83 4B
  • Braille
か / カ in Japanese Braille Other kana based on Braille
か / カ
ka
が / ガ
ga
かあ / カー
があ / ガー
きゃ / キャ
kya
ぎゃ / ギャ
gya
きゃあ / キャー
kyā
ぎゃあ / ギャー
gyā
⠡ (braille pattern dots-16) ⠐ (braille pattern dots-5) ⠡ (braille pattern dots-16) ⠡ (braille pattern dots-16) ⠒ (braille pattern dots-25) ⠐ (braille pattern dots-5) ⠡ (braille pattern dots-16) ⠒ (braille pattern dots-25) ⠈ (braille pattern dots-4) ⠡ (braille pattern dots-16) ⠘ (braille pattern dots-45) ⠡ (braille pattern dots-16) ⠈ (braille pattern dots-4) ⠡ (braille pattern dots-16) ⠒ (braille pattern dots-25) ⠘ (braille pattern dots-45) ⠡ (braille pattern dots-16) ⠒ (braille pattern dots-25)

Japanese Semaphore Basic Stroke 8.svg Japanese Semaphore Basic Stroke 3.svg

The Wabun code for か or カ is ・-・・, が or ガ is ・-・・ ・・.