Chi (kana)

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chi
transliteration chi, ti
translit. with dakuten ji, zi, di
hiragana origin
katakana origin
spelling kana 千鳥のチ
(Chidori no "chi")

, in hiragana, or in katakana, is one of the Japanese kana, which each represent one mora. Both are phonemically /ti/ although for phonological reasons, the actual pronunciation is [t͡ɕi] ( ).

The kanji for one thousand (千, sen), appears similar to チ, and at one time they were related, but today チ is used as phonetic, while the kanji carries an entirely unrelated meaning.

Many onomatopoeic words beginning with ち pertain to things that are small or quick.[1]

The dakuten forms ぢ, ヂ, pronounced the same as the dakuten forms of the shi kana in most dialects (see yotsugana), are uncommon. They are primarily used for indicating a voiced consonant in the middle of a compound word (see rendaku), and they can never begin a word, although some people will write the word for hemorrhoids (normally じ) as ぢ for emphasis. Additionally, the dakuten form of the shi character is sometimes used when transliterating "di", as opposed to チ's dakuten form; for example, Aladdin is written as アラジン Arajin, and radio is written as ラジオ.

In the Ainu language, チ by itself is pronounced [t͡ʃi], and can be combined with the katakana ヤ, ユ, エ, and ヨ to write the other [t͡ʃ] sounds as well as [t͡s] sounds. The combination チェ (pronounced [t͡se]), is interchangeable with セ゚.

Form variants[edit]

Form Rōmaji Hiragana Katakana
Normal ch-
(た行 ta-gyō)
chi
chii
chī
ちい, ちぃ
ちー
チイ, チィ
チー
Addition yōon ch-
(ちゃ行 cha-gyō)
cha ちゃ チャ
chaa
chā, chah
ちゃあ
ちゃー
チャア
チャー
chu ちゅ チュ
chuu
chū
ちゅう
ちゅー
チュウ
チュー
cho ちょ チョ
chou
choo
chō, choh
ちょう
ちょお
ちょー
チョウ
チョオ
チョー
Addition dakuten d- (j/z-)
(だ行 da-gyō)
di (ji, zi)
dii (jii, zii)
(, )
ぢい, ぢぃ
ぢー
ヂイ, ヂィ
ヂー
Addition yōon and dakuten dy- (j-)
(ぢゃ行 dya-gyō)
dya (ja) ぢゃ ヂャ
dyaa (jaa)
dyā (), dyah (jah)
ぢゃあ
ぢゃー
ヂャア
ヂャー
dyu (ju) ぢゅ ヂュ
dyuu (juu)
dyū ()
ぢゅう
ぢゅー
ヂュウ
ヂュー
dyo (jo) ぢょ ヂョ
dyou (jou)
dyoo (joo)
dyō (), dyoh (joh)
ぢょう
ぢょお
ぢょー
ヂョウ
ヂョオ
ヂョー
Other additional forms
Form A (ch-)
Romaji Hiragana Katakana
(cha) (ちゃ) (チャ)
(chi) (ち) (チ)
(chu) (ちゅ) (チュ)
che ちぇ チェ
(cho) (ちょ) (チョ)
Form B (dy/j-)
Romaji Hiragana Katakana
(dya, ja) (ぢゃ) (ヂャ)
(dyi, ji) (ぢぃ, ぢ) (ヂィ, ヂ)
(dyu, ju) (ぢゅ) (ヂュ)
dye (je) ぢぇ ヂェ
(dyo, jo) (ぢょ) (ヂョ)

Stroke order[edit]

Stroke order in writing ち
Stroke order in writing チ
Stroke order in writing ち
Stroke order in writing ち
Stroke order in writing チ
Stroke order in writing チ

Other representations[edit]

Character
Unicode name HIRAGANA LETTER TI KATAKANA LETTER TI HALFWIDTH KATAKANA LETTER TI HIRAGANA LETTER DI KATAKANA LETTER DI
Encodings decimal hex decimal hex decimal hex decimal hex decimal hex
Unicode 12385 U+3061 12481 U+30C1 65409 U+FF81 12386 U+3062 12482 U+30C2
UTF-8 227 129 161 E3 81 A1 227 131 129 E3 83 81 239 190 129 EF BE 81 227 129 162 E3 81 A2 227 131 130 E3 83 82
Numeric character reference ち ち チ チ チ チ ぢ ぢ ヂ ヂ
Shift JIS 130 191 82 BF 131 96 83 60 193 C1 130 192 82 C0 131 97 83 61
  • Braille
ち / チ in Japanese Braille Ch/J/Dy + Yōon braille
ち / チ
chi
ぢ / ヂ
ji/di
ちい / チー
chī
ぢい / ヂー
/
ちゃ / チャ
cha
ぢゃ / ヂャ
ja/dya
ちゃあ / チャー
chā
ぢゃあ / ヂャー
/dya
⠗ (braille pattern dots-1235) ⠐ (braille pattern dots-5) ⠗ (braille pattern dots-1235) ⠗ (braille pattern dots-1235) ⠒ (braille pattern dots-25) ⠐ (braille pattern dots-5) ⠗ (braille pattern dots-1235) ⠒ (braille pattern dots-25) ⠈ (braille pattern dots-4) ⠕ (braille pattern dots-135) ⠘ (braille pattern dots-45) ⠕ (braille pattern dots-135) ⠈ (braille pattern dots-4) ⠕ (braille pattern dots-135) ⠒ (braille pattern dots-25) ⠘ (braille pattern dots-45) ⠕ (braille pattern dots-135) ⠒ (braille pattern dots-25)
Ch/J/Dy + Yōon braille
ちゅ / チュ
chu
ぢゅ / ヂュ
ju/dyu
ちゅう / チュー
chū
ぢゅう / ヂュー
/dyū
ちょ / チョ
cho
ぢょ / ヂョ
jo/dyo
ちょう / チョー
chō
ぢょう / ヂョー
/dyō
⠈ (braille pattern dots-4) ⠝ (braille pattern dots-1345) ⠘ (braille pattern dots-45) ⠝ (braille pattern dots-1345) ⠈ (braille pattern dots-4) ⠝ (braille pattern dots-1345) ⠒ (braille pattern dots-25) ⠘ (braille pattern dots-45) ⠝ (braille pattern dots-1345) ⠒ (braille pattern dots-25) ⠈ (braille pattern dots-4) ⠞ (braille pattern dots-2345) ⠘ (braille pattern dots-45) ⠞ (braille pattern dots-2345) ⠈ (braille pattern dots-4) ⠞ (braille pattern dots-2345) ⠒ (braille pattern dots-25) ⠘ (braille pattern dots-45) ⠞ (braille pattern dots-2345) ⠒ (braille pattern dots-25)

Japanese Semaphore Basic Stroke 7.svg Japanese Semaphore Reversed Basic Stroke 2.svg

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Hiroko Fukuda, Jazz Up Your Japanese with Onomatopoeia: For All Levels, trans. Tom Gally. New York: Kodansha International (2003): 19 - 20, Introduction, Words Beginning with ち Chi, Indicating Smallness or Quickness.