Álamo, Veracruz

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Álamo
Municipality and City
El Colotero
El Colotero
Álamo is located in Mexico
Álamo
Álamo
Coordinates: 20°55′00″N 97°40′30″W / 20.91667°N 97.67500°W / 20.91667; -97.67500
Country Mexico
State Veracruz
founded 1906[1]
Government
 • Municipal President Blanca Arminda Batalla Herver[2]
Population (2010)
 • Total 25,159
Website www.temapache.gob.mx

Álamo is a Mexican city in the state of Veracruz. It was elevated to city status in 1973, it has 24,159 inhabitants.[3] The city's name is derived from the many Álamo trees (platanus wrightii)growing along the Pantepec River. The main industry is orange production.

History[edit]

Before European contact, it was occupied by the Huasteca and later the Aztec.

Around 800-1300 AD, before the Aztec invasion, the territory was occupied by the Totonac and Huastec cultures. Altars from that period, called cues are found along the banks of the Pantepec River.

In 1683, the Dutch pirates Laurens de Graaf (know locally as "Lorencillo") and Nicholas van Hoorn ravaged the region during their capture and looting of the port city of Veracruz.[4]

The region was awarded with the title of "Heroico Temapache de Gutiérrez Zamora" by Decree No. 45 of 10 October 1878.[1] The city itself grew from a small peasant village through rural migrants and cyclical workers.[5]

In the Mexican Revolution, the region was controlled by General Manuel Peláez who had organized a small force.[6]

In 1912, Penn-Mex Fuel Oil began drilling the Álamo Well no. 1 which attracted many workers.[1] Álamo was established as a town in 1926 and was elevated to municipal status in 1927 through the efforts of Guillermo Velez, who became the first constitutional mayor.[1]

In December 1973, the town of Álamo was elevated to the status of city.[citation needed]

Coat of Arms[edit]

The city's coat of arms depicts a corn cob held by two hands, over the background of an orange, symbolizing the agricultural activities of the region. Over the top is the vehicular bridge "President Jose Lopez Portillo", which is located at the entrance to the city and represents progress. In the top left, there is a factory, symbolizing the juice industry, and at the top right is a head of cattle representing livestock industry. The bottom of the shield is decorated by two branches of tobacco leaves, and below them the full name of the municipality: Temapache Álamo, Veracruz

Climate[edit]

Álamo is located in the North of Veracruz, at an elevation of 40 meters above sea level. It is located about 380-km north of the state capital, Xalapa. Its climate is hot and extreme, the average annual temperature is 24 °C and annual precipitation is 1.391 m.

Demographics[edit]

Throughout the city there are about 10,000 speakers of indigenous languages, primarily Nahuatl. The main religions are Catholicism and Protestantism.

In the Population Census of 2000, there were 22,011 households, with an average of 4.6 occupants per dwelling.

Education[edit]

Álamo has 149 preschools, 179 elementary and 47 secondary schools. It has 15 institutions of high learning.

Agriculture[edit]

The main agricultural products in the city are maize, beans, citrus, watermelon, papaya and pipián.

Livestock are also an important agricultural commodity. In the municipality there are 431,131 head of cattle, 7,155 pigs, 7,200 of sheep, and 5,675 horses.

Attractions[edit]

Pantepec Bridge over the river.

There are a number of beautiful churches in the area, including the Church of Santiago Apostle, dating from the 16th century, and the Church of Pasture the Plain of Our Lady of Carmen. It also has tourist attractions such as the Hacienda de la Noria, Salto Waterfalls, 5 Towns, The Bridge of the Congregation of Limonar, and beaches along the banks of the River Pantepec .

Cuisine[edit]

Regional dish is the "zacahuil" a type of tamale, made of dough, chili, pork or chicken wrapped in a bed of banana leaf and cooked in clay oven .

The "huasteco dish" is made of sausage, corned beef, ham, bacon and fried plantains with beans and salsa verde.

"Acamaya Soup", "huatape", "enchiladas dance" and "barbecue beef" exemplify the rich cuisine of the municipality.

Temapache Church.

Traditions[edit]

Carnival[edit]

Carnival festivities begins forty days before Lent and concludes before Ash Wednesday. There are a number of dance troupes, some very informal with no choreography, but other groups are well-prepared. They are called Malinche by the inhabitants of the city.

There is a movement to return to traditional style of celebration, with traditional wooden masks and band music .

Orange Fair[edit]

The Colotero in Álamo.

The annual Orange Fair is a major event during the last week of April. In 2010, it was called "CitroFest 2010". The event covered five hectares of land, with room for international guest speakers and business tables to allow producers to meet with large retail chains and consumers.

There is also be a bullring, public theater, sculptures made from oranges, the meeting of the Sotavento[disambiguation needed] and Huasteca music, exhibition of cultivation equipment, shopping, food, rides, among many other attractions.

One of the biggest attractions at the fair is the Colotero Race. The competitors load basket full of oranges (up to 70 kg) on his back, which is held by a carrying strap to the front of the head. The length of the race varies, but is currently about a mile. Dropping the basket is an automatic disqualification.

Feast in honor of the Virgin of Our Lady of Sorrows[edit]

On 13, 14 and September 15 marks the festivity in honor of the Virgin of Our Lady of Sorrows, where they perform dances of the region, religious and cultural events, enlivened by the jaranas and violins, traditional musical instruments of the Huasteca.

Day of the Lost Child[edit]

December 7 is the Day of the Lost Child (el día del niño perdido), a religious tradition whose origins can be traced to the presence of the first evangelists of the New Indies. Participants light a candle in remembrance.

The tradition is based on the biblical episode from the Gospel of Luke called Finding in the Temple, where Jesus stayed behind in Jerusalem unbeknownst to his parents. When they discovered him missing, they searched for three days and found him at the Temple.

Tianguis Dominical[edit]

The traditional Sunday market is known as "Tianguis" and is held in Álamo Plaza. It dates back to before European contact, when the Aztecs controlled the area. A wide range of goods are offered for sale, including manufactured goods,foodstuffs such as zacahuil alamenses, cassava brown sugar, and homemade bread.

Government[edit]

The town council is composed of a municipal chairman, who is a trustee, and ten aldermen.

References[edit]

External links[edit]