Álvaro de Bazán, 2nd Marquis of Santa Cruz

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Álvaro de Bazán y Benavides (by Anthony van Dyck)

Álvaro de Bazán, 2nd Marquis of Santa Cruz, a.k.a. Álvaro de Bazán y Benavides, a.k.a. Alvaro II de Bazán, (Naples, Italy, 12 September 1571 – 1646), was the son of Álvaro de Bazán, 1st Marquis of Santa Cruz.

Relief of Genoa by the Marquis of Santa Cruz by Antonio de Pereda

Not as famous as his father, Alvaro II had nevertheless a distinguished military career, as well as on land as on sea.
He was Governor of the Duchy of Milan (1630–1631), Maestro de Campo General in Flanders under the Governess of the Spanish Netherlands Isabel Clara Eugenia (1631), a Spanish Navy commander and Army land General during the Thirty Years War, Member of the Spanish Councils of War and the State Council, Marquis of El Viso, Lord of Valdepeñas, and a Grandee of Spain.

Älvaro II main military actions were:

He was married in 1590, in Almagro, Spain, to Guiomar Manrique de Lara. Their descendents included two sons and five daughters.

The evolution of the title since the middle of the 17th century[edit]

Coat of Arms of the Marquisses of Bazán, title awarded by King Philip II of Spain on 11 October 1569
  • Thus, the title of Marquis of Bazán became attached to a branch of the Pimentel family, a female called Mencia Pimentel y Bazan.When she married a "Benavides" male, it was agreed by the couple that if they had a male, the male child would be named Francisco Diego de Bazan y Benavides to honor her ancestors and "recuperate" her ancestors name, something not uncommon between the High Spanish Nobility.
  • In fact, a son was born and named Francisco de Bazan y Benavides (died in 1680). He was Captain General of the Spanish galleys and Viceroy of Sicily, (1674 Interim), using always his mother's ancestors' family name, "Bazán", as a token of respect, and possibly, duty.


External links[edit]

Government offices
Preceded by
Ambrogio Spinola, 1st Marquis of the Balbases
Governor of the Duchy of Milan
Succeeded by
Gómez Suárez de Figueroa, 3rd Duke of Feria