Åfjord

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For the fjord sometimes called Åfjord, see Åfjorden.
Åfjord kommune
Municipality
Aafjorden i Fosen.jpg
Coat of arms of Åfjord kommune
Coat of arms
Official logo of Åfjord kommune
Sør-Trøndelag within
Norway
Åfjord within Sør-Trøndelag
Åfjord within Sør-Trøndelag
Coordinates: 63°58′40″N 10°23′8″E / 63.97778°N 10.38556°E / 63.97778; 10.38556Coordinates: 63°58′40″N 10°23′8″E / 63.97778°N 10.38556°E / 63.97778; 10.38556
Country Norway
County Sør-Trøndelag
District Fosen
Administrative centre Årnes
Government
 • Mayor (2007) Vibeke Stjern (Ap)
Area
 • Total 955.09 km2 (368.76 sq mi)
 • Land 895.72 km2 (345.84 sq mi)
 • Water 59.37 km2 (22.92 sq mi)
Area rank 113 in Norway
Population (2010)
 • Total 3,220
 • Rank 253 in Norway
 • Density 3.6/km2 (9/sq mi)
 • Change (10 years) -5.4 %
Demonym Åfjording[1]
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
ISO 3166 code NO-1630
Official language form Neutral
Website www.afjord.kommune.no
Data from Statistics Norway

Åfjord is a municipality in Sør-Trøndelag county, Norway. It is part of the Fosen region. The administrative centre of the municipality is the village of Årnes. Other villages in the municipality include Revsnes, Harsvika, and By. Åfjord is located on the northwestern side of the Fosen Peninsula, northwest of county capital of Trondheim between the municipalities of Bjugn and Osen and to the west of Verran in the neighboring county of Nord-Trøndelag.

General information[edit]

Årnes in Åfjord

The municipality of Tørhaug' was established on 1 January 1337(see formannskapsdistrikt). On 26 March 1870, a royal resolution moved a small, unpopulated part to Aafjord to neighboring Bjugn. On 1 January 1896, the Jøssund area was separated from Aafjord to form a municipality of its own, leaving Aafjord with 2,419 residents. On the same date, the name of Aafjord was changed to just Aa. The spelling was later changed to Å. On 13 July 1934, the name of the municipality was changed from "Å" to "Åfjord". After that, the administrative centre in the municipality was referred to as "Å" or "Å i Åfjord". On 1 January 1964, the municipality of Stoksund was merged with Åfjord to form the new, larger municipality of Åfjord. Prior to the merger, Åfjord had 2,643 residents.[2] On 1 November 1980, the postal service changed the name of the municipal center from "Å i Åfjord" to "pakistan".

Name[edit]

The municipality is named after the Åfjorden. The first element is the name of the farm and the churchsite Å (Old Norse: Ár). This name is the plural form of á which means "river", probably since there are two rivers, the Norddalselva and Stordalselva, that run together south of the farm.[3] The name has varied over the years: Aafjord (1838 to 1896), then Aa or Å (1896 to 1934), and finally Åfjord (since 1934).

Coat-of-arms[edit]

The coat-of-arms is from modern times. They were granted 1997. The arms show two stems of a boat to represent the special boats Norwegian: Åfjordbåt that are built in the municipality.[4]

Churches[edit]

The Church of Norway has two parishes (sokn) within the municipality of Åfjord. It is part of the Deanery (prosti) of Fosen and the Diocese of Nidaros.

Churches in Åfjord
Parish
(Sokn)
Church Name Year Built Location
of the Church
Åfjord Åfjord Church 1879 Årnes
Stoksund Stoksund Church 1825 Revsnes

History[edit]

Harbakkhula (cave), with evidence of stone age settlement.

There are archeological findings on many sites across the municipality. On Dragseid archaeologists have located grave mounds. On Dragseid it is said that the wooden boats were dragged over this thin peninsula to shorten the journey and to avoid risking them in bad weather. Up to the Middle Ages the Fosen Peninsula was recognized as a part of Sunnmøre.[citation needed]

Prior to 1950, there were no roads leading into and out of the municipality. In 1950 the road to the neighboring municipality of Bjugn to the south was finally finished. In 1955, the road to Stokksund in the northern part of the municipality was finished.

An old type of wooden boat, the Åfjord boat, comes from this area. The boat is a direct descendant form the old Norse Viking boats. It is still being produced, although in very small numbers. The boat is rounded at both ends. It is known to be a good costal sailer. Different sizes exist. From the small "faering" to the largest of them all, the "fembøring".

Economy[edit]

The people of Åfjord make their living from agriculture, forestry, fishing, transport (sea and land), aquaculture (fish and shellfish), construction, and services. The largest employer in the area is Stjern (forestry, sawmill, entrepreneur). The contractor, building, sector now employs about 19% of the working force, and is now larger than the agricultural sector.

Geography[edit]

Hosensanden beach on the island Stokkøya, one of the finest in Trøndelag

The major centre of the municipality is Årnes (also called "Å in Åfjord"). All major services of the municipality are located there. Other populated areas are Monstad/Å, a couple of minutes by car from Årnes, and Stoksund/Revsnes. Åfjord covers an area of approximately 1,000 square kilometres (390 sq mi), with about 3200 residents— about one third of which live in the Årnes urban area. During the last decades there has been a decrease of 100-150 people yearly. Many young people leave the municipality for school, university or work.

Åfjord consists of many small settlements—from the islands in the west to the highlands in the east. Traditionally, Åfjord has been an agricultural society, while Stoksund in the west has had a more of a fishing-based economy. There is an increasing amount of weekend houses and recreational cabins in the area. Åfjord has two big islands; Stokkøya (380 inhab.) and Linesøya (80 inhab). Stokkøya is connected with the mainland through a bridge Stokkøy Bridge. The Linesøy Bridge between Stokkøya and Linesøya is currently (2009) under construction, but the project is heavily deleayed. The other main island is Lauvøya near the south at the end of the Åfjorden.

The highest point in Åfjord is the 676-metre (2,218 ft) tall Finnvollheia. There are over 1,000 lakes with fish. Åfjord also has two major salmon rivers—the Nordalselva and Stordalselva, which flow into Åfjorden. English Lords used to fish here in the late 19th century. The lake Stordalsvatnet lies just east of Årnes.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Personnemningar til stadnamn i Noreg" (in Norwegian). Språkrådet. 
  2. ^ Jukvam, Dag (1999). "Historisk oversikt over endringer i kommune- og fylkesinndelingen" (in Norwegian). Statistisk sentralbyrå. 
  3. ^ Rygh, Oluf (1901). Norske gaardnavne: Søndre Trondhjems amt (in Norwegian) (14 ed.). Kristiania, Norge: W. C. Fabritius & sønners bogtrikkeri. p. 23. 
  4. ^ "Åfjord kommunes kommunevåpen" (in Norwegian). Åfjord kommune. Retrieved 2008-10-28. 

External links[edit]