Échirolles

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Échirolles
Échirolles town hall with Eugène Delacroix's Liberty Leading the People reproduced on its façade
Échirolles town hall with Eugène Delacroix's Liberty Leading the People reproduced on its façade
Coat of arms of Échirolles
Coat of arms
Échirolles is located in France
Échirolles
Échirolles
Coordinates: 45°08′37″N 5°43′06″E / 45.1436°N 5.7183°E / 45.1436; 5.7183Coordinates: 45°08′37″N 5°43′06″E / 45.1436°N 5.7183°E / 45.1436; 5.7183
Country France
Region Rhône-Alpes
Department Isère
Arrondissement Grenoble
Canton Échirolles-Est, Échirolles-Ouest
Intercommunality Grenoble Alpes Métropole
Government
 • Mayor (2014–2020) Renzo Sulli
Area1 8 km2 (3 sq mi)
Population (2011)2 35,995
 • Density 4,500/km2 (12,000/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 38151 / 38130
Elevation 217–395 m (712–1,296 ft)
(avg. 237 m or 778 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Échirolles is a commune in the Isère department in southeastern France.

It is the second-largest suburb of the city of Grenoble, and is adjacent to it on the south.

History[edit]

Former industrial village, the majority of its inhabitants worked in the viscose factories, a fabric which was invented in Échirolles in 1884 by French scientist and industrial Hilaire de Chardonnet, before becoming universally famous. The process for manufacturing viscose was then patented by three British scientists, Charles Frederick Cross, Edward John Bevan and Clayton Beadle, in 1891.

Population[edit]

Historical population
Year Pop. ±%
1836 735 —    
1841 702 −4.5%
1851 639 −9.0%
1861 615 −3.8%
1872 652 +6.0%
1881 619 −5.1%
1891 633 +2.3%
1901 574 −9.3%
1911 572 −0.3%
1921 597 +4.4%
1931 2,765 +363.1%
1946 2,825 +2.2%
1954 3,762 +33.2%
1962 7,111 +89.0%
1968 15,429 +117.0%
1975 33,288 +115.7%
1982 37,360 +12.2%
1990 34,435 −7.8%
1999 32,806 −4.7%
2006 35,687 +8.8%
2011 35,995 +0.9%

Personalities[edit]

International relations[edit]

Échirolles is twinned with:

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]