Arts et métiers ParisTech
|This article may be expanded with text translated from the corresponding article in the French Wikipedia. (December 2012)|
|École nationale supérieure d'arts et métiers
(Arts et Métiers ParisTech)
|Campus||Châlons-en-Champagne, Cluny, Metz|
|Institutes||Bastia, Chambéry, Chalon-sur-Saône|
Arts et Métiers ParisTech is the most prestigious engineering school in the fields of mechanics and industrialization in France. The school trained 85,000 engineers since its foundation in 1780 by the Duke of La Rochefoucauld-Liancourt. It is a "Public Scientific, Cultural and Professional Institution" (EPCSCP) under the authority of the Ministry of Higher Education and Research. Officially named École nationale supérieure d'arts et métiers (ENSAM), it was a founding member of ParisTech, héSam  and France AEROTECH. Arts et Métiers ParisTech consists of eight Teaching and Research Centers (CER) and three institutes spread across the country.
The primary goal of Arts et Métiers ParisTech is to provide an initial foundation in general engineering principles for the disciplines of mechanical engineering, power engineering and industrial engineering. Arts et Métiers ParisTech also offers continuing training for engineers and industry executives.
With 19 research laboratories and two PhD programs, Arts et Métiers ParisTech develops teaching and research activities in three main fields:
- Mechanics, materials, processes
- Fluids and energy systems
- Design, industrialization, risk management and decision-making
The school's training programs include about 20 Research-Based Masters specialisms, about 20 Advanced Masters programs and PhD studies.
The school was founded in Liancourt, Oise, under its creator Duke of Rochefoucauld-Liancourt in 1780; it was originally meant to provide in-depth training for military dragoon officers children. After 1800, the institution became known as the École d'Arts et Métiers.
Under Napoleon's reign it was known as the "Ecole impériale des Arts et Métiers". He defined the school to provide "the Non-commissioned officers of the industry" but, in facts, the pupils usually used to become plant managers.
The second school of this kind was founded in 1804 at Beaupréau (near Angers), but was actually in use after a third one was already functional in Châlons-en-Champagne. The latest campus established was Metz (1997).
The regional campuses were transformed into engineer training institutions in 1907. In 2007, the school adopted the brand name "Arts et Métiers ParisTech" and no longer uses "ENSAM" in its publications.
Whether speaking about starting salary, involvement in research or international opportunities, Arts et Métiers ParisTech has been ranked among the French ten top engineering schools, along with other schools like Mines ParisTech, École Polytechnique, École Centrale Paris or École Supérieure d'Électricité (Supélec).
Since its inception, the students perpetuate their own traditions and folklore, and are members of a student society. They call themselves "Gadz'Arts", abbreviated from "Gars des Arts" ("Guys from the Arts"). The "Gadz" folklore includes traditional clothing, language, songs and legends, related symbolism, and ceremonials. Gadz'Arts activities are independent of the administration of the school and are exclusively run by the students, although the two parts often cooperate for organising cultural or sporting events.
- Pierre Bézier (Paris, 1927), inventor of computer-aided design
- Jean-Lou Chameau (Lille 1972), president of the California Institute of Technology
- Jonathan Benassaya co-founder of Deezer
- Jean-François Dehecq (Lille, 1958), CEO of Sanofi Aventis
- Roland Vardanega (Cluny, 1961), intermediate CEO of PSA Peugeot Citroën
- Henri Verneuil (Aix, 1940), director
- Sebastien Breteau, (Bordeaux, 1992) CEO of AsiaInspection
- Alexandru G. Golescu (Paris, 1839), Romanian politician
Notes and references
- statistics on the official website (English)
- "héSam". Official English website. Retrieved 18 May 2012.
- "Presentation". Official English website. Retrieved 19 October 2011.
- "Palmarès 2013 des écoles d'ingénieurs après bac + 2" (in French). letudiant.fr. Retrieved 31 January 2013.
- "L'histoire des Gadzarts". Alumni website (in French). Retrieved 19 October 2011. ("The story of the Gadzarts")
- Official ENSAM website
- Paris Tech
- (French) Gadz'Arts on the Web
- (French) Société des Ingénieurs Arts et Métiers
- (French) History