Édouard Drouyn de Lhuys

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Edouard Drouyn de Lhuys (1805-1881), by Auguste Lemoine.
Letter of Napoleon III to the Japanese Shogun nominating Léon Roches, in replacement of Duchesne de Bellecourt, countersigned by Drouyn de Lhuys. Diplomatic Record Office of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs (Japan).

Edouard Drouyn de Lhuys (pronounced: [edwaːʁ dʁuɛ̃ də‿lɥis]; 19 November 1805 – 1 March 1881) was a French statesman and diplomat, born at Melun in the department of Seine et Marne. He was educated at the College of Louis-le-Grande. The scion of a wealthy and noble house, he excelled in rhetoric. He quickly became interested in politics and diplomacy.

He was ambassador at The Hague and Madrid, and distinguished himself by his opposition to Guizot. Drouyn de Lhuys served as Minister of Foreign Affairs from 1848 to 1849 in the first government of Odilon Barrot. In Barrot's second government, he was replaced by Alexis de Tocqueville, and was appointed ambassador to London. He returned briefly as foreign minister for a few days in January 1851, and then returned permanently in the summer of 1852, becoming the first foreign minister of the Second Empire. He resigned his post in 1855, during the Crimean War, when the peace preliminaries he had agreed to in consultation with the British and Austrians at Vienna were rejected by Napoleon III.

Édouard Drouyn de Lhuys returned to power 7 years later, in 1862, when foreign minister Édouard Thouvenel resigned over differences with Napoleon on Italian affairs. Drouyn was thus foreign minister in the lead-up to the Austro-Prussian War. In the aftermath of that war, which was seen as disastrous to French interests in Europe, Drouyn resigned. He withdrew into private life after the collapse at Sedan in 1870.

References[edit]

  • The Illustrated London News, May 19, 1855.

See also[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
Jules Bastide
Minister of Foreign Affairs
1848–1849
Succeeded by
Alexis de Tocqueville
Preceded by
Vicomte de La Hitte
Minister of Foreign Affairs
1851
Succeeded by
Baron Brénier
Preceded by
Marquis de Turgot
Minister of Foreign Affairs
1852–1855
Succeeded by
Comte Walewski
Preceded by
Édouard Thouvenel
Minister of Foreign Affairs
1862–1866
Succeeded by
Marquis de La Valette

This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainWood, James, ed. (1907). "article name needed". The Nuttall Encyclopædia. London and New York: Frederick Warne.