Église Saint-Paul

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Église Saint-Paul
Lyon st Paul 071.JPG
The chevet and the cupola of the church
Basic information
Location Lyon, France
Geographic coordinates 45°46′00″N 4°49′38″E / 45.7667°N 4.8271°E / 45.7667; 4.8271Coordinates: 45°46′00″N 4°49′38″E / 45.7667°N 4.8271°E / 45.7667; 4.8271
Affiliation Roman Catholic
District 5th arrondissement of Lyon
Leadership Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Lyon
Architectural description
Architectural type Church
Architectural style Romanesque and Gothic
Specifications
Spire(s) 1

The Église Saint-Paul is a church in Lyon, France. It is a Romanesque and Gothic building located in the Vieux Lyon, in the Saint-Paul quarter, in the 5th arrondissement of Lyon. The tower-lantern was classified as monument historique in 1920, and the whole church was classified in 1996.[1][2] It was completely restored in 2002. The church is about 45 m long and 16.5 m high under the arch.[3]

History[edit]

Built around 549 by the Lyon bishop Saint Sacerdos, the church was damaged in 732, then restored in the early 9th century by archbishop Leidrade. In the 10th century, it became a necropolis with three cemeteries. Archbishop Hugh of Die requested its reconstruction, which was accomplished during the 11th and 12th centuries (the bell tower in 1440).[4]

The church was damaged during the siege of the city by the Baron of Adrets, then during the revolution in 1793, after which it was transformed into a saltpetre store and became a parish church in 1801. Many changes were made to the church during the 19th century, including the removal of saltpetre soil and the paving, along with numerous additions: the lantern of the top of the octagonal tower in 1835, the Gothic portal in 1877, paintings by Paul Borel added to the choir in 1899, the eleven bells of the bell tower, and so forth.[5]

Architecture[edit]

The tower-lantern of the church

The Gothic style appeared in the bell tower-porch and in the side chapels. The nave is composed of four bays with four carved capitals pillars. The current 24-meter stone spire which tops the tower disappeared in 1818, was replaced by another one in wood in 1875, and was finally rebuilt in 1982.[5] A gallery in quatrefoils, a rose window and shields compose 19th century western facade.[3]

The smallest bell, called Eleanor and was made in 1626. The lower bell weighs over four tons was cast in Lyon by Gédéon Morel and is the most decorated one in the world.[3]

There are 16 small chapels along the aisles of the church. The first one of them appeared after 1470.[5] The most notorious is that of the baptismal fronts, from the 16th century, by Jean Palmier.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Monuments Historiques et Immeubles protégés sur Lyon" (in French). Annuaire Mairie. Retrieved 19 May 2010. 
  2. ^ "Monuments historiques — Église Saint-Paul" (in French). Mérimée. Retrieved 20 September 2010. 
  3. ^ a b c d Gambier, Gérald (2003). Vieux-Lyon, un patrimoine vivant (in French). Châtillon-sur-Chalaronne: La Taillanderie. pp. 58–62. ISBN 2-87629-138-X. 
  4. ^ "L'église Saint Paul" (in French). Vieux Lyon. Retrieved 19 May 2010. 
  5. ^ a b c "Au fil du temps > Architecture > Église Saint-Paul" (in French). Vieux Lyon. Retrieved 19 May 2010.