éirígí

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éirígí
Chairman Brian Leeson
General secretary Breandán Mac Cionnaith
Founded 24 April 2006 (2006-04-24)
Headquarters Dublin
Ideology Irish Republicanism
Socialism
Marxism-Leninism
Anti-Imperialism
Political position Far left
Colours Green, White
Local government in the Republic of Ireland
0 / 949
Local government in Northern Ireland
0 / 462
Website
www.eirigi.org
Politics of the Republic of Ireland
Political parties
Elections
Politics of Northern Ireland
Political parties
Elections

éirígí (Irish pronunciation: [ˈeːɾʲiːɟiː] or [ˈaɪɾʲiːɟiː]) is a socialist republican political party in Ireland, registered since 2010 to contest local elections only.[1] The party name, "éirígí", means "arise" in the second person plural imperative in Irish, a reference to trade union leader James Larkin's famous speech.[2]

It gained its first local councillors in 2009, when two former Sinn Féin councillors, Dungannon councillor Barry Monteith and Dublin City Councillor Louise Minihan, joined the organisation.[3] Former Wexford County Councillor for Sinn Féin and New Ross councillor John Dwyer joined éirígí. It failed to win any seats in the 2014 local elections leaving it without elected representation.

History[edit]

éirígí was formed by a small group of former Sinn Féin activists in Dublin on 24 April 2006, shortly before the 90th anniversary of the 1916 Easter Rising, as a political campaigns group. On 12 May 2007, at the party's first Ardfheis (conference), its members voted to become a full-fledged political party,[4] and at its 2009 conference passed a motion to register as a political party in the Republic of Ireland.[5]

The party has became known for the use of nonviolent direct action and regular protests in Belfast,[6] Dublin,[7][8] and elsewhere.[9]

The party stood for election in Northern Ireland for the first time in the 2011 local elections, citing dissatisfaction with Sinn Féin's involvement in the Northern Ireland Executive, and claiming there was "a real appetite for a radical voice" in Northern Irish politics.[10] It has never, however, stood for election to the Northern Ireland Assembly.

Ideology[edit]

The party seeks a British withdrawal from Northern Ireland and the establishment of a 32-county republic based on socialist principles. éirígí has participated in a range of campaigns, including Shell to Sea and Reclaim the Republic (which involved the organisation distributing 60,000 1916 Proclamations nationwide).[11]

The party opposes the Israeli occupation of Palestine, and supports the Boycott, Divestment and Sanctions (BDS) movement.[12]

The twentieth Independent Monitoring Commission report said the group is "a small political grouping based on revolutionary socialist principles". While it continues to be a political association, albeit with aggressive protest activities, it was not seen as paramilitary in nature.[13] However, in November 2012, a prominent member of éirígí was arrested in County Offaly and remanded in custody for possession of two handguns and ammunition.[14]

Emblem[edit]

For its emblem, the party uses a green star as it incorporates both the national colour of Ireland and an international symbol of socialist struggle. The full national colours of the Irish Republic are achieved when the green star is combined with the word éirígí in the colour orange (signifying the cultural identity of some of Ireland's Protestants) set on to a white background.

Members of éirígí march in Derry, January 2013

Leadership[edit]

éirígí's Ciorcal Náisiúnta is responsible for the day-to-day running of éirígí between meetings of An Ard-Fheis. It is elected by the membership annually on a 'one member – one vote' basis. Seven individuals are directly elected to national positions at An Ard Fheis.

At the November 2011 Ardfheis the membership of éirígí elected the following individuals to the seven national positions:

  • An Cathaoirleach (Chairperson) – Brian Leeson (Dublin)
  • Leas-Chathaoirleach (Vice-Chairperson) – Rab Jackson (Belfast)
  • An Rúnaí Ginearálta (general secretary) – Breandán Mac Cionnaith (Portadown)
  • Cisteoirí (Treasurers) x 2 – Micheál Mac Neighill (Belfast) and Ciaran Heaphey (Dublin)
  • An tOifigeach Caidrimh Phoiblí (Public Relations Officer) – Pádraig Ó Meiscill (Belfast)
  • An tOifigeach Ballraíochta (Membership Officer) – John McCusker (Dublin)

Popular support and electoral results[edit]

In the 2011 local election in Belfast — the only council the party contested during the local elections in Northern Ireland — the party stood in the Lower Falls[15] and Upper Falls[16] electoral areas, receiving over 2,000 first preference votes (10% plus), but failing to elect any councillors. The party unsuccessfully stood two candidates in the 2014 Belfast City Council election: Máire Drumm in the Collin electoral area, and Pádraic Mac Coitir in the Black Mountain electoral area.[17]

The party also unsuccessfully stood three candidates in Dublin, two candidates in Wexford, and one candidate in Wicklow for the 2014 local elections polling a total of just under 5000 first preference votes between all eight candidates north and south.[17]

Weapons and terrorism charges[edit]

In November 2012, Ursula Ní Shionnain, a Trinity College graduate and prominent member of the party,[18] was among four people brought before the Special Criminal Court in the Republic of Ireland charged with possessing weapons and ammunition including several handguns at Tullybeg, Co. Offaly, following an investigation by the Garda Special Detective Unit. Brian Leeson, National Chairperson of éirígí, was also arrested in connection with the weapons seizure but was later released without charge. Mac Cionnaith, éirígí's general secretary, confirmed Shannon was a member and said the group would take no steps to distance themselves from her.[19]

The party's Newry press officer, Stephen Murney, was also taken into custody in November 2012 on terrorism charges for owning and publishing photographs of police officers on duty,[20] though he was later cleared of all charges. In her ruling, Judge Corrinne Philpott said: "There is no evidence before this court that Éirígí supports violence, or has argued for violent action to be taken against the police, or that the organisation is directly linked to those that support terrorist activity."[21]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Clár na bPáirtithe Polaitíochta – Register of Political Parties – 23 March 2010". Houses of the Oireachtas. Retrieved 21 June 2010. 
  2. ^ "Bomb alert and protest mar royal visit". 21 March 2008. Retrieved 12 April 2014. 
  3. ^ Irish News 1 August 2009
  4. ^ "éirígí Becomes a Political Party – Indymedia Ireland". Indymedia.ie. Retrieved 17 June 2010. 
  5. ^ "éirígí and Elections: an Exercise in Participatory Democracy". Eirigi.org. Retrieved 17 June 2010. 
  6. ^ "Dissidents linked to parade halt". 15 August 2009. Retrieved 12 April 2014. 
  7. ^ "Protestors invade Anglo-Irish HQ". 24 April 2010. Retrieved 12 April 2014. 
  8. ^ "Anti-austerity protesters chant insults at Irish minister Pat Rabbitte". 18 July 2013. Retrieved 12 April 2014. 
  9. ^ "Video: Eirigi among protestors in Enniskillen". 18 June 2013. Retrieved 12 April 2014. 
  10. ^ "Eirigi to stand in NI elections". 24 January 2011. Retrieved 12 April 2014. 
  11. ^ "éirígí: For A Socialist Republic". Eirigi.org. Retrieved 17 June 2010. 
  12. ^ "Israeli workers tell of fear at Gaza protests". 14 January 2009. Retrieved 12 April 2014. 
  13. ^ "Twentieth Report of the Independent Monitoring Commission" (PDF). October 2008. Retrieved 17 April 2012. 
  14. ^ "Éirígí activist one of four held on gun charge". 
  15. ^ "Statement of Persons Nominated and Notice of Poll for the District Electoral Area of Lower Falls" (pdf). Belfast City Council. 7 April 2011. Archived from the original on 17 April 2011. Retrieved 17 April 2011. 
  16. ^ "Statement of Persons Nominated and Notice of Poll for the District Electoral Area of Upper Falls" (pdf). Belfast City Council. 7 April 2011. Archived from the original on 17 April 2011. Retrieved 17 April 2011. 
  17. ^ a b "Republican group Éirígí to take on Sinn Fein at polls". The News Letter. 25 January 2014. Retrieved 10 April 2014. 
  18. ^ "Trinity graduate wearing wig and disguise when intercepted by armed gardai, court old". 30 January 2014. Retrieved 27 February 2014. 
  19. ^ éirígí member charged over guns, 30 November 2012
  20. ^ "Éirígí press officer bailed over photos". 29 January 2014. Retrieved 27 February 2014. 
  21. ^ "Éirígí press officer Stephen Murney cleared of terrorism charges". 24 January 2014. Retrieved 27 February 2014. 

External links[edit]