Little specifics are known about him. He taught in a college in Paris, and is said to have been a monk, supposed to have been from a humble background.
The “New Cyneas”
The Nouveau Cynée ou Discours d'Estat représentant les occasions et moyens d'establir une paix générale et la liberté de commerce pour tout le monde takes its name from Cyneas, a diplomat-statesman of the ancient world, active around 300 BC, and known for his emphasis on peace. Crucé made peace central to his philosophical and political thought.
Crucé took the position that wars were the result of international misunderstandings and the domination of society by the warrior class, both of which could be reduced through commerce which brought people together.
He is pacifist in tone, and envisages an international body to maintain peace. It should be a permanent gathering princes, or their representatives, in session at Venice; its task would be to resolve disputes. Radically, the suggestion is that the Islamic powers would participate, in this permanent peace congress; Crucé's thinking runs along the lines of a common humanity.
- Émeric de la Croix, Emericus Cruceus
- European Spirit – Biblioteca Europeana – Denis de Rougemont: "Europe Unites"
- Oneal, John R., Oneal, Frances H., Maoz, Zeev; and Russett, Bruce. "The Liberal Peace: Interdependence, Democracy, and International Conflict, 1950-85", Journal of Peace Research, Vol. 33, No. 1 (Feb., 1996)
- John Bagnell Bury, The Idea of Progress (2004 reprint), p. 88.
- Darren J. O'Byrne, The Dimensions of Global Citizenship: Political Identity Beyond the Nation-state (2003), p. 64.
- A Brief History of the Quest for Peace