Émile Cammaerts

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

Émile Leon Cammaerts CBE (March 16, 1878 in Brussels, Belgium – November 2, 1953, Radlett, Hertfordshire) was a Belgian playwright, poet (including war poet) and author who wrote primarily in English and French.[n 1][1]

Demonstrating his interests, Cammaerts translated three books by art, history and landscapes expert John Ruskin [n 2] and selected G. K. Chesterton Father Brown detective stories in La clairvoyance du père Brown.[n 3]

He became Professor of Belgian Studies at the University of London in 1933, most of his works and papers are held there in the Senate House Library, and Emeritus Professor on retiring.[1]

Personal life[edit]

Cammaerts was educated at the University of Brussels and later at the revolutionary Université Nouvelle where he studied geography. He migrated to England in 1908 and was christened as an Anglican aged 34 (c.1912) taking for that event the middle name Pieter.[1] He married the Shakespearian actress Helen Tita Braun, stage name Tita Brand (daughter of the opera singer Marie Brema), with whom he had six children, including Pieter Cammaerts, who was killed while serving in the Royal Air Force during World War II, prominent SOE operative Francis Cammaerts[n 4] and the actress Kippe Cammaerts, mother of Michael Morpurgo.

Cammaerts is the author of a famous quotation, often mistakenly attributed to G. K. Chesterton in his study on Chesterton:

When men choose not to believe in God, they do not thereafter believe in nothing. They then become capable of believing in anything.”[2]

Works[edit]

Poems[edit]

  • Belgian Poems : Chants patriotique, et autres poems [n 5]
  • New Belgian Poems. Les trois rois et autres poèmes in its 3rd edition by (1916)[n 6]
  • Messines and other Poems (1918)

Stage productions[edit]

Books[edit]

  • The Adoration of Soldiers (1916) with illustrated poems [n 8]
  • La Veillée de Noël. Les deux bossus (1917) [n 9]
  • Through the iron bars, two years of German occupation in Belgium (1917)
  • A ma patrie enchainée (1918) [n 10]
  • A history of Belgium from the Roman invasion to the present day (1921/2) [n 11]
  • The legend of Ulenspiegel (1922)
  • The Treasure of Belgium (1924)
  • The Poetry of Nonsense (1925)
  • Discoveries in England (1930)
  • Albert of Belgium, defender of right, a biography of King Albert I of Belgium (1935)
  • The Laughing Prophet: The Seven Virtues And G. K. Chesterton (Study of G. K. Chesterton - 1937)
  • The Keystone of Europe (1939)
  • The Prisoner at Laeken: King Leopold, Legend and Fact (1941)
  • The Situation of Belgium: September 1939 to January 1941 (1941)
  • Upon this rock (1943)
  • The flower of grass (1944/5) [n 12]
  • The peace that is left (1945)
  • Principalities and Powers with Jeanne Lindley (1947)[n 13]
  • The Devil takes the Chair (1949) [n 14]
  • The cloud and the silver lining (1952)[n 15] (followed by Christian contributions to the BBC Silver Lining Radio programme series
  • The Work of our Hands (1953) book on the themes of art and religion

Other[edit]

  • Translation of Guido Gezelle from Flemish language with Charles Van der Borren, ­Poèmes choisis [n 16]
  • Preface to The glory of Belgium­ - An anthology (1915) collated and edited by Russell Markland and dedicated on the front opening to Cammaerts.
  • Baron Edmond de Cartier de Marchienne (1946) booklet
  • Article on William Dobson, painter An English successor to van Dyck: William Dobson Second series no III [n 17]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ Summarised by archivist Zoë Browne: "...became Professor Emeritus after his retirement from the university in 1947. He also received an honorary LL.D. from the University of Glasgow and a CBE. He was a fellow of the Royal Historical Society. During his life, Émile Cammaerts was a cartographer, geographer, journalist [for The Guardian (Anglican newspaper) that ended in 1951], poet, playwright, historian, art critic and devoted Anglican. He was Belgian by nationality, and deeply immersed in Belgian politics and culture.
  2. ^ Ruskin's Discussions on Architecture and Painting Conférences sur l'Architecture et la Peinture in 1910;
    Val d'Arno in 1911 and; Modern Landscape Painters as Les peintres modernes le paysage in 1914 all published by Henri Laurens, Paris
  3. ^ Perrin et Cie, Paris
  4. ^ Francis Cammaerts was awarded the Distinguished Service Order and the Legion d'honneur, Croix de Guerre and the American Medal of Freedom.
  5. ^ (translated into English by his wife in 1916) John Lane and Bodley Head, London; John Lane Company, New York
  6. ^ (translated into English by his wife in 1916) John Lane and Bodley Head, London; John Lane Company, New York
  7. ^ at the first performance the poem was read by Tita Brand, Cammaerts' wife
  8. ^ With Louis Raemaekers, illustrator Longmans and Green and Co, London
  9. ^ Librarie Moderne, Brussels and London
  10. ^ G. Van Oest et Cie, Brussels and Paris
  11. ^ T Fisher Unwin Ltd, London
  12. ^ Cresset Press, London
  13. ^ Cresset Press, London
  14. ^ Cresset Press, London
  15. ^ A.R. Mowbray & Co, London
  16. ^ Louvain, 1908
  17. ^ Penguin Parade by Penguin Books, Harmondsworth, 1948
References

External links[edit]