Établissement public à caractère administratif

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In France, an Établissement public à caractère administratif (EPA; translating to "public establishment of an administrative nature") is a public law legal person with a certain administrative and financial autonomy to fulfil a mission of public interest (that is not industrial or commercial in nature) under the control of the State or a local authority.[1]

It is a category of public undertaking in France, and includes some research institutes and infrastructure operators.

This legal characterization is the opposite of the Établissement public à caractère industriel et commercial (EPIC, "public establishment of an industrial or commercial nature").[2]

Legal aspect[edit]

On opposition to the Établissements publics à caractère industriel et commercial, which are subject to private law, EPAs are mainly governed by public law. This legal distinction is recognized by the French precedent.

Different types of EPA[edit]

EPAs under the supervision of the Minister of Defence include:

EPA under the supervision of the Minister of the Interior :

EPA under the supervision of the Minister of Social Affairs:

  • The Agence Nationale pour l'Amélioration des Conditions de Travail

EPA under the supervision of the Minister of Social Affairs and of the Ministère du Commerce :

  • The Agence nationale des services à la personne

EPA under the supervision of the Minister of the Economy, Finances and Industry :

EPA under the supervision of the Ministry of Higher Education and Research:[3]

EPA under the supervision of the Ministry of National Education and of the Ministry of Higher Education and Research :

EPA under the supervision of the Ministry of Agriculture :

  • The Établissement national des produits de l'agriculture et de la mer (FranceAgriMer)
  • The Agence de services et de paiement (ASP)
  • The Institut français du cheval et de l'équitation
  • The Inventaire Forestier National (IFN);

EPA under the supervision of the Ministry of Ecology, Sustainable Development, Transport and Housing :

EPA under the supervision of the Ministry of Foreign and European Affairs :

EPA under the supervision of the Minister of Culture :

EPA under the supervision of the ministère chargé de la Sécurité social :

  • The École nationale supérieure de sécurité sociale (EN3S)

EPA under the supervision of the Centre national de la fonction publique territoriale :

Not classified :

Notes and references[edit]